Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

Bactericidal Activities of Hibiscus Sabdarifa Leave Extract

Microbiological  tests  revealed  that  Hibiscus  sabdariffa  plant  extract  has  antibacterial properties  thus  verifying  folklore  medicine  in  the  treatment  of  abscesses,  bilious  conditions, cough,  dysuria  and  scurvy  (Morton,  1987;  Perry,  1980  Ross,  2003).  The  extraction  type  of aqueous  generally  had  the  same  potency  with  cold  extracts  having  a  slightly  better antimicrobial  activity  than  hot  aqueous  ex...

Characterising Growth Behaviour of Yeast Strains Isolated from Mango Fruit in Carbon, Nitrogen and Stress Environments

ABSTRACTThe present experiment aims at investigating the growth behaviour of different yeast strains inselected carbon, nitrogen and stress environment to obtain strains with prospects for industrialapplication.   Specifically,   the   study   is   set   to:   isolate   yeast   from   decaying   mango   fruit   anddetermine growth performance of yeast strains in different environments, carbon, nitrogen andstressors. The procedure adopted in the study uses different y...

ANTIBACTERIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF STEM BARK EXTRACT OF Mangifera indica (Linnaeus)

ABSTRACTIn African folk medicine, water infusion of Mangifera indica stem bark are highly valued in thelocal treatment of malaria fever, diarrohea, diabetes mellitus and liver diseases. Various part ofthis   plant   can  also  be   used   in  treatment   of   toothache,  dysentery,  anemia,   hypertension   andinsomnia in different parts of the world. This study was described to determine ...

INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED HOSPITALS

ABSTRACTHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a meticulous factor of liver disease and one of the most important health issues worldwide. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver produced by autoimmune disease, alcohol or drug abuse, genetic disorder or microbial infection. To detect the presence; prevalence; incidence; and the relationship between the different risk factors of hepatitis C among patients in Ilorin. This study reports on the occurrence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antibodies among ...

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES ON THE PHENOTYPE, NUTRITIONAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PLEUROTUS PULMONARIUS

                                                                              ABSTRACTMushroom has been an important food to man for millennia. Several species of Pleurotus has been cultivated successfully on different substrates including Palm bunch, Saw dust and Corn cob. Pleurotus pulmonarius has a...

Antimicrobial activities of selected plants (bitterleaf, utazi, and bitterkola leaf)extracts against fish pathogenic bacteria

Aquaculture has been a growing activity for the last 20 years worldwide and this impressive development has been attended by some practices potentially damaging to animal health. The bacterial infections are considered the major cause of mortality in aquaculture. Among the common fish pathogens, A. hydrophila and Y. ruckeri as gram-negative and S. agalactiae, L. garvieae and E. faecalis as grampositive bacteria cause infectious diseases.

The antibacterial producing properties of Actinomycetes

ABSTRACTThe antibacterial producing properties of Actinomycetes were carried out using soil samples collected from different locations at Osun State University, Osogbo, main campus. The soil samples were collected from twelve (12) diffeferent locations within the study site. The samples were cultured aseptically by inoculating each samples on Starch Casein agar and incubated at 30oC. Identification and characterization were carried out by morphology, microscopic and biochemical tests. The pro...

MICROBIAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF LOCALLY PRODUCED KUNU SOLD AT TANKE AREA OF ILORIN METROPOLIS

Nine samples of freshly prepared kunu was taken from local vendors and hawkers at Tanke area, Ilorin, Kara State and analyzed for microbial quality. The pH of the samples ranged from 2.66 to 4.06. The total bacterial count ranged from 1.5×104 to 7.4×104 cfu/ml; the total coliform count ranged from 1.0x102 to 8.0x103cfu/ml; the faecal coliform count ranged from 0 to 3.0x103cfu/ml; the total fungi count ranged from 3.2x104 to 2.7x105cfu/ml. The presence of high microbial load was an indicatio...

ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF Bacillus spp RECOVERED FROM THE HANDS OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE.

ABSTRACTThe human hands harbour microorganisms both as part of a person’s normal microbial flora as well as transient microbes acquired from the environment. This study was carried out to isolate and identify Bacillus spp that are associated with the hands of apparently healthy female undergraduate students in Obafemi Awolowo University. The samples were collected using sterile swab sticks dampened into sterile 0.85% normal saline and processed immediately in the laboratory. The isolates we...

Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Effect of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) Leaves Extract on Some Bacteria Isolated from Spoilt Nunu Milk.

ABSTRACTThis study was carried to with the aim of determining the antibacterial effect of Calotropis procera against some bacteria isolated spoilt nunu. Bacteria isolated from spoilt nunu were identified based on their Gram characteristics, morphology and biochemical characteristics. Calotropis procera was extracted using ethanol, methanol and distilled water. The ethanol and methanol extracts showed the presence of Saponins, Steroids, Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Tannins, Alkaloids, and Cardiac g...

ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF Emericella nidulans AGAINST SELECTED PATHOGENS

ABSTRACT Endophytic microorganisms have proven to be potential sources of antimicrobials against recalcitrant pathogens. Extracts of an endophytic fungus, Emericella nidulans  exhibited antibacterial  activity  against  selected  pathogens.  Emericella  nidulans  was  cultivated  in broth and fermented at 28 ± 2°C for 7days and 21 days to obtain bioactive components. Solvents extraction of bioactive compounds from Emericella nidulans in the ...

PREVALENCE OF METHICILLINE RESISTANCE Staphylococcus aureus FROM THE GASTRO ORIGINAL

Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli from the surface of cockroaches found in the university of Lagos

The Antimicrobial properties and phytochemicals analysis of Basella alba Linn and Talinum trangulaire against some bacteria and fungi

Medicinal plants have provided a source of inspiration for novel drugs compounds since plant derived medicines have made large contributions to human health. The traditional healers make use of water primarily as solvent but extracts of these plants were certainly much better and powerful. This may be due to the better solubility of the active components in organic solvents (Umadevi, 2011).The phytochemical component of the ethanolic extracts of Basella alba leaf revealed the presence of tann...

Plant promoting growth of bacillus

Studies of plant promoting growth of bacillus it has been shown that bacillus methylothropicus enhance the growth of varies plant such capsicum annum 

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