Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Adults Attending Anti-Retroviral Therapy at Three Selected Hospitals in Bushenyj District, Uganda

ABSTRACT  Background: Malnutrition is a life-threatening condition among HIV positive adults and little is known about its patterns and associated factors in Southwestern Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess malnutrition and associated factors among HIV-positive adults in Bushenyi district, Uganda Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at three selected hospitals handling HIV patients in Bushenyi district. A total of 253 participants were enrolled in the stud...

Factors Affecting Utilization of Public Health Facilities by Rural Dwellers in Abia State

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Utilization of public health services is an important factor in the effectiveness of national health care and achievement of Health for All. Nigeria’s population is predominantly rural and the health needs of rural areas are numerous. For one to be able to maintain a healthy state, the choice of health care facilities/services and predictors of the choice are important. An individual’s choice of health facilities for healthcare is largely determined by patient-related...

Factors Affecting Community Participation in Solid Waste Management A Case Study of Walukuba Division, Jinja District

ABSTRACT  Introduction In developing countries, most of the municipalities spend large proportions of their budgets on the collection, transport and disposal of solid waste. Their solid waste management is a costly service that consumes between 20% and 50% of their available operational budgets for municipal services. The specific objective of the study is; 1. To assess the social economic factors affecting the community in participation in solid waste management in Walukuba I Masese Divisio...

Factors Affecting Immunization Coverage of Children under Five Years in Elashabiyaha District, Lower Shabelle Region, Somalia

ABSTRACT  Background: Elashabiyaha is one of the largest districts in Lower Shabelle region Somalia who has accommodated one of the most populous Somali IDPs camps. Only 30% of children are immunized against the six major childhood diseases. These are far below the targeted average percentage of 80%. This study was conducted to explore cunent immunization coverage of the children under five years in Elashabiyaha and to assess factors affecting immunization coverage of the child~en under five...

The Prevalence and Factors Associated with Malnutrition Among Children Aged 6-59 Months Inbushenyi District

ABSTRACT Bushenyi has persistently registered highest levels of childhood malnutrition in the whole of Uganda despite being referred to as "the food basket" of the country. Malnutrition is a major public health problem of developmental concern with both health and socio-economic consequences. High prevalence is in developing countries which contribute up to 50% of the world's under-five mortality. This study determined the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among children age...

Assessment of Factors Influencing the Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Mothers with Less Than 2 Years Children in Hodan District, Mogadishu, Somalia

ABSTRACT Background: Exclusive breast feeding is defined by World Health Organization (WHO) as giving breast milk alone for the first 6 months of life. World Health Organization recommends Mothers to breastfeed babies exclusively in the first six months. Breastfeeding and good nutrition for children are essential for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, particularly the goals relating to child survival. Breastfeeding is known to be the best way to feed infants by providing the psycholo...

The Perception and Attitude Towards Insecticide Treated Nets in The Control of Malaria Amongst Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at La General Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: Malaria poses public health challenge in endemic African countries. Malaria contributes nearly 20% to low birth weight babies in endemic areas, still births and maternal deaths. Pregnant women are more likely to be anaemic and give birth to low birth weight or stillborn babies with malaria infection during pregnancy. Regular use of insecticide teated nets by pregnant women is a vital intervention in the prevention of malaria among pregnant women in endemic areas. Objec...

An Assessment of Adolescent/Youth Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in The Volta Region of Ghana

ABSTRACT Background  Over the past decade, the framework of adolescent-friendly health care has been used to better orient health services to the needs of young people. In fulfilling this worthy aim, the state of this adolescent-focused care and the performance based on client perceptions have to be regularly evaluated. Objective This study seeks to access the satisfaction with the youth friendly sexual and reproductive health services rendered to young people in the Ho, Hohoe and Kpando Mu...

Determinants of Abortion in Sierra Leone Using The 2013 Demographic Health Survey Data

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: It is estimated that a woman dies every eight minutes somewhere in a developing country as a result of unsafe abortion. Sierra Leone is classified as a category two under the world‟s abortion laws meaning abortion is only permitted when it is performed to protect a woman‟s life and health. It has some of the worst maternal health indicators in subSahara Africa- whilst the regional Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is 647 deaths per 100,000 live births, the country has 8...

MOTHERS’ KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, BELIEFS AND PRATICES RELATED TO CHILDHOOD ANAEMIA IN THE KINTAMPO DISTRICT

ABSTRACT The prevalence of childhood anaemia remains high in the Kintampo district despite various intervention programs adopted in the past to reduce it. A cross-sectional study investigating knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices was carried out among seventy randomly selected mothers to find out why childhood anaemia is still a major problem in the district. Data were also collected from six traditional healers who specialize in treating childhood diseases including anaemia. Analysis ...

Condom Use By Senior High Technical School Students In Sandema, Upper East Region, Ghana

ABSTRACT For over a decade now, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and more especially condom use, has increasingly been on national agendas. In many countries especially in Sub Saharan Africa, this concern has been driven by the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS among young people. Other driving forces of comparable magnitude have been the following;   - 800 women died every day in 2013 due to pregnancy related causes. A chunk of it occurred in Sub – Saharan Africa (SSA). - One i...

Male Partner Involvement In Maternal Health Care In The Effutu Municipality Of The Central Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Globally, men play critical role in women‘s ability to seek health care, including maternal health care. Male partner involvement is a key factor that cannot be ignored in the quest for improvement in maternal health. Male participation has been shown to yield substantial influence in decisions and health outcomes in several other areas of maternal health care, including antenatal, labour and delivery and postnatal care. However, male involvement has been found to be a...

Prevalence Of Schistosomiasis In Children Under Six Years In Two Endemic Communities Along The Weija Lake

ABSTRACT Introduction: Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease, often endemic in areas with poor sanitation, is known to cause physical and mental defects in children and adults alike. Consequently, a number of strategies with much emphasis on drug administration for morbidity control have been put in place to combat schistosomiasis in Ghana and the world at large. Unfortunately, children under six years have been excluded from chemotherapy for several years and it is in recent times t...

Performance of Community Health Workers in the Community Health Worker Programme in Upper Manya Krobo Distrct of Ghana: Role of Health Sector and Community

ABSTRACT Background: The Alma-Ata declaration of 1978 promoted broader use of Community Health Workers (CHWs) to provide certain interventions and promote health behaviours at the community level. The Government of Ghana in 2016 launched the new Community Health Worker Program (CHWP). This was followed by recruitment, training and deployment of 20000 CHW to Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) zones. Since the programme inception, the performance of CHWs and the possibility of...

An Exploratory Study Into The Usefulness Of The District Health Annual Report To The Dhmt* In The Management Of The District Health System

INTRODUCTION For a developing country like Ghana, which has chosen the PHC strategy to achieve health for all by 2000 AD, the management of the district health system is understandably of vital importance. The government's support of its health policy is shown in its decentralization moves on the past few years. In 1995, not only personnel, but now, the financial administration has been brought to the district level. Health managers and teams therefore now bear the responsibility of managing ...


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