PROXIMATE AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AFRICAN ELEMI NUTS

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ABSTRACT

The proximate compositions of African elemi nut were investigated by analyzing the moisture content, crude fat, ash content, crude fibre, crude protein and total carbohydrates in the nut. The associations of official analytical chemist (AOAC, 2000) methods were used. The values obtained from the proximate analysis were; moisture content (28.79%), ash (3.41%), crude fiber (2.84%), fat (30.42%), protein (8.40%), carbohydrate (26.14%). The GC-MS characterization revealed that the plant is packed with over 20 biological active compounds; like fatty acids, esters, ethers, alcohols and carboxylic compounds. The IR result certified the presence of the (alcohol, fatty acid, ester, ether and carboxylic) functional groups which were shown in the GC-MS characterization  The results suggest that the nut of African elemi can serve as a good source of essential nutrients for human and livestock. In addition, the nut is packed with bioactive compounds that are good for industrial purposes.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                             i     

Approval page                                       ii    

Dedication                                            iii

Acknowledgement                                    iv

Abstract                                               v

Table of contents                                     vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  Introduction                                    

1.1  Statement of the problem                    

1.2  Aim and Objectives of the study               

1.3  Significance of the study                      

1.4  Scope of the study                      

1.5  Definition of the Terms

1.5.1       Proximate Analysis

       1.5.2       Biological Active Compounds

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0  Literature Review                              

2.1  Introduction                                    

2.2  Traditional Uses of African Elemi

2.3  Phytoconstituents of African Elemi

2.4  Pharmacological Profile of African Elemi

2.5  Growth Promoting Activity

2.6  Termiticidal Activity of African Elemi

2.7  Industrial Uses of African Elemi

2.8  Health Benefit of Nuts

2.8.1       Improved Immunity

2.8.2       Optimize Digestion

2.8.3       Protect Heart Health

       2.8.4       Strengthen Bone

       2.8.5       Prevent Chronic Disease

       2.8.6       Stimulate Growth and Development

       2.8.7       Lower Diabetes Risk

       2.8.8       Cognitive Activity

       2.8.9       Reduce Inflammation

       2.8.10     Lower Anxiety

CHAPTER THREE

3.0  Experimental Design

3.1  Materials

3.1.1       Reagents

3.1.2       Apparatus/Equipment

3.2  Sample Collection

3.3  Methods

3.3.1       Sample Preparation

3.3.2       Proximate Analysis 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0  Results

4.1  Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0  Conclusion and Recommendations                          

5.1  Conclusion                                  

5.2  Recommendations             

       References                                       

       Appendix                                         

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APA

UZOAMAKA, I. (2019). PROXIMATE AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AFRICAN ELEMI NUTS. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/proximate-and-chemical-characterization-of-african-elemi-nuts

MLA 8th

UZOAMAKA, IBEBUNJO "PROXIMATE AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AFRICAN ELEMI NUTS" Afribary. Afribary, 21 Oct. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/proximate-and-chemical-characterization-of-african-elemi-nuts. Accessed 31 Jul. 2021.

MLA7

UZOAMAKA, IBEBUNJO . "PROXIMATE AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AFRICAN ELEMI NUTS". Afribary, Afribary, 21 Oct. 2019. Web. 31 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/proximate-and-chemical-characterization-of-african-elemi-nuts >.

Chicago

UZOAMAKA, IBEBUNJO . "PROXIMATE AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AFRICAN ELEMI NUTS" Afribary (2019). Accessed July 31, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/proximate-and-chemical-characterization-of-african-elemi-nuts