Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

An Investigation Into The Problems Faced In Construction Project Completion: Case Of Department Of Public Works Midlands Province

ABSTRACT Delay is one of the major problems in Zimbabwe construction industry. Delays lead to many negative effects such as disputes between clients and contractors, increased cost, loss of productivity and revenue and termination of contract. The aim of this research was to investigate the challenges faced in construction project completions and find ways to minimize the project delays. A case study method was adopted for this research through primary data and secondary data. The d...

Factors Accounting For The Failure To Achieve Eradication Of Guinea Worm In The Tamale Municipality

ABSTRACT Factors Accounting For The Failure To Achieve Eradication O f Guinea Worm In The Tamale Municipality. The Guinea Worm Eradication Programme (GWEP) began in Tamale Municipality 1989 with the objective o f eradicating the disease in five years or by 1994. This could not be achieved. Further extension o f the program for 2 years was disrupted by an ethnic conflict. Even further extension to the end o f the millennium, year 2000, failed to yield the desired results. The problem of...

Assessment Of The Compliance Of Private Health Care Providers To Guidelines For Antiretroviral Therapy In The Management Of Hiv And Aids Patients In Windhoek, Namibia

ABSTRACT Since the identification of the first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case, developments have been underway to find treatment for the virus. Antiretroviral agents, especially when used in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens, have produced dramatic decreases in morbidity and mortality of HIV infected people and has made HIV a potentially treatable chronic disease. The success of HAART depends on the correct combination of drugs and on adherence to the treatm...

The Magnitude And Determinants Of Teenage Pregnancy In The Cape Coast Municipality

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of teenage pregnancy and identify the factors that contribute to teenage pregnancy in the Cape Coast municipality. Women in the fertile age group (WIFA) who were obviously pregnant and those who had delivered within the last year (April 1996-April 1997) were enumerated through a household survey. Three hundred and two households were surveyed in 21 randomly selected communities based on the population size of the four sub...

The Youth, Safer Sex Behaviour And HIV/AIDS Prevention: A Case Study Of Agogo

Abstract The HIV/AIDS pandemic continue to spread in Sub Saharan Africa and Ghana is no exception, 2001 estimates of prevalence from sentinel centres across the country suggest between 3 to 4 percent. This study was conducted in Agogo, in the Ashanti Akim North District of Ghana. It is a qualitative descriptive study that set out to describe the youth and the environment they live in, document what safer sex and HIV/AIDS prevention information the youth have, describe what safer sex...

The Prevalence Rate Of Anaemia In Pregnant Women who Report at the University Hospital, Legon for Antenatal Care

INTRODUCTION World Health Organization (WHO) defines anaemia in pregnancy as a hemoglobin concentration below 11g/dL of blood1. Anemia is a medical condition caused by an abnormally low number of red blood cells. Red blood cells, also called erythrocytes, contain haemoglobin, a red, iron-rich protein that carries oxygen in the blood to the body’s tissues. Anaemia in pregnancy can be due to genetic factors, vitamin deficiencies, or infections including malaria and hookworm infestat...

The Incidence Of Vehicular Accidents In Ledzokuku Krowor Municipal Assembly (Lekma).

INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the background information of the study, followed by general overview of the objectives, problem statement, aims and specific objectives, research questions and justification of the study. BACKGROUND Vehicular accident is an inadvertent and unanticipated event usually resulting in injury or property damage. (Encarta, 2002). Vehicular accident in this country has become one of the growing concerns to most Ghanaians in recent times. This is a...

Assessing the RTA Reported Cases In Pentecost Hospital, Madina

Introduction  This chapter discusses the overview of the study that includes background of the study, problem statement, Significance of the study, Research questions and Objectives of the study. Background of Study Road vehicular accidents (RVA) are being recognized as one of the important public health challenges at the dawn of the new century. Intentional and unintentional injuries kill and maim people, often destroy families, and devastate communities. (Huston et al....

The Epidemiology of Silicotic Cases of Recorded at Gold Fields Ghana Limited Hospital, Tarkwa From January 1973 to December 1996.

ABSTRACTThe annual distribution, distribution by place of work and by an occupational group of all the silicotic cases recorded at Gold Fields Ghana Limited (GGL) Hospital, Tarkwa from 1973 to 1996 were analysed. The trends of annual incidence rates of silicosis among GGL workers as a whole and separately among GGL underground workers and GGL surface workers were also analysed for the period. Data was obtained from GGL Hospital periodic reports and GGL Personnel Department records. Safe...

A Community-Based Study of Factors Contributing to The Delayed Arrival of Women With Pregnancy Related Complications to Health Care Facilities in The Assin District of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study is a community-based study to determine the factors contributing to the delayed arrival of women with pregnancy-related complication to the health facilities in the Assin District of Ghana. The women with pregnancy-related complications in the district often arrive at the health facilities in the district so late, that this makes the outcome of the management poor with resultant high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The study aimed at finding the facto...

A Community-Based Study of Factors Contributing To the Delayed Arrival of Women With Pregnancy-Related Complications to Health Care Facilities In the Assin District of Ghana

ABSTRACTThe study is a community-based study to determine the factors contributing to the delayed arrival of women with pregnancy-related complication to the health facilities in the Assin District of Ghana. The women with pregnancy-related complications in the district often arrive at the health facilities in the district so late, that this makes the outcome of the management poor with resultant high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.The study aimed at finding the factors which ...

Cutaneous Ulcers in Primary School Children in The South Tongu District of Volta Region

AbstractBACKGROUND OF STUDY AREA The South Tongu District is one of the twelve districts in the Volta Region of Ghana. The district lies in the southern section of the region. It is bounded on the north by the North Tongu District, on the east by the Akatsi District, on the South by the Keta District, all in the Volta Region and on the west by the Dangbe East District in the Greater Accra Region. The total land area occupied by the district is approximately 400 square kilometres. The ...

Development of a Personal Health Record System

ABSTRACT In an era where many advancements and accomplishments in information technology over the past decades has been tremendous, health and healthcare delivery has not been left out; quite a number of diverse forms of Electronic Information Systems have been designed and implemented in different institutions and countries. The field of health care has been transformed globally as a result of Information and communication technology (ICT). The need of a system that can aid individual...

FACTORS INFLUENCING PARENTAL DECISIONS ON ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY AMONG RURAL AND URBAN-BASED PARENTS OR GUARDIANS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Adolescent pregnancy is an important public health problem on the increase in Nigeria. Few studies have investigated the circumstances and factors associated with parental decisions taken following an adolescent pregnancy, in spite of the implications of these on the adolescent. This study was designed to assess factors influencing parents‟/guardians‟ decisions on adolescent pregnancy. A mixed method study involving the use of Key Informant Interviews (KII) and semi-structu...

Risk Factors Predisposing Type 2 Diabetics to Genitourinary Complications in Select Health Facilities SELECTED HEALTH FACILITIES IN IMO STATE

ABSTRACT Diabetes is a chronic disease that leads to high morbidity and mortality resulting from the complications that develop during its clinical course. Genitourinary complications being one of the complications of diabetes occur when the genital and urinary organs no longer function properly. This study aimed at determing risk factors of genitourinary complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study was carried out to determine risk factors...


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