Research Papers/Topics in Clinical Tropical Medicine

Factors Influencing Puerperal Sepsis Among Mothers Attending Pallisa Hospital Maternity Ward

ABSTRACT Puerperal sepsis is serious form of septicemia contracted by women during or soon after child birth or miscarriage. Globally it’s documented that the first recorded epidemic of puerperal fever occurred at the Hotel-Dieude Paris in 1646. Hospitals throughout Europe and America consistently reported death rates of 20% to 25%. During 18th and 19th centuries, it was the single most common cause of maternal mortality, accounting for about half of all deaths related to child birth. Howe...

Factors Determining the Prevalence of HIV Among HIV Exposed Infants in Ishaka Adventist Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: HIV is a viral infection that is primarily transmitted by sexual contact or sharing needles, or from an infected pregnant woman to her newborn. Despite the PMTCT services that involve screening of mothers with HIV and administration of Anti-retroviral drugs to HIV-infected mothers and exposed infants coupled with early infant diagnosis of HIV/AIDS and care of diagnosed infants with HIV children continue to die of the epidemic. Broad objective: To determine the HIV prev...

Assessments Of Liver Enzymes (Ast, Alt And Alp) Activity In Sudanese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

AbstractThis is a case control study carried out to assess the activity of aspartateaminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphataes (AST, ALTand ALP) liver enzymes. The study was conducted in Omdurman TeachingHospital from August to October 2014. A hundred type 2 diabetic patients andforty apparently healthy individuals were included in the study. Age of selectedgroup ranged between 30−60 years, both males and females were included. Fiveml of venous blood was colle...

The Role Of Sublethal Stress On Mithochondria And The Development Of Cardic Proconditioning

ABSTRACTThe copyright of this thesis vests in the author. Noquotation from it or information derived from it is to bepublished without full acknowledgement of the source.The thesis is to be used for private study or noncommercialresearch purposes only.Published by the University of Cape Town (UCT) in terms of the non-exclusive license granted to UCT by the authorFIELD

Proportion Of Blood Pressure Control, Predictors Of Blood Pressure Control, And Associated Microvascular Effects Among Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Attending Dodoma Regional Referra

ABSTRACTBackground: Diabetes and hypertension are among the most common diseases indeveloped countries, and the frequency of both diseases tends to rise with age.According to JNC 8 criteria, the target Blood pressure control among diabetespatients is below 140/90 mmHg.Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out of 498 type 2diabetic hypertensive patients who were attending hypertensive diabetic type 2patients clinic at DRRH. The structured questionnaire was used to gather ...

Psychosocial Hazards And Health Status Of Police Officers In Ibadan

ABSTRACTPolice officers while maintaining law and order may experience psychosocial hazards whichadversely affect their health. Work conditions can influence psychosocial well being, which inturn could influence their work performance, therefore affecting their attitude to the public.As there is little information on this subject, this study was conducted to determine thepsychosocial hazards and health status of police officers in Ibadan, Nigeria.A cross-sectional study was conducted, which u...

Anemia in Pregnancy Among Antenatal Attendants at The Suyani Municipal Hospital

Abstract Anaemia in pregnancy is an important public health problem especially in developing countries. It is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, and also has a significant impact on the health of the foetus. The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women receiving antenatal care at the Sunyani Municipal Hospital. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June, 2015, on 316 pregnant wo...

Malaria in Children Under Five Years in The Gushegu District Hospital Before And After Indoor Residual Spraying in Northern Ghana

ABSTRACT Background: Malaria is a major public health problem in Ghana, causing enormous burden to health and the economy. Malaria is the number one cause of morbidity accounting for 42.5% of outpatient attendance in the country, 48% of outpatient attendance in the northern region and 78.8% of all outpatient attendance in the Gushegu district.The General Objective of the study was to describe trends of malaria in children under five years reporting to the Gushegu district hospital from ...