Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine

ABSTRACTForensic microbiology as an evolving field in forensic medicine, is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime through the study of microorganisms in order to determine the path of an outbreak, the identity of a criminal or the origin of a particular strain of biological weapon or contagion (Budowle   et   al.,  2006).   The   involvement   of   microbiology   in   forensic   medicine &nbs...

Health and Medicinal Benefits of Arugula Plant

Arugula is a collective name for a number of species of Brassicaceae with pungent leaves, but principally Eruca satia. Eruca sativa is an edible annual plan growing 20-100cm in height, leaves are deeply pinnately lobed with 4-10 small lateral lobes and commonly known as rocket salad, rucola, rugula, roquette and arugula. It is also an herb vegetable that belong to the Brassicaceae family and a native of central and southern Europe, but have also been spread to Northern America. It is typicall...

THE BIOPHARMACEUTICAL POTENTIALS OF MUSHROOM

INTRODUCTIONWhat is a ‘Mushroom’? The term ‘mushroom’ is used here according to the definition of Chang and Miles as ‘a macrofungus with a distinctive fruiting body, which can be hypogeous or epigeous, large enough to be seen with the naked eye and to be picked by hand (Chang ST, Miles PG, 2004)."Mushroom" describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody o...

Pathophysiology of Ebola virus

ABSTRACT Ebola virus, a member of the Filoviridae virus family, is still an untamed, highly lethal viral pathogen that represents a nightmare for much of central Africa, which is the site of the majority of EBOV outbreaks (Geisbert et al.2010). Unfortunately there has not been a large push in the search for a vaccine as this virus, as deadly as it is, has not impacted a large portion of the world’s population with only 2,300 reported cases of hemmorraghic fever caused by filoviruses. O...

Lupus Outbreak in Nigeria

Systemic lupus erthematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which tissues andcells undergo damage mediated by tissue binding auto-antibodies and immune complexes(McGraw, 2005).General findings include a much higher incidence in women estimated to be up to10-12 times than in men. The highest incidence is between 15 and 44 years of  age.(Academic press, 1999)  It, therefore, means that as much as ninety percent of patientsare women of childbearing age. Incidence of SLE has been stud...

PRODUCTION OF INSECTICIDAL COMPOUNDS USING BACTERIA AND FUNGI

Pest and diseases have a serious effect on food production. Global crop yields are reduced by 20 to 40% annually due to impact of pests and diseases.Indiscriminate use of insecticides to combat insect challenges, have increased the selection pressure leading to resistance in insects. In such a situation, alternate options of insect control are advocated. The use of microbial insecticidal compounds offer adequate levels of insect control and pose fewer hazards.Microbial ins...

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGEN IN NORTH-EASTERN NIGERIA

This paper is about prevalence of Hepatitis B virus in North Eastern Nigeria.TABLE OF CONTENTSCERTIFICATION--------------------------------------------------------------IDEDICATION-----------------------------------------------------------------IIACKNOWLEDGEMENT----------------------------------------------------IIITABLE OF CONTENTS------------------------------------------------------IVCHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION-------------------------------------------------------1CHAPTER TWOLITERITURE REVIEW...

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT The most amazing feature of Earth is the existence of life, and the most extraordinary feature of life is its diversity. Human beings can coexist only with the abundance of and diversity of nature. It is widely acknowledged that biodiversity underpins ecosystem functioning and that the provisioning of ecosystem services is essential for human well-being. The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem services is not straightforward, whether more biodiversity would imply mor...

ENZYMATIC CHANGES DURING FERMENTATION AND POST FERMENTATION OF AFRICAN OIL BEAN SEED

TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTIONCHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEWCHAPTER THREEMATERIALS AND METHODS

PRODUCTION OF EDIBLE VACCINE USING BIOTECHNOLOGY

ABSTRACTEdible vaccines offer exciting possibilities for significantly reducing the burden of diseases like hepatitis and diarrhoea, particularly in developing world where storing and administering vaccines are the major problems. Edible vaccines are prepared by molecular farming using the science of genetic engineering. Selected genes are introduced into the plants. The transgenic plant is then induced to manufacture the encoded protein. Owing to its low cost, it will be suitable for develop...

MYCOTOXINS AND ITS EFFECTS

  ABSTRACTMycotoxinsare secondary metabolites of molds that have adverse effects on humans,animals, and crops that result in illnesses and economic losses. Aflatoxins,ochratoxins, trichothecenes, zearalenone, fumonisins are the mycotoxins ofgreatest agro-economic importance. Some molds are capable of producing morethan one mycotoxin and some mycotoxins are produced by more than one fungalspecies. Often more than one mycotoxin is found on a contaminated substrate.Mycotoxins...

Food poisoning

This work researches food poisoning,bacterial involved, how food poison takes place, control and treatment of food poisoning. 

Biosolids

                                                                          ABSTRACT                                      &n...


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