Research Papers/Topics in Chemistry

Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of African peach (Sacocefalus latifolius)

AbstractThis study includes phytochemical screening, quantification of secondary metabolites, thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and antimicrobial assay of African peach (Sarcocephalus latifolius). The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloid, flavonoid and saponin at various quantities with saponin more abundant amongst others like tannin, glycoside and phenols that are present. All the extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity with ethanol extract and water...

Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of Lavandula angustifolia

Abstract: This present study deals with the quantitative and qualitative phytochemical screening, the antimicrobial properties and thin layer chromatography of Lavandulaangustifolia leaves extracts. These were achieved using the cold maceration method of extraction involving hexane, water (aqueous) and ethanol, to ensure that a wide polarity range of components are extracted. Alkaloid, phenol, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, glycosides and steroids were observed present in the leaves extra...

Quantum chemical calculations on SiF4 and it's protonated analogues

Abstract: For every heteronuclear molecule, protonation can occur at more than one site thus giving rise to more than one proton affinity. Experimentally, only one proton affinity (PA) value is reported for a molecule and the experiment does not specify the site for the protonation. In the present work, quantum chemical calculations are carried out on SiF4 and its possible protonated analogues (HF4Si+ and HSiF4+) by employing several computational chemistry methods in...

Kinetic studies of the biosorption of lead and zinc from solution using tea fibre

Abstract: This paper presents a biobsorption study on Zn and Pb(II) from dilute aqueous solution using tea fiber as the biosorbent. The biosorption study was carried out as a function of contact time, initial metal ion concentration and biosorbent dosage. The residual Zn and Pb(II) in solution were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The biosorption was also time dependent as maximum biosorption was obtained after 10 and 20 min, for both lead and zinc respectively. Kine...

Medicinal Chemistry Comparative Phytochemical Screening on Three Growth Stages of Pennisetum Pedicellatum Trin

A comparative preliminary study on the extraction and phytochemical profile of methanolic extracts of the leave, stem and root of pennisetum pedicellatum Trin at three growth stages (i.e stage 1, stage 2, stage 3) was carried out. The extracts were analysed to determine the presence of phytochemicals in the plant. The study revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and steroids. Tanins were found only in the stems of the plants and steroids were found only in the leaves....

Studies on heavy metals contents of Osun River at the pre-urban settlement and across Osogbo City, Nigeria

Heavy metals were analysed in Osun River (Nigeria) between 2017 and 2018. Concentrations of the heavy metals were in the increasing order: Fe > Zn > Cu > Mn > Pb > (Ni, Cr) > (Cd, Co). Iron made up 76% of the total heavy metals measured. Activities at Swanlux Farm (a major oil palm farm) seemed to impart on Osun River as the highest Fe concentration (2.55 mg/L) was measured near the farm. In the urban settlement, average zinc concentration was almost double (0.37 mg/L) of that found i...

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ISOLATION OF COMPONENTS OF STEM-BARK OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM ALBIDUM (G.Don)

Chrysophyllum albidum (Sapotaceae) is known to possess bioactive compounds belonging to important phytochemical groups. This work aims at exploring the bioactive constituents of the stem-bark of Chrysophyllum albidum, and further investigating their phytochemical compositions. Stem bark of Chrysophyllum albidum was collected, dried, powdered and extracted with hexane for 13 hours using soxhlet extraction. This was concentrated using a rotary evaporator. Phytochemical screenings of the ext...

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