Research Papers/Topics in History

Presenting the Art and the Science of Qualified Historiography: Anchoring History-writing in the Event of Uncertainty and Unreliability of Narratives

This paper presents and articulates the art and the science of Qualified Historiography, that is, History-writing in cases of uncertainty and unreliability of the narrative– where narratives are not absolute or certain, based on hypotheses, need to be refined and recast, and therefore also need to be qualified. This is a practical and immeasurably useful approach that allows readers to sift the grain from the chaff, and cull the essence without jettisoning the meat.  It can be used in many...

Dangers and limitations of Marxist historiography from a non-religious and an Indian perspective

This paper explains the dangers and limitations of Marxist Historiography from a non-religious perpective 

Shellfish Exploitation During The Oakhurst At Authors: Klipdrift Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa

AbstractIntroduction Early evidence for the exploitation of shellfish for subsistence traces back to at least 164 ka during the Middle Stone Age (MSA) in South Africa1 , and by 100–60 ka shellfish were systematically and intensively exploited at a handful of sites2-5. Evidence for the use of shellfish for purposes other than food, such as making containers and ornaments, appears from 100 ka to 75 ka in the southern Cape.6-8 It is, however, possible that many older sites containing shel...

The Pan-African Nation: Oil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria. Andrew Apter. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2005. 334 pp.

FESTAC 1977 and indeed, the entire gamut of Pan-Africanism or Negritude stem from the experience of slave trade, slavery and colonialism. Apter’s book could be viewed from the historiographical tradition of a-historical Africa (Afro-pessimism) that re-affirms the influential notion of a dark continent bereft of a history except the activities of the Europeans, civilizing mission of colonial rule and the failure of the post-colonial state.

Economic crisis of opportunity? The ageing of Africa 2015–2050

Introduction The purpose of this brief discussion is to highlight issues of demographic changes associated with an ageing population in Africa and what, I believe, must happen to avoid the next social crisis among African nations, especially here in Ghana. However, this is not a discussion of doom, gloom and crisis, because the demographic changes that I will discuss are products of development. These are problems to overcome, for certain, but also opportunities that we hope become p...

Bororo Fulani Pastoralists and Yoruba Farmers’ Conflicts in the Upper Ogun River, Oyo State Nigeria, 1986–2004

Abstract This article, based on in-depth oral interviews, focuses on the conflicts between Bororo Fulani pastoralists and Yoruba farmers in Saki and Iseyin towns of the Upper Ogun River (Oke-Ogun), Oyo State Nigeria to show the power disparity and competition over land resources. The conflicts that occurred between Bororo Fulani pastoralists and Yoruba farmers are classified as: economic (crop destruction and cattle killing); social (murder, rape, armed banditry, molestation on both side...

Trends of Writing Environmental Historty in Ethiopian Historiography

The main objective of this manuscript is deals with the history of writing environmental history in Ethiopia Studies. It has shown that particularly after the 1960s, as a new discipline, scholastic works and publications are produced on environmental history in Ethiopia. Various authors repeatedly made their researches on the history of environmental thought, forest history, drought history, famine history, agricultural history and etc. Among others drought and famine history received a consi...

An Indigenous Survival Mechanism to Periodic Droughts: A Lesson From East Guji Oromo Pastoralist Communities, South Ethiopia

This manuscript tries to explore the continual droughts and its phenomena’s in the Southern Ethiopia East Guji Oromo pastoralist and semi-pastoralist communities that exhibit periodically via examining the possible root causes which fuel for periodical disasters and pestilences occurrence, and communities age old practice of indigenous acquired skills and wisdom's in the face of hardship as a means of coping and surviving mechanisms. Like, Raagaa [prediction the future] practice as drought ...

A Neglected Historio-Therapuetic Response to Covid19 Pandemic: African Ebers Papyrus Revisited

Colonialism has grave consequence on Africa given the western values it installed and the dislodging of African values; if not, how could one explain decades of importation of vaccines for treatment of the bulk of African population without looking inward to home￾grown remedies. This is what fires the attempt to explore the relevance of Ebers Papyrus that appeared to have been undermined in Africa’s response to Covid-19 pandemic. The paper finds that Ebers Papyrus is o...

The Establishment of the Nigerian Sokoto Caliphate: An inquest into the Background History of the 1804 Jihad in Hausa Land, 210 years After

January first 2014, Nigeria became one hundred years after the popular 1914 amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates by Sir Fredrick Lord Lugard. The centenary commemoration of the Nigerian State generated very serious scholarly attention than any other issues in the annals of Nigerian history. While scholars channels energy in writing on the 1914 episode or epoch, very little attention have been given to the 1804 Jihad of Sheikh Shehu Usman Danfodiyo which brought the So...

Age-grade System of Benin

INTRODUCTION         Benin is a territory closely bounded by neighbouring towns , villages in Urhobo land , Yorubaland and so on . Each town draws from it's environment it's own History. This is what is termed as internal contradiction. Contradiction is used by Moa in his well known work , written by him in address to the Chinese Communist party. It is a word that is refered to as opposite. Moa rejects explainations that aremainly external causes because they are capa...

The Political Development of Eku in Pre-colonial Times: The Rise of Udobowe Dynasty

This paper is based on the study of the development of political institution in one of  Agbon political bloc in Urhobo Land. It also introduces the Udobowe dynasty.Many people and even learned personal confuse development  of Ovieship elsewhere whenever the subject of Agbon monarchy is raised . However, the current monarchical arrangement that once produced Okpara and has been passed over to Kokori ,after the death of the Okpara Ovie, before was to get to Eku, and areas that  make Agbon sh...

SOCIO-POLITICAL ORGANISATION OF USEH AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN THE CORONATION OF THE MONARCH IN BENIN

This study examines the socio-political organization of Useh village in Benin kingdom during the pre-colonial period. It aims essentially at investigating the political institution developed by the people of the community before the advent of colonialism in 1897. The study examines the effectiveness of the indigenous political system in promoting peace and progress. In addition, the study attempts to situate the history of Useh within the context of Benin history and examines the sp...