Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE HEALTH OF ON-CAMPUS MALE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACTThe study was designed to determine the health implications of substance abuse among the on-campus male students of the University of Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design which comprises 320 on-campus male students of the University of Calabar. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. The instrument for data collection was a self developed validated structured questionnaire with reliability of 0.89. Data generate...

FACTORS AFFECTING THE UTILIZATION OF FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES BY MARRIED WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN CALABAR MUNICIPALITY, CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the factors affecting the utilization of family planning services by married women in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. Three specific objectives, three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted .Simple random sampling technique was use to select three wards in calabar municipality and systematic sampling technique was use to select the eligible household. S...

DETERMINANTS OF PREGNANCY OUTCOMES AMONG WOMEN IN NIGERIAN RURAL AREAS

ABSTRACTPregnancy outcome is a strong indicator of maternal vulnerability. ICPD (1994) stated that every childbirth and delivery should be healthy. The study examined the determinants of pregnancy outcome among rural women in Nigeria. Pregnancy outcomes considered include live birth (low weight babies) and terminated pregnancy (miscarriage/stillbirth).The quantitative cross sectional study analyzed the 2013 national demographic and health survey (NDHS) data and surveyed 77,486 rural wome...

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in Nigeria

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in NigeriaNjaka SRN*Ebonyi State University, Nursing Science, Presco Campus Abaki Ebonyi State, Abakaliki, NigeriaAbstractThis study systematically reviewed the incidence of cancer and the challenges to its treatment in Nigeria. Critical and in depth review of the studies available on the condition was done with the aim of identifying the status of cancer in Nigeria and challenges to treatment. The basic finding was t...

Cross-sectional Study on Knowledge and Practice of Instrument Sterilization Amongst Barbers Around Fresco Campus of Ebonyi State University Abakaliki

Cross- sectional study on knowledge and practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers around Fresco campus of Ebonyi state University Abakaliki,ABSTRACT Barber’s shop is a source of infections agents both blood borne and other infestation and the sure way to prevent this is through instrument sterilization after each customer. The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge and the practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers at Presco campus. Descri...

Knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume Delta State Nigeria

Background: Vasectomy is a simple effective and safe surgical procedure for permanent male fertility control. However, high acceptance rates of vasectomy have been reported in developed countries, while low acceptance rates have been reported in developing countries like Nigeria.  Objective: This study was designed to investigate the knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume, Delta State Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amon...

Knowledge and Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Amongst HIV Infected And Uninfected Patients in Okwe General Hospital, Asaba: A Case-Contro

Background: Perinatal transmission of HIV/AIDS also known as Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS is the most prevalent source of pediatric HIV infection.  Objective: Therefore, this case-control study was designed to investigate the knowledge and use of antiretroviral drugs in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS amongst HIV infected and uninfected patients.  Settings: The study was carried out in Okwe General Hospital in Asaba.  Methods: A case-control study was con...

AWARENESS AND KNOWLEDGE OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS AMONG MOTHERS IN UKWUANI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, DELTA STATE

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is defined as a group of neurodevelopment disorders that are usually diagnosed in early childhood. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 192 women of reproductive age selected from three communities of Ukwuani Local Government Area. A semistructured questionnaire was administered to obtain information from respondents. Mean age of respondents was 57.9 ± 9.8 years, and 105 (54.70%) were married. More than half 108 (56.30%) of the respondents were aware of...

ASSESSING THE PREFERENCE OF ORTHODOX AND TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN MALARIA TREATMENT AMONG ENERHEN COMMUNITY MEMBERS, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

This study assessed the preference of orthodox and traditional medicine in malaria treatment among community members in Enerhen, Delta-state Nigeria. A cross-sectional study design was adopted for the study to assess 375 participants selected through systematic sampling in Enerhen community. Data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and was analyzed for descriptive statistics, chi-square and ANOVA test at p

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND USE OF NON-PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN OKWE GENERAL HOSPITAL ASABA DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

Aim: The study was aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude and use of non-prescription drug among pregnant women in Okwe General Hospital Asaba in Delta State. Study Design: The study was a descriptive cross sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Okwe General Hospital Asaba in Delta State, Nigeria. The study was conducted between June to July 2015 Methodology: A semi-structured questionnaire was used and administered to 103 randomly selected pregnant women at Okwe General Hospital ...

Prevalence of neonatal jaundice in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of neonatal jaundice among newborn babies in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State was studied between January 2007 and May 2013. A total of 2,509 neonatal case folders were reviewed to determine the prevalence, pattern of occurrence, and associated risk factors of neonatal jaundice among the newborn babies aged between 1 and 28 days. Neonatal jaundice accounted for a total prevalence of 52. 6 in 1000 of the total number of cases reviewed.  There was significan...

The Role of Mobile Phones in Spread of Pathogenic Bacteria among Food Vendors and Vended Food Sold In Lagos State

Abstract  Food vendors are important in every socio-economic sector in developing countries, providing ready-to-eat food to the populace and in the process, they transmit pathogenic organisms to the food being sold. However, a very important but neglected source of these pathogenic bacteria is the phone handled by the food vendors.This study is aimed to ascertain if the phone handled by the food vendor could be a potential source of dissemination pathogenic bacteria to the vended food ...

Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis and water contact activities as risk factor in Wowyen community

This study assessed the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis and water contact activities as associated risk factor in Wowyen community. A total of 620 subjects comprising of 300 male and 320 female subjects were analyzed. The prevalence was achieved by standard urine filtration technique. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired t-test was carried out using software SPSS Statistical version 20. The result confirmed an overall (37.91%) prevalence of infection. On the trait of ages, di...

THE IMPACT OF HOMELESSNESS AMONG YOUTH IN UNITED KINGDOM

ABSTRACTHomelessness among youth in the UK is increasingly disturbing, with an estimatedannual increase of 10% of the homeless people. It was revealed that homelesspeople are more likely to die young, with an average age of death of 47 years. Theyoung adult suffering from it remains the worse hit. Homelessness increases the riskof having mental health problems and encountering barriers to social well-being dueto stigmitisation. Factors contributing to the development of homelessness werehighl...

Knowledge on the health implications of skipping breakfast and the attitude towards the intake of breakfast among undergraduates in babcock universit

Abstract:Breakfast is the most important food in the morning, but often missed and skipped by students. The major objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the breakfast habits on undergraduate students with special reference to Babcock University. Similarly, the study was to find out the breakfast food intake patterns of students and its impacts on their academic performance. The nature of the study was quantitative in nature and Population was the ...


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