Research Papers/Topics in Medical Lab Science And Tech

The Prevalence Of Human Cytomegalovirus Among Pregnant Women Attending Thika Level 5 District Hospital Kiambu County, Kenya

AbstractCytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of herpesviruses. It is one of the most common causes of congenital and prenatal infections. It is a ubiquitous virus with the ability to establish latency following primary infection, and can be reactivated particularly during episodes of immunosuppression. CMV infection of pregnant women, especially in the first trimester may lead to congenital abnormalities and is often associated with serious complications, such as microcephaly, mental retardation...

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) Prevalence Among Catha Edulis Forsk (Miraa) Users In Meru Region, Kenya

ABSTRACTKhat or miraa (Catha edulis Forsk (Celastraceae) chewing is known to be a widespread habit in among selected communities in Kenya. Since HIV/AIDS was declared a national disaster in Kenya in 1999, the disease has become an obstacle to both health and development of the people. Nevertheless, the use of substance including C. edulis has dramatically increased despite the serious concern on control of HIV infection. This study was aimed at determining the HIV pre...

Effect Of Blood Cupping (Al-Hijama) On Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol And Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels

Abstract The word "hijama" is derived from "hajm" which means "sucking." cupping is the process of applying cups to various points on the body by removing the air inside the cups to form a vacuum. This study was carried out in Al- Almi for alternative medicine, Al-Rawabih charity organization for Al-Hijamah and Al-Madeina Al-Monwara clinic in Khartoum state; from April to August (2017), to detect the effect of Blood Cupping on Total Cholesterol, High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HD...

High Sensitive C-Reactive Protein, Magnesium And Lipid Profile Among Non-Diabetic, Non-Hypertensive Sudanese Smokers. (A Study In Khartoum State)

Abstract Background and Aim: Cigarette smoking is a classical and a major risk factor in the development of several diseases with an inflammatory component, including cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and dyslipidemia. The aim of this study to evaluate the plasma levels of high sensitive c-reactive protein, magnesium and lipid profile in smoker’s subjects. Materials and methods: This was descriptive cross-sectional study conducted during the period from A...

In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity Of Acacia Nilotica Pods Against Selected Reference Bacterial Strains

Abstract This was a descriptive experimental study conducted in Sudan University of Science and Technology (College of Medical Laboratory Sciences). The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity of different concentrations of Acacia nilotica pods extracts against selected reference bacterial strains using ethanol, chloroform, and aqueous extracts by agar diffusion method. Six reference bacterial strains were tested [Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Klebsiella pnemonia...

Serodetection of Hepatitis C Virus Infection among Diabetic Patients Type 2 in Marawi Military Hospital at Northern State

Abstract Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by Hepatitis C virus (HCV) which affects the liver . The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of HCV among patients with Diabetes type 2 in Marawi Al skary Hospital at Northern State The study was conducted during the period between march to July 2017. A total of ninety (n=90) blood specimens were obtained from 48 males and 42 females diabetic patients .Five ml of blood was collected .Sera were obtained by centrifug...

Molecular Characterization and Serological Cut-off (Copro-Antigen ELISA) of Entamoeba Histolytica and Giardia Lamblia - Khartoum State

Abstract This study aimed to determine the molecular characterization and serological cut-off (Copro-Antigen ELISA) of E. histolytica and G. lamblia in Khartoum State. A crosssectional study was conducted in period between August, 2014 to August, 2017. Epidemiological and parasitological data were obtained and recorded. 300 stool samples were collected from all participants, (100 infected with E. histolytica, 100 infected with G. lamblia and 100 healthy individuals as control group). All...

Plasma Magnesium And Phosphorus Levels Among Patients With Metabolic Syndrome In Khartoum State

Abstract Metabolic Syndrome is a serious medical condition with increase risk of multiple cancers, has effects on the life quality. It is a problem found all over the world and Sudan. Also it is fatal unless controlled and treated properly. A case control study conducted to compare the plasma level of magnesium and phosphorus of 50 randomly selected patients with metabolic syndrome as case group(age range 40-80 years) and 50 apparently healthy as control group (matched age and gender)...

Assessment Of Triglycerides To High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio And C-Reactive Protein Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients In Khartoum State

English Abstract Background: cardiovascular diseases is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with type2 diabetes mellitus and the TG:HDLc ratio recently used as predict subject at increased risk of developing metabolic and cardiovascular complications and HDLc level are inversely related to plasma TGs level and there is a dynamic interaction between high density lipoprotein and triglycerides rich lipoprotein in vivo. Method: The study includes 52 diagnose...

Association Of Human Papilloma Virus With Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer In Khartoum State

Abstract This descriptive retrospective cross sectional study was carried out in Omdurman teaching hospital, during the period from March to October 2015, to detect the association between human papilloma virus infection and non-melanoma skin cancers. The study included 40 formalin fixed paraffin embedded blocks previously diagnosed as skin cancers , 20 samples were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma and 20 samples were basal cell carcinoma. From each block only one section with 3µ...

Seroprevalence And Comparison Between Methods Of Syphilis Detection Among Blood Donors In Khartoum State/Sudan

Abstract This study was conducted among blood donors in Central Blood Bank of Khartoum. On a total of ninety tow samples were collected, during the period from March to May 2018, to demonstrate the frequency of syphilis and to compare between different diagnostic methods for detection of syphilis. All samples were tested from ELISA, ICT and RPR. The seroprevalence of syphilis revealed from ELISA method was 7(7.6 %), which was equal to ICT but was slightly increase in RPR 8 (8.7%). The ...

Serofrequency Of Hepatitis E Virus Among Pregnant Women Attending El Ribat University Hospital - Khartoum

Abstract Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an important enteric human pathogen worldwide distribution. It can cause sporadic cases as well as large epidemics of acute hepatitis. Many studies proved that HEV infection in pregnancy leads to poor maternal and fetal outcome, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy. The current study is descriptive cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of HEV among pregnant women attending El Ribat University Hospital in Khartoum, during t...

Evaluation Of Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Level In Women With Preeclampsia In Khartoum State

Abstract Background: Pregnancy associated hypertensive disorder and intrauterine growth restriction are common complication responsible for neonatal and maternal morbidity. Most current hypothesis regarding the pathophysiologic mechanisms of pregnancy induced hypertention point to early placenta abnormalities. The production of hCG by the placenta in early pregnancy is critical for implantation and maintainance of the blastocyst. Since it is postulated that preeclampsia is likely a tro...

Seroprevalence Of Hepatitis B Virus Infection Among Sudanese Men Whipped During Wedding Ceremonies In Al-Gadarif State

Abstract Whipping ritual during Sudanese wedding ceremonies could be associated with blood-borne infection that results from viruses such as hepatitis B virus, HCV and HIV. This study was aimed to investigate hepatitis B virus infection among men whipped during Sudanese wedding ceremonies using enzyme-linked immunesorbant Assay (ELISA) for detection of HBs Ag. This was a comparative cross-sectional study which was carried out during the period from January to April 2017. A total of hun...


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