Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

Actinomycete: An Overview

ACTINOMYCETE are the most widely distributed group of micro organisms in nature which primarily inhabit the soil.(oskay)

Infectious Control in the Post Antibiotic Era

AbstractThere  are  enormous  challenges  facing  infection  control  in  the  21st  century.  Countries  across the  world  are  confronted  by  ageing  populations,  restricted  healthcare  resources,  demands  for modern  medicine  and  increasing  antimicrobial  resistance.  Problem  pathogens  in  the community  are  set  to  invade  hospitals,  and  those  created  in  hospitals  are  seeding  into  the community.  Continued  consumption ...

Nanotechnology and its Place in Modern Medicine

AbstractNanotechnology is the study and application of extremely minute structures known as nanomaterials. These nanomaterials have sizes ranging from 0.1-100nm. Nanomaterials are produced using two approaches which are the bottom up approach and the top down approach and have been applied to various fields including medicine. The application of nanotechnology in medicine is known as nanomedicine. Nanomaterials such as liposomes, dendrimers, and quantum dots have been applied in disease diagn...

IVERMECTIN: AN ENDECTOCIDE

ABSTRACT   Ivermectin (IVM), a dihydro derivative of avermectin (AVM), originating solely from the fermentation products of Streptomyces avermitilis had an immeasurably beneficial impact in improving the lives and welfare of billions of people worldwide. Originally introduced as a veterinary drug, it was quickly discovered to be ideal in combating two of the world’s most devastating and disfiguring diseases; onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis (LF) which has plagued the world’s poor ...

TUNGIASIS: A NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASE

ABSTRACT Tungiasis is an ecto-parasitic disease of humans and animals caused by the burrowing of gravid female fleas of the genus ‘Tunga’. Of the known species of Tunga fleas, Tunga penetrans and Tunga trimamillata are parasites of humans besides other warm blooded mammals, most of which are peri-domestic. The host of the others is limited to a few genera of wild mammals. The burrowed female flea rapidly expands its body size, causing immense itching, inflammation, pain and debilitation. ...

NoSql data collection on comparative analysis of Archaea economic importance and other domain of life

verviewStatsCommentsCitationsReferences (29)Related research (10+) AbstractEnvironmental investigations show that the Archaea are diverse and abundant not only in extreme environments, but also in soil, oceans and freshwater, where they may exhbit a key function in the biogeochemical cycles of the planet. Archaea display unique capacities, such as methanogenesis and survival at temperatures higher than 90 °C that make them crucial for understanding the nature of the biota of early Earth. M...

NOVEL CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC TARGETS FOR THE CONTROL OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS

ABSTRACT      Schistosomiasis is a water-borne parasitic disease caused by schistosomes and transmitted by fully aquatic or amphibious freshwater snails in whose bodies the human-infective larvae, cercariae, develop. Adult schistosome worms colonise human blood vessels for years, successfully evading the immune system while excreting hundreds to thousands of eggs daily, which must either leave the body in excreta and/or urine or become trapped in nearby tissues. Trapped eggs induce a dist...

Nosocomial Infections as a Factor in the Spread of Infectious Diseases

  ABSTRACT The basic idea of healthcare facilities which is to make people well is on the verge of being defeated as a result of patients contracting infections while in healthcare settings. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by patients or healthcare workers while they are in healthcare facilities, including, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes and doctors’ waiting rooms. Infectious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasi...

Evaluation of an improved inoculation technology using Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 on peat and charcoal for the cultivation of soy bean plant

Nutrient paucity in the soil poses challenge to global production of food. The use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers to boost crop yield is a recurrent farming practice, despite their unfavourable effects and hazard to the environment and human population. This study was aimed at developing an environmental friendly, low cost inoculation technology for the cultivation of soybeans. Laboratory approach was used in the production of the biofertilizer, which started with biochemical characterizat...

Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine

ABSTRACT Forensic microbiology as an evolving field in forensic medicine, is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime through the study of microorganisms in order to determine the path of an outbreak, the identity of a criminal or the origin of a particular strain of biological weapon or contagion (Budowle et al., 2006). The involvement of microbiology in forensic medicine is known as “microbial forensics” and its processings ...

Health and Medicinal Benefits of Arugula Plant

Arugula is a collective name for a number of species of Brassicaceae with pungent leaves, but principally Eruca satia. Eruca sativa is an edible annual plan growing 20-100cm in height, leaves are deeply pinnately lobed with 4-10 small lateral lobes and commonly known as rocket salad, rucola, rugula, roquette and arugula. It is also an herb vegetable that belong to the Brassicaceae family and a native of central and southern Europe, but have also been spread to Northern America. It is typicall...

Characterisation and Sensitivity Profiles of Bacteria Isolated from Organic Waste in Kisii County

Contents DECLARATION LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ABSTRACT CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT 1.3 OBJECTIVES 1.3.1 GENERAL OBJECTIVES 1.3.2 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES 1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1.5 JUSTIFICATION CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 ORGANIC WASTE 2.2 SOURCES OF ORGANIC WASTE 2.3 FORMS OF ORGANIC WASTE 2.4 CATEGORIES OF ORGANIC WASTE 2.5 COMPOSTING PROCESS 2.6 CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIA 2.5 USES OF ORGANIC WASTE CHAPTER THREE 3.0 MATERIALS AND MET...

Pathophysiology of Ebola virus

ABSTRACT  Ebola virus, a member of the Filoviridae virus family, is still an untamed, highly lethal viral pathogen that represents a nightmare for much of central Africa, which is the site of the majority of EBOV outbreaks (Geisbert et al.2010). Unfortunately there has not been a large push in the search for a vaccine as this virus, as deadly as it is, has not impacted a large portion of the world’s population with only 2,300 reported cases of hemmorraghic fever caused by filoviruses. On a...

Lupus Outbreak in Nigeria

Systemic lupus erthematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which tissues andcells undergo damage mediated by tissue binding auto-antibodies and immune complexes(McGraw, 2005).General findings include a much higher incidence in women estimated to be up to10-12 times than in men. The highest incidence is between 15 and 44 years of  age.(Academic press, 1999)  It, therefore, means that as much as ninety percent of patientsare women of childbearing age. Incidence of SLE has been studied in g...

PRODUCTION OF INSECTICIDAL COMPOUNDS USING BACTERIA AND FUNGI

Pest and diseases have a serious effect on food production. Global crop yields are reduced by 20 to 40% annually due to impact of pests and diseases.Indiscriminate use of insecticides to combat insect challenges, have increased the selection pressure leading to resistance in insects. In such a situation, alternate options of insect control are advocated. The use of microbial insecticidal compounds offer adequate levels of insect control and pose fewer hazards.Microbial insecticidal compou...


1 - 15 Of 50 Results