Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

A SURVEY OF MALARIA PARASITE AND ITS EFFECT ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN (A case study of maiduguri metropolitan council).

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYMalaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite, plasmodium which infects red blood cells. Historical records suggest that malaria has infected human since the beginning of mankind. The name “mal aria” (Meaning bad air in Italian) was first used in English in 1740 by H. Walpole when describing the disease. The term was shortened to malaria in 20 century. Laveran; in 1880 was the first to identify parasites in human blood. In 1889, Ross discovered that mosquito...

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients Towards the Privacy and Confidentiality of Their Health Information Attending the Medical Outpatient (MOP)

INTRODUCTION1.1      Background to the StudyPeople generally assume all communications between them and their doctor or other health professionals will remain private ,and the law generally reflects this expectations .If it were not so, some people might feel reluctant to seek medical treatment, patients may be less honest in describing their ailments , patients may give inaccurate or incomplete information in their medical histories, ask their physician not to record embarrassing informat...

Effect of Improper Documentation of Health Records

ABSTRACTDocumentation in medical record is the basis for communication between health professionals which inform the care provided, the treatment rendered, care planned and the outcome of that care as a continuous and existing record. Health information documentation is a document about healthcare services that is provided to an individual patient. If documentation doesn’t give a clear presentation of a patient’s history, it is termed improper documentation. Thus, this study aims to deter...

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei - INFECTED MICE

                     ABSTRACT Malaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrat...

Effect of Culture on Family Planning among Women of Child Bearing Age in Oloku Community

ABSTRACTContraception play an important role in the life of men and women and is viewed in the wider work context of sexual and reproductive health.Family planning is the arrangement, spacing and limited wishes and socio - circumstance of the parents. But due to their culture, people of Oloku do not always agree to family planning method.The reason for this work was to collect information relevant to the aim of study.Know factors which hinder knowledge and support of family planning, c...

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei- INFECTED MICE

ABSTRACTMalaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, and grower mash) compounded diets for eight weeks prior to infection. All the experimental mice were infected with plasmodium berghei. ...

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF MALARIA ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of human beings and other animals caused by protists (a type of micro-organism) of the genus Plasmodium. It begins with a bite from an infected female Anopheles mosquito which introduces the protists (sporozoites) through saliva into the circulatory system in the blood; the protists travel to the liver to mature and reproduce (Anyanwu, 2009).           The malaria parasite, Plasmodium is trans...

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN EFURUN MARKET, UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT. DELTA STATE.

AbstractPoor market sanitation is a serious problem that has contributed to the spread of infectious diseases and environmental degradation in Nigeria.The study evaluated the level of awareness and practice of solid waste management and problem of waste disposal and managementin Effurun market, a leading food stuff market in Uvwie LGA of Delta state. It reviewed some of the formal and informal waste management programmes implemented in the time past and what led to their failure while ...

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE HEALTH OF ON-CAMPUS MALE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACTThe study was designed to determine the health implications of substance abuse among the on-campus male students of the University of Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design which comprises 320 on-campus male students of the University of Calabar. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. The instrument for data collection was a self developed validated structured questionnaire with reliability of 0.89. Data generate...

Attitude of men towards birth spacing in Nigeria

ABSTRACTBirth spacing is one of the major aspects of reproductive health which contributes to the increase or decrease of mortality related to women and children. Existing researches on birth spacing have revealed that short birth interval has implications on mothers and their children. However, adequate attention has not been given to men’s involvement in birth spacing. This study examined the relationship between characteristics of men aged 15-49 years who are in union and their preferred...

FACTORS AFFECTING THE UTILIZATION OF FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES BY MARRIED WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN CALABAR MUNICIPALITY, CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the factors affecting the utilization of family planning services by married women in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. Three specific objectives, three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted .Simple random sampling technique was use to select three wards in calabar municipality and systematic sampling technique was use to select the eligible household. S...

DETERMINANTS OF PREGNANCY OUTCOMES AMONG WOMEN IN NIGERIAN RURAL AREAS

ABSTRACTPregnancy outcome is a strong indicator of maternal vulnerability. ICPD (1994) stated that every childbirth and delivery should be healthy. The study examined the determinants of pregnancy outcome among rural women in Nigeria. Pregnancy outcomes considered include live birth (low weight babies) and terminated pregnancy (miscarriage/stillbirth).The quantitative cross sectional study analyzed the 2013 national demographic and health survey (NDHS) data and surveyed 77,486 rural wome...

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in Nigeria

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in NigeriaNjaka SRN*Ebonyi State University, Nursing Science, Presco Campus Abaki Ebonyi State, Abakaliki, NigeriaAbstractThis study systematically reviewed the incidence of cancer and the challenges to its treatment in Nigeria. Critical and in depth review of the studies available on the condition was done with the aim of identifying the status of cancer in Nigeria and challenges to treatment. The basic finding was t...

Cross-sectional Study on Knowledge and Practice of Instrument Sterilization Amongst Barbers Around Fresco Campus of Ebonyi State University Abakaliki

Cross- sectional study on knowledge and practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers around Fresco campus of Ebonyi state University Abakaliki,ABSTRACT Barber’s shop is a source of infections agents both blood borne and other infestation and the sure way to prevent this is through instrument sterilization after each customer. The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge and the practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers at Presco campus. Descri...

Knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume Delta State Nigeria

Background: Vasectomy is a simple effective and safe surgical procedure for permanent male fertility control. However, high acceptance rates of vasectomy have been reported in developed countries, while low acceptance rates have been reported in developing countries like Nigeria.  Objective: This study was designed to investigate the knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume, Delta State Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amon...

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