Research Papers/Topics in Nutrition And Dietetics

COMMUNITY HEALTH AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS - ΣΤΑΥΡΟΥΛΑ ΜΑΡΙΝΗ - ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΑ

The dissemination and adoption of healthy eating habits is a key determinant of individual health advocacy, and a key factor for promoting public health. Changes of modern lifestyle, decreases of leisure time, evolution of the family structure and subsequent adoption of new dietary habits, leading to consumption of ready meals and standard, is one of the most serious challenges for the public health in today's world. At the same time, the routine cultivation of aesthetic patterns which deviat...

Effect of Shade Dried Pelleted Cury Leaf (Murraya koeniggi) and Scent Leaf (Ocimum gratissimum) In The Management Of Diabetes In Induced Albino Rat

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism that has many causes and forms. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder that affects nearly 100million people worldwide. Diabetes mellitus refers to metabolic disorders characterized by elevated blood glucose concentrations and disordered insulin metabolism which can cause damage to blood vessels, nerves and tissues. Approximately 90% to 95% of individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.This form is most closely associ...

Evaluation of Food Potentials of Tigernut Tubers (Cyperus Esculentus) and Its Products (Milk, Coffee and Wine)

ABSTRACT The food potentials of tigernut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) locally know as “aki awusa” in Igbo, ”aya” in Hausa and “ofio” in Yoruba were evaluated. The proximate composition of 100g of raw and processed tigernuts showed that moisture content of tigernuts ranged from 4.19 – 51.93 %, crude protein 2.61 – 10.12 %, ash 0.70 – 1.77 %, crude fibre 7.48 – 13.97 %, crude fat 10.79 – 32.06 %, and carbohydrate 22.73 – 56.85 %. Energy values ranged from 232.31- 487.15 K...

Food Consumption Pattern, Anthropometric Indices and Micronutrient Status of Children Aged 6 – 59 Months in Kaduna State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was undertaken to assess food consumption pattern, anthropometric and micronutrient status of children aged 6-59 months in Kaduna state. A cross sectional survey design was used. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select the subjects for the study. In the first stage, two Local Government Areas were selected from each of the three senatorial districts using simple random sampling procedure. This gave a total of 6 Local Government Areas. In the second stage, purpos...

THE EFFECT OF HONEY, WHITE AND BROWN TABLE SUGAR ON LIPID PROFILE AND GLUCOSE LEVEL IN RATS

ABSTRACT  Background: Honey and table sugar are commonly used sweeteners by many consumers. These sweeteners are examples of disaccharide sugar which forms part of the complex macromolecule, carbohydrate. Excessive consumption of dietary sugars including table sugar and honey is associated with several metabolic abnormalities and adverse health conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There is a general debate by many researchers and consumers that honey is better t...

Lipidemia Status And Associated Factors Among Hiv Positive Adult Male On Haart Attending The Hiv Clinic At Kericho District Hospital Kericho, Kenya

It is unfortunate that while Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has become the standard of care among HIV positive patients, the medications have been associated with metabolic abnormalities recognized to cause lipidemia. The purpose of this cross sectional analytical study (n=310) was to establish lipidemia status and associated factors among HIV positive adult male patients attending HIV clinic at Kericho District Hospital. Purposive sampling was used to select the study hosp...

Effect of nutrition education videos on mothers’ knowledge and practices on complementary feeding of children 6-23 months, nairobi city county, kenya.

ABSTRACT Optimal feeding of infants depend not solely on what they are fed but also how, when, where and by whom. Inappropriate feeding practices can cause negative consequences on the growth, development and a child’s life or survival in future. Data from a number of countries show that there are lots of efforts to improve child nutrition, but still, there are significant gaps in complementary feeding. In slum areas, there is an indication of little success of complementary feeding practi...

Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Practices And Nutrition Status Of Pregnant Adolescents In Mandera County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Adolescent’s pregnancy is on the increase. This consequently has led to high morbidity, mortality among the born child. Appropriate mother’s nutrition status during pregnancy is essential for both the mother and the fetus. Dietary intake among pregnant adolescents is a key factor that influences their nutrition status and the birth outcome. Nutrition knowledge of the mothers has been shown to affect the dietary practices of the children. However, nutrition knowledge among pregnan...

Impact Of Peanut Supplementation On Cardiovascular Disease Markers In Hiv-Infected Adults With Dyslipidemia Attending Nyeri Level- 5 -Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is currently second, after cancer, as the most frequent cause of death among HIV-positive subjects in areas of the world where Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is widely available. Dyslipidemia is an important adaptable cardiovascular risk factor that is a widespread clinical feature of HIV-infected patients in the present era of HAART. Peanuts are a rich source of magnesium, folate, fibre, α- tocopherol, copper, arginine and resveratrol. ...

Impact Of Maternal Dietary Intake On Breast Milk Composition And Infant Nutrition Status Among Lactating Women In Nyeri County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, with continued breastfeeding up to 2 years after the introduction of complementary feeds, is considered as the standard norm for infant feeding. Although the benefits of breastfeeding have long been known, studies on the composition of human milk are still ongoing. Considering that breast milk is the sole source of the nutrition for the infant in the first six months of life, it is essential to have accurate and up to date dat...

Comparison Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Between Primiparous And Multiparous Mothers Attending Wajir District Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Failure to exclusively breastfeed for six months is associated with increased risk of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of information that analyses the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) among primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study aimed to compare the KAP of EBF bet...

Factors Assiociated With The Continuation Of Growth Monitoring Among Children 10 To 59 Months Old In Nyamira County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Growth monitoring and promotion (GMP) is a preventive activity that uses growth monitoring, in measuring and interpreting growth. It facilitates communication and interaction with the caregiver to generate adequate action to promote child growth. GMP is meant for children 0 to 59 months of age, but available data indicates that for the majority it stops when immunization is completed at 9 months. Scientific data demonstrates that if growth monitoring (GM) is done appropriately, it ca...

Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Early Breastfeeding Among Mothers Delivering At Moi Teaching And Referral Hospital In Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth is 43% globally, 48% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 62% in Kenya, and 69.4% in Rift Valley province. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children‟s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommends initiation of breastfeeding within 30-60 minutes of birth, giving colostrum, not giving pre and post-lacteals and also exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for first six months. Early breastfeeding practices a...

Status Of Utilization Of Nutrition Information On Processed Meat Products In Making Purchasing Decisions Among Consumers In Nakuru Town, Kenya

ABSTRACT There has been an increased effort globally to sensitize consumers to read and utilize nutrition information on processed foods in order to reduce cases of diet related diseases. Manufacturers are required to provide adequate and easy to read nutrition information on the label of their products. High consumption of processed meat products has been associated with non-communicable diseases such as cancer, obesity and cardiovascular diseases among others. The economic effects of NCDs a...

Food Security Status, Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of People Living With Hiv And Aids In Homabay Town, Kenya

ABSTRACT The HIV and AIDS prevalence in Kenya is 7.2%. HIV and AIDS affect the livelihoods of the PLWHA and consequently their food security status. The country’s food security relies heavily on its agricultural production. Food insecurity that influences dietary practices affects about 12% of Kenyans in urban households and the presence of HIV and AIDS worsens the situation. There is limited data available on the magnitude of food insecurity among PLWHA in Kenya and the effect on dietary p...


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