Research Papers/Topics in Human Nutrition

Nutritional Status and Lifestyle Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(DM) Attending the Diabetic Clinic at Mubende Regional Referral Hospital

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is described as the chronic metabolic disorder that is characterized by elevation of blood glucose concentration (fasting plasma glucose >7mmol; or plasma glucose> 11.1mmol/l two hours after a meal) – caused by relative or absolute insulin deficiency in the body often accompanied with insulin resistance (Kartzung, 2003). Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas necessary for the body cells ability to utilize bloo...

Effect of Different Processing Methods On the Chemical Composition of African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa) Flours and Organoleptic Characteristics of Their Gruels.

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different processing methods on the chemical composition of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) flours and the organoleptic properties of it’s gruels. The seeds of cream coloured African yam bean (AYB) and lime were purchased from Oye Igbo-Eze and Ogige Nsukka markets, respectively in Enugu State, Nigeria. The seeds were sorted and divided into 4 equal portions of 1.5kg each. One portion was washed and fermented in tap wat...

Effect of Ivermectin Intake On the Nutritional and Health Status of School Children in Onchocerciasis Endemic Communities of Ebonyi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study assessed the nutritional and health status of school-aged children (5-12 years) in onchocerciasis endemic communities of Ebonyi State and determined the effect of Ivermectin intake on haemoglobin and parasitic load of the children. The study was conducted in Ebonyi State of Nigeria. A multi stage random sampling technique was used in selecting respondents for the study. A total sample of 360 school aged children aged 5 – 12 years (made up of 194 males and 166 females) par...

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND CONSUMER PREFERENCE OF SOME SELECTED MEAT PRODUCTS

                                                                          ABSTRACT Meat products such as beef burger, breakfast sausage, hot-dog and frankfurter required at U.T.C (United Trading Company Nigeria plc, were assessed for their proximate composition and sensory quality. Crude protein was significantly (p

Sensory Evaluation, Microbial Analysis, Invitro protein digestibility of weaning food blend prepare from Maize, Cray Fish, Bambara nut and Soya beans

Abstract According to the available literature, West African mothers usually breastfeed for 12 months. Many urban poor and rural women breastfeed for up to 18 to 24 months. These reports indicate that there is early supplementation with solid foods or early weaning. Although the majority of women start weaning their infants at the age of three to four months, a few begin within the first two months of life. The first solid food and the most popular weaning food is a thin cereal gruel that is ...

Prevalence And Determinants Of Obesity Among In-School Adolescents In Selected Local Government Areas In Ibadan

ABSTRACT Obesity, defined as an excessive accumulation of body fat, has become a worldwide health concern. Globally, about 170 million children (aged < 18 years) were estimated to be overweight and, in some countries, the number of overweight children has tripled since 1980. Excess weight in childhood raises the risk of excess weight into adulthood and, with it, the risk of earlier onset of obesity-related chronic diseases. Overweight and obesity, as well as their related complications, are...

EVALUATION OF AMINO ACID AND SENSORY QUALITY OF PEAGON PEA-MILLET FLOUR

ABSTRACT  The most important single factor affecting the efficiency of protein utilization is the profile of digestible essential amino acids entering the small intestine. Assuming a constant ideal amino acid profile of absorbed protein the requirements of all amino acids can be calculated when the requirement of one individual amino acid has been determined. In non-ruminants, the supply will be greatly influenced by the diet, but less so in ruminants due to the rumen microbial degradatio...