Technology

Research Papers/Topics in Technology

Project Management Practices And Performance Of Agricultural Projects By Community-Based Organizations In Bungoma County, Kenya

ABSRACTKenya‟s economy is heavily dependent on the performance of agriculture which provides the basis for the development of other sectors. However, the performance of many agricultural projects in Kenya is still being challenged in the sense that some projects remain stalled while others get completed late with low returns. Previous studies have dwelt on isolated cases of project management like market access in the agriculture sector, Information access using mobile and M&E in projects. ...

Larvicidal activity and phytochemical composition of crude extracts derived from Vernonia lasiopus, Vernonia auriculifera and Vernonia galamensis against the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae

ABSTRACTMalaria is one of the major parasitic diseases in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that each year, malaria causes 300 to 500 million infections and 1.5 to 3 million deaths. The disease accounts for 20% of all global childhood deaths. There are major problems of drug resistance, particularly to chloroquine which has been the mainstay of malaria treatment, especially in Africa because of its low cost and minimal side effect...

Information Communication Technology Considerations And Revenue Collection In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACTCounties in Kenya have adequate revenue based in financing their current services, but thecollection levels are often low. Thus the counties are striving to re–engineer strategiestowards improvement of revenue collections since it is their mandate to offer quality andtimely service delivery to the residents and they cannot proceed well without enoughfinances to run crucial activities. The study therefore sought to investigate InformationCommunication Technology considerations ...

Characterization Of Microhabitats Of Arboviral Mosquito Vector Larvae On Three Islands Of Lake Victoria, Kenya

ABSTRACT Mosquitoes are the primary vectors of arboviral infections. As there are no vaccines or effective therapeutic treatments for these diseases, vector control is an important approach for curbing their circulation or transmission. These vectors spend the first three of their four life stages in aquatic habitats where fitness and efficiency of adult mosquitoes to transmit arboviral infections is greatly influenced. Understanding ecology of mosquitoes in their aquatic habitats is the...

Abundance, Genetic Diversity And Symbiotic Potential Of Common Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) Nodule Associated Bacteria In Western Kenya Soils

ABSTRACTPlant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are beneficial native soil bacteria that colonize plant roots and result in increased plant growth. Those that colonise the nodules of legumes are known as nodule associated bacteria (NAB). The aim of this study was to determine the distribution and genetic diversity of NAB that colonize Phaseolus vulgaris, their abundance, and symbiotic efficiency when coinoculated with Phaseolus vulgaris in Western Kenya soils. The soil samples were collec...

In Vitro Regeneration And Transformation Of Striga Hermonthica (Delile) Benth

ABSTRACT Striga is an obligate root hemi-parasitic angiosperm that causes devastating cereal crop losses to millions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The parasite causes the greatest effects on infertile soils thereby directly affecting the lives of the poorest subsistence farmers. The parasite attaches to a host crop‘s roots, and exploits its water and nutrients leading to stunted growth and death. Several cultural control methods including; crop rotation, use of t...

Analysis Of Expresion Patterns Of Zmrcp1 And Camv35s In Plantains In Association With Nematodes Infection

ABSTRACTPlantains are among staple foods in Africa. Worldwide, Musa spp. have an annual production of 88 million tonnes. Nematodes cause significant annual yield losses to these crops. The losses are estimated at about 20% worldwide. The most disastrous nematodes are Radopholus similis and Platylenchus goodeyi. Genetic improvement of the crops by conventional breeding has proved to be laborious and time consuming. Transgenic technology can offer sustainable solutions to the problem of control...

Functional Characterization Of Striga Resistance Genes In Rice And In Vitro Culture Of The Parasite

ABSTRACTRice, the second most important cereal crop globally, is mainly grown for food and is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population. In sub-Saharan Africa biotic stresses and lack of resources are major production constraints to food production. An estimated yield loss of 16% attributed to weed infestation is recorded in the region with Striga spp. being the most prominent. Striga hermonthica and Striga asiatica constrain production of cereals while Striga gesnerioides ...

Genotyping BC3F2 populations of four Ethiopian sorghum varieties for Stay Green QTLs introgression through Marker assisted selection with SSRs.

AbstractSorghum is a subsistence and staple crop for many people living across Africa especially those in marginal arid and semi-arid tropics. While it is a staple food for millions of people in Africa, livestock feeding accounts for most of the sorghum used in the developed world especially in USA, Mexico, Australia, and South Africa. Among the major impediments to successful sorghum production is drought. This constraint is considered the most important cause of yield reduction in crop plan...

Information Communication Technology Factors And Performance Of Kenya Revenue Authority

ABSTRACTInformation and communication Technology (ICT) plays a basic and key job in empowering associations meet their objectives and destinations. Despite the efforts to adopt ICT in the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) operations to enhance revenue collection, challenges still exist. KRA has failed to hit the set target on numerous occasions. The main objective of the current study was therefore to assess the effect of capability of information and communication technology on performance of Ke...

Detection And Molecular Characterization Of Rotavirus Strains Isolated From Children Attending Selected Health Facilities In Kiambu District, Kenya

ABSTRACTDespite numerous health intervention measures available, severe dehydrating rotavirus diarrhea remains a major contributor towards childhood mortality particularly in developing countries. Global rotavirus surveillance is vital towards the development of safe, effective and efficacious vaccines to control the associated high infection rates. In Kenya, however, there is little corroborated data on rotavirus epidemiology, burden of disease and strains in circulation. The objective of th...

The Effects Of Co location Arrangement On Cost Efficiency Of Selected Gsm Firms In Nigeria

ABSTRACT This research work focused on the effects of Colocation arrangement on Cost Efficiency of selected GSM firms in Nigeria. The sources of data for this research work were exclusive primary data sources. Primary data sources for this research work were obtained from structured and standardized copies of questionnaire targeted to 200 respondents. The respondents are professionals or stakeholders in the area of the research interest. Data collected were subjected to multiple regress...

The Effect Of Vulnerabilities And Threats On Home Computer Security In Nigeria.

ABSTRACT This thesis examined some security related issues that might be unknown to computer users in Nigeria. It addressed the security vulnerabilities and flaws in most popular home computer operating systems. The study also concentrated on important computer security issues like worms, spyware, viruses etc. The researcher used the survey method for data collection via questionnaire method; therefore the data collection system in the research is primary data. The research reviewed pr...

Supply Chain Management In Nigeria: The Role Of Freight Forwarding

ABSTRACT The study examined the role of freight forwarding in supply chain management in Nigeria, with particular reference to time and cost in cargo clearance. Freight forwarding has been portrayed by many authors and public as contributing little or nothing to the economy as a whole. It is based on this dysfunctional premise that the study investigated the time and cost of clearing by freight forwarder and self clearing option stipulated by the law. Freight Forwarders and Supply Ch...

Studies On The Effect Of Produced Water On Juvenile African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus)

ABSTRACT This study investigated the effect of produced water from an oil exploration company in Rivers State on the blood, gills and liver of Juvenile African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Seventy Juvenile African Catfish were separated into 7 groups (10 per treatment) and used for the study. The juveniles were exposed to three varying concentrations of fresh and stale produced water (2.5ml/l, 5.0ml/l and 10.0ml/l) for a period of 3weeks. At the end of the test period, haematological,...


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