Research Papers/Topics in Environmental Health Science

ENTERIC FEVER AND MALARIA AMONGST PATIENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUSTIN-MA, KATSINA, NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

Typhoid fever and malaria is one of the frequently reported febrile illnesses affecting health and remains a problem to community health. Treatments in poverty stricken communities requires government intervention and other health organizations, which is paramount for the provision of drugs and other basic necessities. The provision of aids by domestic or international health organizations fails to reduce the incidence and prevalence rates due to other overlooked contributory factors. 1,2...

ECOGENOTOXICOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF SOME SELECTED FISH SPECIES FROM APODU RESERVOIR, MALETE, NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA

Increased agricultural and domestic activities around and within aquatic ecosystem could poseserious threats to the habitat quality and ichthyofauna diversity. Nigeria is a country notablefor the alarming rate of water pollution. On the other hand, increased human populace aroundthe Apodu Reservoir has led to an intensifying rate of pollutants’ influx into the water body.To date, there is limited information on the habitat quality and associated genotoxic effectsof pollutants on physiology...

Hydrochemical Evolution of Ground and Surface Water within the Amansie and Adansi Districts

Source–rock deductions of major ions and saturation states of minerals in groundwater were employed to determine the origin of dissolved ions and the thermodynamic controls on the groundwater composition respectively in groundwater within the Amansie and Adansi Districts. The main objective of this study is to characterize groundwater and delineate soil-water-rock interactions responsible for the chemical evolution of groundwater within the districts. Fifty-nine boreholes, twelve wells and ...

A comparative study of the pollution status of Sakumo II and Muni Lagoons in Ghana

The pollution status of Sakumo II and Muni Lagoons and Mamahuma and Gbagbla Ankonufeeder streams, which feed Sakumo II along the coast of Ghana, were assessed and compared.As expected of saline waters, pH values of both lagoons fell within a slightly neutral to salinerange whilst, the feeder streams were moderately saline. Conductivity distribution also showedsaline (.5.0mScm21) characteristics of the lagoons, while, the feeder streams are brackish(1.5–5.0mScm21). DO concentrations in both ...

Levels and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in selected irrigated urban agricultural soils in Accra, Ghana

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants in urban environmentsincluding urban soils. Elevated concentrations of PAHs in urban soils are caused by incomplete combustion of petroleum and coal. This study assesses 16 individual PAH compounds in a total of 112 surficial soil samples. The objective was to assess and compare the levels of contamination as well as examine the main sources of PAHs in four urban agricultural soils using molecular ratios of some specifi...

Hydrochemical appraisal of groundwater evolution within the Lower Pra Basin, Ghana: a hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) approach

The most relevant controls on groundwater quality within the Lower Pra Basin in Ghana were assessedusing Q-mode hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). The objective was to determine the chemical characteristics of the various water groups and subgroups responsible for the groundwater evolution and identify the groundwater recharge and discharge zones within the basin. The Q-mode HCA have characterized hydrochemical data from a total of sixty-eight (68) boreholes and two (2) streams within the b...

Origin of major dissolved ions in groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin using groundwater geochemistry, source-rock deduction and stable isotopes of 2H and 18O

Hydrochemical and stable isotopes (18O and 2H) analyses of groundwater samples were employed toestablish the origin of major dissolved ions in groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin. Results showed that, the major processes responsible for chemical evolution of groundwater include: silicate (SiO4)4- dissolutions, ion exchange reactions, sea aerosol spray and pyrite (FeS2) and arsenopyrite (FeAsS) oxidations. The groundwater is strongly acidic to neutral, with pH generally range from 3.5 to 7....

Hydrochemistry of groundwater in the Savelugu–Nanton District, Northern Ghana

Calcite (CaCO3), dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2], silicatedissolution, ion-exchange and reverse ion-exchangereactions are the predominant processes influencinggroundwater quality in the Savelugu–Nanton District. Themain objective of this study is to characterize groundwaterand delineate water–rock interactions responsible for thechemical evolution of groundwater in the District. Eighty-one (81) boreholes were sampled for quality assessment.Results showed that, the pH of the boreholes are slightly a...

Phyto-Accumulation of Lead and Chromium in Common Edible Green-Leafy Vegetables Consumed in Dutse Metropolis, Jigawa State, Nigeria

Abstract Several researches have shown that the accumulation of heavy metals in green-leafy vegetables is of increasing concern due to food safety threat and potential health risks. Therefore, the aim of this research was to analyze the amount of heavy metals  accumulated in three green-leafy vegetables consumed in Dutse metropolis, Jigawa state, Nigeria. Three (3) samples of each  of the vegetables were collected randomly from two (2) different markets in Dutse Metropolis. The ...

Interdisciplinary Environmental Education: Communicating and Applying Energy Efficiency for Sustainability

This paper demonstrates that interdisciplinary alliances on environmental education projects can effectively address the gap between complex environmental problems in the real world and disciplinary curricula in a university. We describe an alliance between an advanced communication course and a general science course wherein we addressed interconnections of energy efficiency, economics, and global climate change with respect to their impact on individuals, local businesses, and society. This...

Solar Photovoltaic Energy for Mitigation of Climate Change: A Catalytic Application of Catholic Social Thought

This paper explores an application of Catholic theology to mitigate the current destruction of God's creation underway due to global climate destabilization. Specifically it describes the possibility of the U.S. Catholic Church adopting a systematic plan to catalyze the world energy market to shift to solar photovoltaic energy, a non-polluting renewable energy source. The science behind the ecological crisis and climate change in the context of the Catholic basis for environmental stewardship...

Environmental and Economic Assessment of a Greenhouse Waste Heat Exchange

As the economic costs of energy and the negative externalities associated with the combustion of fossil fuels threaten the economic viability of greenhouses in northern climates there is a renewed interest in the use of waste heat. This paper presents a technical and economic methodology to determine the viability of establishing waste heat greenhouses using the waste heat from industrial processes in northern climates. A case study is presented of an exchange between a tomato greenhouse and ...

Economic Impact of Substituting Solar Photovoltaic Electric Production for Tobacco Farming

Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology represents a promising method to prevent dangerous global climate change, however full solar penetration demands substantial surface areas, possibly encroaching on arable land. To avoid repeating the mistakes of previous attempts to convert agricultural land to energy, arable land currently used for crops with known health hazards can be considered for conversion. Tobacco is the leading cause of avoidable death globally, and despite increasingly stringent co...

EFFECTS OF BITTER KOLA ON RESPIRATORY SYSTEM(BASICALLY IN RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION) (1)

ARTICLE ON THE EFFECT OF BITTER KOLA ON RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ( IN CASES OF TRACT INFECTION , COUGH AND CATARRH BASICALLY)1) INTRODUCTION2) DEFINITION OF RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION/ DEFINITION OF CATARRH3) SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION(CATARRH BASICALLY)4) EFFECTS IF BITTER KOLA5) EVALUATION FROM INDIVIDUAL THAT TAKE BITTER KOLA DURING (R.T.I) RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION, COUGH AND CATARRH BASICALLY6) CONCLUSION

BIOSTIMULATION OF BACTERIA DEGRADATION OF CRUDE OIL POLLUTED SOIL USING PLANTAIN PEELS

Biostimulation of bacteria degradation of crude oil polluted soil using plantain peels were studied in University of Abuja permanent site. Top soil was collected randomly from different points, sieved and weighed out 3kg into each plastic bucket, and were polluted with 300ml, 250ml and 200ml on each. The plastic buckets were labeled in single form with cotton wool plugged at the base to retain the water. (A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J) with the control as J without crude oil. After 30 days, the...


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