Research Papers/Topics in Human Nutrition

Efficacy Of Plumpy Nut In Improving Nutritional Status Of Hiv Positive Pregnant Women In Temeke Municipality

ABSTRACTA six month study was done to investigate the efficacy of Plumpy nut in improvingnutritional status of 108 HIV positive pregnant women aged between 15-49 yearsand who were attending Private and Government Reproductive and Child Health(RCH) clinics at Temeke Municipality. Seventy three (73) subjects receivedPlumpy nut made from Nutriset, France and thirty five (35) subjects received maizemeal made from Azam, Tanzania. The subjects who received Plumpy nut,consumed a sachet of 92 g of Pl...

Assessment Of Diet Quality And Dietary Diversity Of Overweight And Obese Adults In Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACTObesity is a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy. It is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. This study was carried out to determine diet quality and dietary diversity among overweight and obese adults aged 40 years and above working in public and private institutions in Morogoro Municipality. A cross sectional study was conducted in which data w...

Nutritional And Sensory Quality Of Extruded Peanuts-Soybeans-Cassava Composite Flakes For Rehabilitating Acutely Malnourished Children

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional and sensory quality of extruded peanuts-soybean-cassava composite flakes for rehabilitating acutely malnourished children. The product was formulated from peanuts, soybeans and cassava flour to achieve the desired levels of protein and energy as recommended by FAO/WHO/UNU. The peanuts-soybeans-cassava mixture was extruded to flakes which were then analyzed for nutritional and sensory qualities. Results showed that, extruded peanut-s...

Implementation Of Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture In The Central Province Of Zambia

ABSTRACTThe Central Province of Zambia contains the majority of the nation’s malnourished children, despite being the most productive province in terms of Agriculture. Most studies focused on household food consumption rather than the linkages between agriculture performance and nutrition outcomes of the population. In light of this knowledge gap, this study focused on the linkage between nutrition and agriculture.The study assessed the extent to which the Ministry of Agriculture in Zambia ...

Prevalence And Determinants Of Undernutrition Among 6-59 Months Children In Lowland And Highland Areas In Kilosa District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTUndernutrition is the most dominant form of malnutrition among children in developing countries including Tanzania. Despite several studies on prevalence of undernutrition among children of 6-59 months old in Tanzania there is limited information on the differences in prevalence between the highland and lowland areas. This study aimed to assess nutritional status and its determinants, dietary intake as well as nutrients content in food consumed by children aged 6-59 months in the lowl...

Assessment Of Iodine Status Of School Children, Pregnant And Lactating Women In Mufindi And Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to assess iodine status of school-aged children, pregnant,lactating and normal women in Rungemba, Kitelewasi, Kinyanambo and Beregavillages. Data were collected by using a structured, pre-tested questionnaire. Urineand salt samples were collected and analyzed to determine iodine concentrations.Anthropometric measurements including weight and height and records of age, sexand gestation age for the pregnant women were also taken. Data were analysed byusing EPI i...

Reproductive Age In Madizini Township And Its Hinterland Villages

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to assess household dietary diversity and nutritional status of children and women in Madizini township and its surrounding 3 hinterland villages of Manyinga, Lungo and Mhonda. A total of 160 women with their children between 12-59 months old were randomly sampled from village registers. Data were collected by using a structured questionnaire. A 24-hours recall on household dietary intake was conducted from which dietary diversity score (DDS) was calculated us...

Sweet Potato-Based Complementary Food for Infants In Ghana

ABSTRACT           Background: In an effort to reduce the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition among Ghanaian infants after the period of exclusive breastfeeding when complementary food (CF) is introduced, Weanimix, which is a blend of non-dehulled maize, groundnut and non-dehulled soyabean/cowpea, was introduced in Ghana, in 1987 through collaboration between the Nutrition Division, Ministry of Health, Ghana and the United Nations ...

Adherence To A Healthy Diet And General Functional Performance Of Dutch Older Adults In The Nu-Age Dietary Intervention Study

ABSTRACT Background: A summated score is a useful way to capture the different measuring constructs of cognitive functioning, physical functioning and quality of life in healthy ageing. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that high quality diets improve general health and well-being. The NU-AGE diet quality index was developed with the aim of ensuring healthy ageing for European older adults. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to develop a ...

The Efficacy of Doubling Fortified Salt in Reducing Iodine Deficiency And Anemia

ABSTRACTAbout 1.6 billion people in more than one hundred countries includingGhana suffer the consequences of micronutrient deficiencies, namely iron,iodine and Vitamin A. A thousand million people were estimated to be atrisk of iodine deficiency alone in 1990. Two hundred million have goitres,20 million are mentally retarded; six million of these being cretins. Irondeficiency anemia is the most widespread nutritional deficiency in the worldtoday. Two billion people are affected by anemia, mo...

Awareness and Use of Nutrition Labels on Pre-Packaged Foods among Consumers in Accra

ABSTRACT Introduction and Objective: Nutrition labels may help consumers to make healthier choices when choosing prepackaged foods and thereby reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases. Ghanaian consumers are increasingly consuming prepackaged foods, however there is little research on their awareness and use of nutrition labels. The study assessed awareness and use of Nutrition labels on prepackaged foods among shoppers in two selected supermarkets in the Accra Metropolis in G...

Optimization And Characterisation Of A 3-Blend Plant Milk Beverage

ABSTRACT Plant milk beverages have become a necessity as they serve as an alternative for people with lactose intolerance, cow milk allergy, vegetarians and people who want to avoid cholesterol. They have numerous health benefits but their consumption is limited by their poor sensory profiles. Soymilk is the most popular and most widely consumed plant milk beverage in the world. Using local ingredients for commercial production of plant milk in Ghana is advantageous as these raw m...

Investigation Of The Possible Role Of Goitrogens In The the Development Of Iodine Deficiency Disorders In Ghana

ABSTRACT The important role of iodine deficiency in the development of endemic goitre and cretinism is well established. However, it has been found that adequate iodine intake (75-300 fj.g/day) does not always eradicate goitre. Therefore, it is understandable that other environmental factors, known as goitrogens^present in die staple foods or drinking water contribute to the persistence of the disease. This paper reports on the possible role of goitrogens in the development of g...

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Efficacy of Essential Oil From Xylopia Aethiopica Fruit Pods

ABSTRACT Antimicrobial properties of essential oils (EOs) from plants have historically been explored and traditionally used as antiseptics and medicines. Recent studies on EOs of selected edible plants have shown great potential for inhibition of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms that occur in foods. Food applications of essential oils have however been limited due to solubility issues, unaffordable extraction technologies, low yield and strong flavours etc. Indigenous spices are common...

Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Relating To Nutrition Among People Living With Hiv/Aids (Plwha) In Ibadan And Shaki, Oyo State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Nutrition plays a critical role in promoting the health of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Nutritional problems strongly predict illness or death among PLWHA. However, the knowledge, attitude and practices relating to adequate nutrition by this group of people have not been adequately explored in Nigeria. This study was therefore carried out to determine the knowledge, attitude and nutritional practices among PLWHA who were attending Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) clinics in...


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