Research Papers/Topics in Petroleum Engineering

Optimum Artificial Lift Selection for Condensate Gas Well

The reservoir characteristics of the gas condensate well is special and the changes of the behavior of the well have a significant impact to the production rate. When we do a proper optimization that can lower the operating costs, maximizing HC recovery and the net present value of a project can be increased. The optimization of the well level can be accomplished by adjusting well parameters such as tubing size, wellhead and the skin factor. All of these parameters were investigated wi...

The Economics Of Crude Oil Stabilization

ABSTRACT Estimating the gas/VOC emissions from oil and gas producing equipments has been a goal which the industry and regulatory agencies have spent a great deal of study and effort to contend with. This research estimated the flashing losses of gas/VOC emission from conventional atmospheric storage tanks to the atmosphere using Vasquez-Beggs Equation (VBE). Using VBE confirmed observed losses experienced in the industry as is represented in a graph showing the losses. It went further...

Effects Of Liquid Holdup On Hydrocarbon Production In Tapered Tubing String Using Niger Delta Fluid Properties

Abstract Effects of liquid holdup on hydrocarbon production in tapered tubing string using Niger Delta fluid properties was undertaken in this work. Oil reservoir fluids flow to the surface as a multicomponent fluid in pipes during production. Multiphase flow occurs due to the density of different phases involved in reservoir fluid and each fluid phase flow at different velocity. In this study, analytically developed equations and existing fluid correlations were used for determination o...

Economic Analysis And Application Of Single Point Gas Lift Systems For Marginal Fields Of The Niger Delta

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to develop an innovative technique for optimized gas lift design for marginal fields of the Niger Delta. This study used well data from mature fields located southwest of the Niger Delta to develop optimized gas lift design techniques using the single point continuous gas lift approach. A total of fifty-nine (59) wells from the fields were selected for preliminary screening as potential gas lift candidates. The screening process involved; reviewing...

Development Of Predictive Models For Diffusion Rate Of Spilled Crude Oil In Niger Delta Soils

ABSTRACT Simplified predictive numerical models have been developed for diffusion rate of crude oil spilled into Niger Delta soils. The proposed model equations were developed using Fourier transformation, and Green’s function. The induction principles as well as the indicial matrix method of dimensional analysis were adopted in determining the functional parameters that could possibly influence their diffusion rates. These mathematical models correctly predict one – dimensional lon...

Development Of Drilling Fluid From Biomaterials

ABSTRACT New Biodegradable drilling fluids were developed using Brachystegia eurycoma (achi), Detarium microcarpum (ofo) and Pleurotus (osu). The drilling properties such as yield point, apparent viscosity, low shear rate yield point and fluid loss were determined.The field polymer muds that are currently in use namely; PAC-R and PAC-L were formulated and used as control samples to the new proposed product. Herschel –Buckley model was used to obtain the yield stress. Cutting transpor...

Comparative Economic Analysis Of Compressed Natural Gas And Automotive Gas Oil As Automobile Fuels

ABSTRACT Comparative economic analysis of the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) and the use of AGO for power generation was presented. The data for costs of constructing and running CNG-powered vehicles were obtained for the study. Separate economic analyses of running the CNG-powered vehicles and running AGO vehicles were performed. The initial capital cost for CNG project amounted to N4.31 million and that for diesel was N3.60 million while the annual operating cost for CNG is N1.4...

Characterization Of Nigerian Crude Oil Wax

ABSTRACT Flow assurance is the efficient and successful flow of fluids in pipes. Some of the flow assurance challenges that can be encountered include hydrate formation, which is prevalent offshore, sand deposition, wax precipitation, scale deposits, or emulsion problems. In onshore production facilities in the Niger delta, wax deposition is the major challenge to efficient fluid flow. Consequently, it has been the focus of research to proffer effective predictive control measures to a ...

A Novel Approach For Estimating Critical Rate And Horizontal Well Placement In Oil Rim Reservoirs

ABSTRACT Coning tendencies in oil rim reservoirs pose serious hindrance to optimizing oil production in the thin oil beds as unwanted fluids tend to replace the oil in the production stream, which invariably limits the ultimate oil recovery. In this study, a semi-analytical method of estimating critical production rate (qoc) and optimum horizontal well placement (hopt) was developed for reservoirs with thin oil zones sandwiched between gas cap and bottom water. Also, proxy models was ge...

Spatial Distribution Of Runoff In Ungauged Catchments In Tanzania

AbstractThis paper presents a preliminary map of average annual runoff of Tanzania using a conceptual rainfall runoff model to predict the amount of water directed to base flow of the rivers with the application of Geographic Information System (GIS). Average annual runoff is a fundamental hydrological variable which serves many purposes in hydrological research particularly in stream flow estimation for hydropower plant allocation and development. Still the runoff data can serve during i...

Theoretical Justifications For Rate Decline Trends In Solution-Gas Drive Reservoirs, And Reservoir Property Estimation Using Production Data

ABSTRACTRate decline analysis is an essential tool in predicting reservoir performance and formationproperty estimation. The use of historical production data to predict future performance isthe focus of the empirical domain of decline analysis while the theoretical domain focuseson the use of such data to estimate formation properties.A number of attempts have been made to establish the theories of rate decline in solutiongasdrive reservoirs. Such attempts have established the theore...

Pricing And Geopolitics In International Gas Trade …Could The Gas Exporting Countries Forum Unify Price Regimes?

ABSTRACT Market-based pricing for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) may be less remunerative or uncertain for exporters in the evolving market. The possibility of rent-maximizing could encourage them to collude through an influence mechanism. This book examined the feasibility of Uniform Pricing (UP) or Volume Control (VC) in the Atlantic Basin and analyzed the consequences of such a development on LNG trade. So far, no existing model specifically considers the sustainability and effects of a...

Implication Of Future Carbon Dioxide Injection On Selected Niger-Delta Reservoir Rocks And Fluids.

Abstract Mitigation against increasing carbon dioxide, CO2, in the atmosphere is uppermost in environmental research due to its negative effects and the most effective approach is in the area of underground carbon storage. In this research, a model was developed to study the possible alteration of porosity and permeability during CO2 injection to Kwale sandstone reservoir, Kwale shales, Imeri oil sand and Ota Kaolinitic clay. The proposed model combined the Timur model irreducible water...

Theoretical Justification For Rate Decline Trends In Solution-Gas Drive Reservoirs, And Reservoir Property Estimation Using Production Data

ABSTRACT Rate decline analysis is an essential tool in predicting reservoir performance and formation property estimation. The use of historical production data to predict future performance is the focus of the empirical domain of decline analysis while the theoretical domain focuses on the use of such data to estimate formation properties. A number of attempts have been made to establish the theories of rate decline in solutiongas drive reservoirs. Such attempts have established the the...

Pore Pressure And Fracture Gradient Assessment From Well Log Petrophysical Data Of Agbada Formation, South-East Niger-Delta

Abstract Changing down-hole conditions observed during hydrocarbon exploration can be divers. Some desired ones concern oil/gas shows while others may vary from borehole/drilling fluid association and pressure situations. Managing pressure variations and geopressure zones while drilling has been an issue of concern which has yield generic positive results over the years. However pre-pressure zones (i.e. zones above pressure zones), can display characteristics that are worthy of note in ...


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