Works Under Medical Lab Science And Tech

PROJECT PROPOSAL OCCULT HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV POSITIVE PATIENTS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE

ABSTRACTA cross sectional study was carried out among HIV positive patients attending St. Mary Catholic General Hospital, Eleta, Ibadan.All data obtained from subjects in the course of this study were strictly treated as confidential.One hundred and fifty (n = 150) serum samples were randomly collected from the people living with HIV who have given their informed consent. These samples was screened for hepatitis B serological markers (i.e. HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, HBeAb and anti-HBc) usin...

PREVALENCE OF Plasmodium AND Salmonella INFECTIONS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN ABA, ABIA STATE

ABSTRACTMalaria and typhoid fever are both endemic in the tropics and pregnant women constitute one of the high risk groups. The study on prevalence of Plasmodium and Salmonella infections among pregnant women in Aba, Abia State was carried out in Aba between June and July, 2016. Blood samples from 200 volunteered pregnant women who came for antenatal clinic with clinical signs in three selected health institution were collected and analyzed at microbiology laboratory, Abia State Polytechnic ...

PALM OIL AND PALM WASTE POTENTIAL IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTOil palm is the most important product from Nigeria that has helped to change the scenario of its agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm industries includes oil palm trunks (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and palm pressed fibres (PPF), palm shells and palm oil mill effluent (POME). However, the presence of these oil palm wastes has created a major disposal problem. The fundamental principles of waste management are...

MANAGEMENT OF JAUNDICE IN NEONATES

ABSTRACTJaundice occurs in most newborn infants. Bilirubin is the main cause of jaundice. Bilirubin which is responsible for the yellow colour of jaundice is a normal part of of the pigment released from the breakdown of ‘used’ red blood cells. Most jaundice is benign, but because of the potential toxicity of bilirubin, newborn infants must be monitored to identify those who might develop severe hyperbilirubinemia and, in rare cases, acute bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus. The focu...

MALARIAL HEPATOPATHY IN FALCIPARUM MALARIA

ABSTRACTJaundice is one of the common manifestations of severe Falciparium malaria but hepatitis is unusual. Although hepatic dysfunction is unusual and hepatic encephalopathy is almost never seen in malaria, yet, cases of hepatic dysfunction are being increasingly reported in patients with P. falciparium infection, from different parts of the world. The extent of hepatocellular dysfunction varies from mild abnormalities in liver function tests to hepatic failure. Patients with hepatocellular...

HEALTH BENEFIT OF HONEY

ABSTRACTHoney on natural substances produced by honey bees is composed of a complex mixture of carbohydrates, water and a small amount of protein, vitamins, minerals and pherolite compounds. Fructose, glucose and maltose are among the various types of sugar present in honey. Used as both food and medicine, honey has been associated with improved antioxidant capacity, modulation of immune system. The aim of this article was to review the benefit of natural honey intake on human health with par...

DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH ABUSE OF CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS.

ABSTRACTContraceptive is a pill which is been used to keep from getting pregnant if you have unprotected intercourse. Studies indicate that contraceptive pills are 75% effective in preventing pregnancy if taken within the first 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Contraceptive pills are most effective when used as soon as possible after having unprotected sex. Two types of this pill (contraceptive) include; combined oral contraceptive pills and progestin only pills. Combined oral contracepti...

BREEDING METHOD FOR VEGETATIVELY PROPAGATED CROPS SOMATIC MUTATIONS. EXAMPLES; SUGAR CANE AND POTATO

ABSTRACTMany agricultural crops of economic importance are vegetatively propagated. This work was done to elaborate more on vegetatively propagated crops, importance and developing new cultivars of vegetative propagated crops. Vegetative propagation aids to fix favorable combinations of important traits, very specific chemical compositions, superior genetic variance interactions and high levels of heterozygosity. Breeding vegetative propagated crops involve few genetic crossing and genetic co...

Prion and Prion Disease: Immunobiology, Pathogenesis and Potential Threat to Mankind

ABSTRACTPrion diseases, also known as Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with characteristic sponge-like microscopic appearance in the infected brain. They are caused by a protein-only particle consisting of an abnormal isoform (PrPSc) of the normal ubiquitous cellular prion protein PrPc. Prion diseases affect both human and animals, and can cause interspecies transmission. In humans, there are six different phonotypes of prion diseases, in...

Weight changes and histomorphological effects of marijuana on the brain of adult wistar rats

ABSTRACT The present study was conducted in Ekpoma, headquarters of Esan West Local Government area of Edo state. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of marijuana on the heart of wistar rats.  The study involved twenty four growing wistar rats having weights between 250g-275g divided into 4 groups; control and groups 1-3, comprising of 6 rats each. The control group received only grower’s mash and distilled water while groups 1, 2 and 3 received 0.02mg/kg body weight...

Prevalence of Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli & Staphylococcus Aureus Among Patients With Cases of Urinary Tract Infection Attending Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Markudi

ABSTRACT In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of few bacterial organisms associated with urinary tracts infection and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Total of Ninety (90) midstream urine samples were collected from outpatients with respect to their age group, gender and marital status attending health facility in Benue State University Teaching Hospital Makurdi. Each 0.1ml of urine sample was cultured on MacConkey agar and colonies showing lactose fermentation wer...

Hepatoprotective Potential of Russelia Equisetiformis Plant Extract on Drug-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Experimental Models

Background: A large number of herbal medicines are widely in-use to offer relief from hepatic injury,although attempts are still ongoing globally to get scientific proofs for these orthodox remedies, there isstill paucity of data on Russelia equisetiformes. There are solitary reports of anti-inflammatory, analgesic,and antinociceptive properties. Meanwhile, inflammation is a hallmark of hepatic injury. Further study maypave way for next generation hepatoprotective medication.Methods: The expe...

Ebola RNA prevalence in semen of Ebola virus survivors

ABSTRACTBACKGROUNDEbola virus has been detected in the semen of men after their recovery from Ebola virus disease (EVD). We report the presence of Ebola virus RNA in semen in a cohort of survivors of EVD in Sierra Leone.METHODSWe enrolled a convenience sample of 220 adult male survivors of EVD in Sierra Leone, at various times after discharge from an Ebola treatment unit (ETU), in two phases (100 participants were in phase 1, and 120 in phase 2). Semen specimens obtained a...

DISTRIBUTION OF ABO, Rh (RHESUS) BLOOD GROUPING AND HEPATITIS B AMONG BLOOD DONORS WITH NATIONAL BLOOD TRANSFUSION SERVICE KADUNA

ABSTRACTABO and Rh blood group systems are of major clinical significance amongst the thirty (30) human blood group system. The Distribution of ABO, Rh blood grouping and hepatitis B virus among blood donors with National Blood Transfusion Service, Kaduna was carried out. Two hundred voluntary blood donors (200) were used. Questionnaire was used to obtain the respondents’ bio-demographic data. Microplate technique was used for ABO and Rh blood grouping tests and ELISA kit (Monolisa HBsAg UL...

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Cultivation of Plasmodium Falciparum And Antiplasmodia Screening of Methanol Extract of Ocimum Basilicum (Scent Leaf)

ABSTRACTThe methanol extract of Ocimum basilicum (Scent leaf) was greenish in colour and increases in concentration through evaporation process which turns the extract to thick and dark green colouration. The percentage parasitaemia growth increases consecutively for seven (7) days with 7th day result having the highest parasite growth of 18.73%. The antimalarial activity of methanol extract of Ocimum basilicum conducted at six (6) different concentration (µg/ml) value shows that the highest...

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