Research Papers/Topics in Human Nutrition

Effect Of Iodine Exposure On Blood Pressure Among Female Children And Women In Kathonzweni, Makueni, Kenya

ABSTRACTHigh or raised blood pressure (HBP) is a global public health issue and a major cardiovascular risk factor. While the Kenya StepWise survey of 2015 confirmed that more than half (56%) of Kenyans have never been screened for BP, renewed interests in hypertension in children and adolescents has resulted from the recognition that its presence in adults often has its roots at a younger age. It is also still controversial whether mild thyroid dysfunction affects BP. To understand if iodine...

Assessment Of Iron, Vitamin A And Anthropometric Status Of Pregnant Women In Nsukka Local government Area Of Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe assessment of iron, vitamin A and anthropometric status of pregnant women inurban and rural communities in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State,Nigeria was undertaken. Selection of the respondents was by random samplingmethod. The respondents comprised of 129 pregnant women resident in Nsukkaurban and 257 pregnant women resident in Ede-Oballa and Okpuje (rural)communities. Instruments used for data collection were questionnaire, anthropometricmeasurements, biochemica...

Modified Traditional Cowpea Leaf Vegetable Preparation Methods For Enhancing Carotenoid Retention And Iron Bioavailability

ABSTRACT Consumption of vegetables is the most sustainable way of reducing and controlling micronutrient deficiencies in resource-poor communities. However, not much has been documented about standard recipes that are of high nutritional quality in terms of minerals and vitamins. The aim of this study was to modify traditional cowpea leaf vegetable preparation methods to enhance carotenoid retention and iron bioavailability. Modification principles included reducing cooking time, additi...

Determinants Of Feeding Knowledge And Practices Among Infants Born Of Hiv Positive Female Sex Worker Mothers Sex Worker Outreach Programme Clinic

ABSTRACT Feeding of infants is determined by many things which including the nature of work done by the mother. Sex worker outreach Programme (SWOP) is a clinic that caters for medical needs of the women selling sex in Kenya. The legal standing of sex work in Kenya means that sex workers are often marginalized and unable to make a meaningful income from the same. Consequently, they often have little resources available to them as savings. This means they often engage in sex work when pr...

Determinants Of Non-Compliance To Iron Folic Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy. A Case Study Of Nyeri County, Kenya

In the World, a deficiency of iron is the most common nutrition disorder affecting more than 30% of the global populace more so children and women. Countries in the developing world are working in programs  on implementing the Iron and folic acid supplementation although the effectiveness of curbing anemia is usually affected by noncompliance to iron and folic acid  supplements by women who are pregnant.  In Nyeri County, anemia among pregnant women has continued to rise....

Assessment Of Vitamin A Routine Supplementation And Diet Rich In Vitamin A On Nutrition Status In Underfive Years Of Aged In Wajir East Sub-County

ABSTRACT The deficiency of Vitamin A increases child vulnerability to stunting whose effects are permanent if not managed early and spilling over into adulthood. The study aimed to measure the outcome of vitamin A routine supplement and diet rich in vitamin A on morbidity and nutrition status (stunting) in under-fives months children in Wajir East Sub-County. The study design was descriptive cross-sectional survey. The target population was children under-fives months and the sample siz...

Assessment Of Anthropometric, Dietary Pattern And Micronutrient Status Of School Children Aged 6 – 15 Years In Ede-Oballa, Nsukka L.G.A., Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Reduction in the under-five morbidity and mortality rates as a result of improved nutrition and health care services has increased the number of school going children. Assessment of the school child’s nutritional status becomes imperative in ensuring that the gains are sustained so that they can benefit maximally from education. This work assessed the anthropometric, dietary pattern and micronutrient status of school children aged 6 – 15 years in a rural community of Enugu ...

Effect Of Maternal Nutrition Knowledge And Nutritional Status On Pregnancy Outcome In Rural And Urban Areas Of Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study was to assess the effect of maternal nutrition knowledge and nutritional status on pregnancy outcome in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to describe the general characteristics of pregnant women in rural and urban areas of Ebonyi State, to assess the nutrition knowledge of the respondents; assess their dietary practices and their perception of the effect of poor nutrition on pregnancy outcome in rural and urban areas of Ebonyi...

Consumer Preference And Acceptability For Sweet Potato Varieties In The Lake Zone Of Tanzania

ABSTRACT The study was carried out to evaluate consumer preference and acceptability for sweet potato in the Lake Zone. Genetic yield, farmers and consumers preference, sensory acceptability, effect of processing methods on nutritional qualities and marketing channels of sweet potato were evaluated using six sweet potato varieties; two white and four orangefleshed local and new introduced cultivars. Results showed that there were several sweet potato varieties grown in the area mostly la...

Factors Influencing Food Security, Adequate Care And Environmental Quality In The Context Of Climate Change In Rudewa-Mbuyuni, Kilosa District

ABSTRACTUnder-nutrition is a multifaceted problem and of recent, climate change-related factors are suspected as additional frustration to intervention efforts. A cross sectional study was conducted to determine factors influencing food security, care and environmental quality in a changing weather pattern. Face-to-face household interviews using structured questionnaire and FGD using check lists was conducted. Nutrition status was assessed using anthropometric measur...

Modified Diets To Improve Iron, Vitamin A And Protein Intake Among Children In Banana-Based Farming Systems Of Kagera Region, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTMicronutrient and protein deficiencies are among the major public-health concerns in Tanzania. These deficiencies mainly affect children below five years of age and pregnant women. Malnutrition is a preventable problem if nutrition education and food-based approach strategies are effectively emphasised from the village to the national levels. The banana-based farming system of Kagera region of Tanzania has good edible food diversity. However, households mainly consume monotonous diets...

Modified Diets To Improve Iron, Vitamin A And Protein Intake Among Children In Banana-Based Farming Systems Of Kagera Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTMicronutrient and protein deficiencies are among the major public-health concerns in Tanzania. These deficiencies mainly affect children below five years of age and pregnant women. Malnutrition is a preventable problem if nutrition education and food-based approach strategies are effectively emphasised from the village to the national levels. The banana-based farming system of Kagera region of Tanzania has good edible food diversity. However, households mainly consume monotonous diets...

Assessment Of Diet Quality And Dietary Diversity Of Overweight And Obese Adults In Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACTObesity is a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy. It is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. This study was carried out to determine diet quality and dietary diversity among overweight and obese adults aged 40 years and above working in public and private institutions in Morogoro Municipality. A cross sectional study was conducted in which data w...

Sweet Potato-Based Complementary Food for Infants In Ghana

ABSTRACT           Background: In an effort to reduce the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition among Ghanaian infants after the period of exclusive breastfeeding when complementary food (CF) is introduced, Weanimix, which is a blend of non-dehulled maize, groundnut and non-dehulled soyabean/cowpea, was introduced in Ghana, in 1987 through collaboration between the Nutrition Division, Ministry of Health, Ghana and the United Nations ...

Adherence To A Healthy Diet And General Functional Performance Of Dutch Older Adults In The Nu-Age Dietary Intervention Study

ABSTRACT Background: A summated score is a useful way to capture the different measuring constructs of cognitive functioning, physical functioning and quality of life in healthy ageing. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that high quality diets improve general health and well-being. The NU-AGE diet quality index was developed with the aim of ensuring healthy ageing for European older adults. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to develop a ...


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