Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus isoniazid compared with isoniazid monotherapy in preventing active tuberculosis in HIV positive adults

BackgroundTuberculosis is the highest cause of death in persons infected with HIV hence the need for prevention. The gold standard of self- administered isoniazid for 6 to 12 months is effective but adherence is poor and causes more adverse events. Rifapentine plus isoniazid for 3months administered under DOTS have limited treatment duration and may result in higher adherence and reduced adverse events.ObjectivesTo determine the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus Isoniazid compared with ...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Students Towards Tobacco Smoking

The concept of tobacco smoking has various aspects but this research focused on the cigarette kind. The findings showed that a large number of the students had poor or low knowledge of the health risk associated with smoking with students of TSU having means score of 10.16 and those of OOU having a mean score of 5.3 out of 16 point rating scale. The attitude varied based on the particular knowledge they exhibited but due to the poor knowledge the attitude gave room for more practice. 

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAMARU COMMUNITY ZARIA

Abstract School Health Program (SHP) is a coordinated activity which contributes to the understanding, maintenance and improvement of the health of school population. Structures for effective school health program has collapsed, teachers and schools are not motivated to implement school health program. This study evaluates the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing asse...

A Study on Management of Healthcare Waste in Health Care Facilities in Nakuru East Sub-County, Nakuru County

ABSTRACTThe proper handling of medical wastes is very imperative. There are defined set rules for handling medical wastes, unfortunately, laxity and lack of adequate training and awareness in the execution of these rules leads to injuries and diseseses spread by improper handling of these wastes. The study conducted was on management of healthcare wastes in health care facilities in Nakuru east sub-county, Nakuru county. Objectives of the study were to identify major types of wastes generated...

Identification and Evaluation of Immuno-modulatory Properties of Prebiotics Extracted from Vernonia amygdalin

ABSTRACT Vernonia amygdalina leaves, commonly called bitter leaf is widely consumed in Africa especially in Nigeria. The leaf extract has been reported to have prebiotic potentials but limited information is available on the immune-modulatory effects. This study evaluated the immuno-modulatory properties of the leaf extract and identified the prebiotic components. The aqueous extract was separated into fractions by Liquid-liquid fractionation and the prebiotic compounds were iden...

FACTORS INFLUENCING INSULIN BIOCHEMISTRY IN UK DIABETIC PATIENTS: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus has proved to become a global public health issue, given the growing burden of the disease (prevalence) and associated metabolic diseases. Empirical evidence from clinical studies demonstrates the influence of insulin biochemistry (parameters) – insulin resistance, insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity – in the development of Diabetes Mellitus; however, the factors underlying the biochemical behaviour these insulin parameters and their associated ...

EFFECTS OF GNETUM AFRICANUM WELW. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM LINN. AQUEOUS LEAF EXTRACTS ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN CYANIDE-TREATED RATTUS RATTUS

ABSTRACTCyanide toxicity is of public health concern. Cyanide is among the most potent and deadly poisons and sources of potential human exposure to it are numerous, arising through its release into the environment from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Gnetum Africanum (GA) and Ocimum Gratissimum (OG) which contain essential amino acids required to abate cyanide toxicity effects, are widely used local plants for both nutritional and therapeutic purposes in Nigeria. There is dearth of i...

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