Research Papers/Topics in Biomedical Science

Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria And Antimicrobial Susceptibility Among Women Attending Antenatal Clinic Of Gatundu Hospital In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAsymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy is associated with risk of preterm birth and pyelonephritis if untreated. The apparent decline in immunity of pregnant women appears to promote the growth of both commensal and non-commensal microorganisms. Women with asymptomatic bacteria in the early pregnancy develop symptomatic bacteriuria later in pregnancy. The incidence of antibiotic resistance has been steadily increasing over the past few years resulting in limita...

Auditory Screening Of Basic School Children: A Comparison Of Pure-Tone Audiometry And Impedance Audiometry

ABSTRACT Background: School age children are faced with various forms of sensory disorders which impair academic, social and functional development. One of the most prevalent forms of sensory disorder is hearing loss. Auditory screening serves as an important process in identifying children with undetected hearing loss. The use of pure-tone audiometry has been the back bone of assessing children. In Ghana, auditory screening of school children has not been efficient due largely to the s...

Design Of Emergency And Trauma Hospital From A Biomedical Engineer Perspective

Abstract This project is Design of a hospital for emergency and trauma services in order to improve the healthcare services and to eliminate the emergency department deficiency . The design depend on the interviews and visits held in different facilities were the data collected and analysed to build the appropriate design. A plan has been drawn up to provide the hospital with all the required equipment in every single department as shown in the design model.The simulation program (ARCHI...

Impact of Adoption of Koryat Plough on Groundnuts Production )A Case Study Ghubish Locality-West Kordofan state)

AbstractThe effect of the adoption of koryat plough on the production ofpeanuts (groundnuts) in Ghbeish locality.the importance of studying :The peanut is the main cash crop in ghbeish locality and is the mainfeed for animal feeding, especially sheep, as is the result of the sourcecontributes to national income, so it is necessary to stand on the effect ofthe adoption of the use of farmers to the koryat plough and then putproposals and appropriate solutions.Study Society:The study popu...

Study Of The Internal Derangement Of The Knee Using Ultrasound And MRI

Abstract  Musculoskeletal sonography is rapidly evolving modality which is gaining popularity for the evaluation and management of joint and soft tissue disorder the purpose of this exhibit was to study the internal derangement of the knee using ultrasound and MRI. All patients (50 patients) were scanned by MRI 1.5 Tesla as standard and by ultrasound using high linear frequency transducer. The study took place in Sudan Khartoum 2014-2015. The part examined in the knee include me...

Measurement of Prothrombin Time, Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, Fibrinogen Concentration, Platelets count and indices in healthy police dogs in Sudan

ABSTRACTThe study aimed to determine the normal values of Prothrombin Time (PT) Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT), Fibrinogen Concentration (FIB), platelets count (PLT), mean platelets volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT) and platelet distribution width (PDW) for healthy police dogs in Sudan and to assess the effect of breed and sex on these parameters. Forty six dogs were used; 20 Labrador Retriever and 26 German Shepherd dogs comprising 21 males and 25 females, 20-83 months old....

Computerized Central Blood Bank Management System

AbstractBlood is a vital constituent in human body that is indispensable for human life, itsupplies nutrient and oxygen to all body cells, because of this essential role, blood bankwas introduce in this research to help in collecting, separating and storing blood by usingcomputerized information system to organized and maintain information about donors, andblood groups. Manual systems as compared to computerized systems are time consuming andcostly, in addition to human errors.A com...

Speckle Noise Reduction In Ultrasound Images Using Modified Hybrid Median Filter

Abstract:Ultrasound Imaging Is A Widely Used In Medical Diagnosing Imaging Techniques.Because Of Following: Low Cost, Painless And Considered Harmless To The Patients. However, The Main Problem Facing Ultrasound Images Is Speckle Noise, Which Is Inherent Multiplicative Noise That Reduces The Overall Quality Of The Images In Term Of Resolution And Contrast.Edge Detection In Medical Image Is An Important Task For Object Recognition Of The Human Organs, And It Is An Esse...

Application Of Fat Suppression Effect In MRI

AbstractMagnetic resonance imaging is one of the most important diagnostic tools of modern healthcare. The signal in medical MRI predominantly originates from water and fat molecules. Separation of the two components into water-only and fat-only images can improve diagnosis, and is the premier non-invasive method for measuring the amount and distribution of fatty tissue. Fat-water imaging (FWI) enables fast fat/water separation by model-based estimat...

Assessment Of Patient’s Safety

AbstractPatient safety has become an international priority with major researchprograms being carried out. The aim of this research is to assess the conceptof patient safety. Two artificial neural network systems were designed byusing questionnaire for the classification of an idle and non-idle hospital.After training and testing the systems results were obtained for classificationof data. The Two type of neural networks (Feed Forward Back propagationand Competitive neural network archi...

Implementation Of Hadamard Encoding And Reconstruction Of MEGA-Edited Spectroscopy (HERMES) For Quantification Of Ɣ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) And Glutathione (GSH

AbstractThe present study aimed to accelerate and improve accuracy of ɣ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutathione(GSH) quantification. These metabolites, present at low concentrations in the brain, are challenging to detectusing MR spectroscopy due to the fact that their resonance frequencies overlap with those of other moreabundant metabolites. The advanced spectral editing techniques involving J-difference editing that are required to resolve the overlapping signals of these low c...

3D Approximation Of Scapula Bone Shape From 2D X-Ray Images Using Landmark-Constrained Statistical Shape Model Fitting.

ABSTRACTTwo-dimensional X-ray imaging is the dominant imaging modality in low-resource countriesdespite the existence of three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities. This is because fewerhospitals in low-resource countries can afford the 3D imaging systems as their acquisitionand operation costs are higher. However, 3D images are desirable in a range of clinicalapplications, for example surgical planning. The aim of this research was to develop a toolfor 3D approximation of scapula bon...

A 12 week pre-season fitness training programme for senior male high school rugby players: The effect of supervision on anthropometric, physiological and physical performance variables.

AbstractThe study comprises of two sections; i) a survey to determine the attitudetowards fitness training for rugby and the current fitness training habits of elitehigh school rugby players in their penultimate year at school, ii) a trainingstudy on a sample of the same population group, to measure the effect of a12 week fitness training programme, based on scientific principles, onanthropometric, physiological and performance variables. The training studyalso measured the efficacy of ...

Transcription analysis of virulent strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

AbstractBackground: Despite the development of new drugs and success of social programs, tuberculosisremains a leading cause of mortality. This burden falls disproportionately ondeveloping countries where the high burden of HIV has a potentiating e↵ect, but may soonreturn to areas where it was previously brought under control as resistant strains continueto emerge. In the Western Cape, two closely related strains of the Beijing family have beenisolated that provide an opportunity to ...

Paleolimnological Records Of Environmental Change In Lake Baringo: Changes In Lake Level And Trophic State During The 19th And 21st Centuries

ABSTRACTPaleolimnology is the reconstruction of historical conditions of lakes using information contained in the sediment proxies. Previous studies have provided evidence for climate variability in the East African region over the last 200 years. However, the response of Lake Baringo to shifts in climate over the years remains unknown. As a consequence this thesis presents a sediment based semi-quantitative reconstruction of water level fluctuations and trophic state variations for Lake Bari...


1 - 15 Of 54 Results