Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Adherence to Infection Prevention Standard Precautions Among Health Care Workers in Embu Level 5 Hospital, Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids and non-intact skin. An effective Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) program is fundamental to quality health care. This is because it has the potential benefits of reducing disease burden on health care workers, patients, health institutions and the nation as a whole. This study was conducted with the main obj...

Bioterrorism and it's Public Health Implications

This paper is aimed at creating awareness among health professionals including health educators on the dangers posed by bioterrorism to public health and how the health care and education system could be used to avert a bioterrorist attack or mitigate the effect in the face of an attack. Biological terrorism otherwise called bioterrorism has been noted to be more likely than ever before and far more threatening than either explosives or chemicals. Biological weapon could be used by terrorist ...

Insurgency, IDPs and Public Heath Implications

Conflicts are considered a major barrier to social, political and quality health services in Africa; between 2000 to 2017, the number of internally displaced persons rose by over 10 million (Martin, 2018). At least about two-thirds of the countries in Africa have experienced conflict leading to the displacement of millions of people (Burke et al., 2019). As stated in the report of the Geneva based internally displacement Monitoring Centre, approximately 33.3 million displaced persons are foun...

Knowledge and Use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu Local Government Area, Lagos State.

AbstractThis study determines the level of knowledge of farmers on contamination mechanisms by pesticides, health problems associated with, related to pesticides exposure, to describe the practices and patterns of use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu LGA and to find out if farmers need training on safety and use of pesticides. The technique of Multi stage sampling was used to obtain data for this study in Ikorodu, LGA. The Ikorodu LGA is divided geographically into five L...

AVIAN INFLUENZA H7N9: A POTENTIAL PANDEMIC THREAT

SUMMARYAvian influenza H7N9 virus is a single stranded, negative sense, enveloped and segmented RNA virus that belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family. This virus first appeared in march 2013 and it models a pandemic threat to man because of the segmented nature of its genome which makes the virus prone to mutations. This virus if not properly managed may acquire the gene for sustained human to human transmission and pandemic, hence close monitoring and surveillance of the virus is imperative....

Cutaneous mycoses

Cutaneous mycoses infections of the skin, hair, or nails are recurring presentations in the geriatric primary care setting. The most common infections are those caused by dermatophytes. The genus Trichophyton gives rise to most of the tinea dermatophytoses, including tinea capitis, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium (cutaneousmycoses). Part of the diagnostic challenge lies in distinguishing the mycotic lesions from those caused by cutaneous diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, dyshidrosis, a...

Family Planning and birth Control

Introduction Family planning is the information, means and methods that allow individuals to decide if and when to have children(UNFPA,2019). This includes a wide range of contraceptives – including pills, implants, intrauterine devices, surgical procedures that limit fertility, and barrier methods such as condoms – as well as non-invasive methods such as the calendar method and abstinence. Family planning also includes information about how to become pregnant when it is desirable, ...

Biological hazards

                                                             Abstract Biological hazards remain a source of challenge to the health services and to health service occupational health practitioners. The scale of the problem is truly staggering.  Recent developments include new guidance from the WHO department of hepatitis B infected healthcare workers and evidence of the value of antiviral treatment in reducing transmissi...

TOXIN ASSOCIATED WITH DIARRHEAL DISEASES

INTRODUCTION Toxins are poisonous substances produced within living cells or organisms and can include various classes of small molecules or proteins that cause disease on contact. The severity and type of diseases caused by toxins can range from minor effects to deadly effects. The organisms which are capable of producing toxins include bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants. Some of the major types of toxins include, but are not limited to, environmental, marine, and microbial toxin...

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Malaria On Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic At Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba Abia State

ABSTRACTThis topic focus on the evaluation of the effects of malaria on pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at abia state university teaching hospital, aba abia state  Malaria in pregnancy (MIP) is a major public health problem in endemic countries. There is a wealth of evidence showing that the risk of malaria (both infection and clinical disease) is higher risk of malaria, this review provides an update on knowledge acquired since 2000 on P. falciparum and P. vivax  inf...

The influx of pornographic materials and its consequences on youth

This seminar paper examines the influx of pornographic materials and its effect on youths. Two major and broad factors responsible for the widespread of pornography are identified and fully examined. These include the technological and sexual revolutions. While the former facilitated the ease with which pornography could be accessed, the latter liberalized the attitude toward pornography. How these were full...

Occupational Hazards of oil exploration in Nigeria

  ABSTRACT This seminar work is concerned with occupational hazard of oil exploration in Nigeria. The necessity of the study is akin to the incessant hazards that are witnessed in industrial sector especially in oil and gas industry where the level of hazards is high because of offshore environment of the oil explora...