Research Papers/Topics in Environmental Health Science

Heavy Metals Contamination of an Oil Spilled Site in Niger Delta, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Crude oil spillage is a big threat to the soil fertility. Spillage occurs due to the pipeline rupture, and traffic accidents involving tankers. An investigation was carried  to assess the effects of crude oil spillage on the physicochemical properties of soil in Nnagi-Ama, Niger Delta Nigeria. For this purpose soil samples were collected in the Nnagi-Ama, tested in a laboratory, and compared to non-polluted (control) soil sample. The pH values of the soil samples remained almost th...

The Effects Of Pollution Its Prevention, And Challenges In Urban Environment: Case Study Of Kampala Central Division

ABSTRACT The research was conducted to study the effects of pollution its prevention, and challenges in urban environment in case study of Kampala central division The following forms of pollution were studied (Air, Water, and Land). Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Within the Kampala Central Division there are a good number human ...

Determining The Effects Of Small Scale Gold Mining On The Surrounding Community’s Welfare, The Case Study Of Mugusu Sub County, Geita District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining is considered to be the most appropriate means of improving local communities’ livelihood. Particular emphasis was directed to the existing Mugusu small scale mining situated in Mugusu village in Geita district. The study focused on the operational practices of the existing gold mining, the pertaining problems and how various parties have resorted in addressing the emerged conflicts. The study was guided by four specific objectives namely...

Effects Of Quarrying On The Environment: A Case Study Of Tala, Machakos District, Kenya

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to establish the effects of quarrying on the environment using Tala, Machakos district as the case study in Kenya. Machakos district is found in the Eastern province of Kenya. It was intended to establish the extent to which quarrying has affected the environment in Tala. To examine what are the causes of quarrying and suggest the possible measures through which quarrying effects on the environment. Fifty (50) respondents were randomly selected and these...

Assessing The Impact Of Agriculture On Protected Areas, A Case Study Of Arusha Natonal Park- Arusha- Tanzania

ABSTRACT A study on assessing the impacts of agriculture on protected areas was carried out in Arusha National Park in Tanzania. The variables considered include identifying the factors influencing agriculture around Arusha National Park (ANAPA) and major type of agriculture activities carried out, examining the impacts of these activities on ANAPA and identify the effort of local community and NGOs and National Park Authority to address these effects of agricultural activities on ANAPA...

The impacts of stone quarrying to the local community and the surrounding environment. A case study of nakisunga sub-county, mukono district.

ABSTRACT In Uganda, especially in Nakisunga Sub-county, the stone quarrying industry has grown rapidly in recent years due to the construction boom in urban areas. It is one of the sources of income as well as environmental problems. Even though a number of control measures were introduced, putting them into practice was far below expectations and stone quarrying activities continued to cause serious environmental problems in the area. This study was therefore carried out with the main ...

The Impact Of Improper Solid Waste Management In Icahama Township Authority, Kaiiama Distr1ct Tanzania

ABSTRACT As urbanization continuous to grow rapidly, the management of solid wastes is becoming a major public health arid environmental concern in urban areas of many developing countries. Pepple in Kahama Township generate solid wastes, and the way it is handled is not proper. It is on the view of the fact mentioned above, that this research was undertaken to investigate the impact of improper solid waste management on the community of Kahama Township. The researcher examined this by ...

The Role Of Government Policies Towards Soils, Wetlands And Forests Conservation A Case Study Of Bunyarugulu In Ruburizi District

ABSTRACT The study was conducted in the two constituencies, Katerera and Bunyaruguru that make up Rubirizi district. An investigation was conducted to assess the role of government policy relating to soils, wetlands and forest conservation. The study executed six specific objectives but the general objective was to find out how the government has involved the local people at policy and decision making levels nsed in conservation of soils, wetlands, forests and to examine the importance ...

The Impact Of Rice Cultivation On The Wetland Ecosystem. A Case Study Of Nalioba Wetland, Banda Sub-County, Namayingo District.

ABSTRACTRice, which is a new crop in Uganda, was introduced on a large scale in the 1960’s as a wetlandbased crop. The continued use of upland fields for farming has also resulted in loss of soilfertility due to erosion and over use, The rapid population growth and high demand for rice inUganda, much pressure has been put on wetlands to increase production which has led to theirdegradation. The objectives of the study were to; establish the factors influencing rice cultivationin in Nal...

The Impact Of Unplanned Settlements On Efficiency Of Sanitation Management In Mwanza City, Tanzania

ABSTRACT An investigation of the impact of unplanned settlements on efficiency of environmental sanitation management in Mwanza city was conducted in 6 wards of Mwanza city council. The variables considered include; forms of poor environmental sanitation in unplanned settlements, its effects on the environment and human beings and solutions being put in place. In order to investigate the above variables, a general survey research design was used. Methods used in data collection include...

Perinatal Feeding Practices Among Mothers Attending Primary Health Care Facilities In Isi-Uzo Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe benefit of breastfeeding to mother and infant is replete in literature. This study investigated perinatal feeding practices in terms of initiation of breastfeeding, use of colostrum and prelacteal feeds among mothers attending Primary Health Care facilities in Isiuzo LGA. Specifically the objectives were to determine: (i) the timing of breastfeeding initiation among women in Isi-uzo Local Government Area. (ii) what women in Isi-uzo Local Government Area us...

Male Involvement In Family Planning In Some Selected Rural Communities In Enugu East Local Government Area In Enugu State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACTMen involvement in family planning would increase its recognition, acceptanceand practice by people especially within the rural communities. This is becausein rural communities in Nigeria including Enugu, men are still the gate keepers inour families who control power and major decision making. Some of themdecide whether their wives will practice family planning or not and the methodsto be adopted. This implies the men seem to have the finally say on the numberof children the fa...

Knowledge And Utilization Of Post Abortion Care Services Among Women Of Reproductive Age In Obanliku Local Government Area Of Cross River State

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and utilization of post abortion care among women of reproductive age (15 – 49 years) in Obanliku Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. The research utilized a descriptive survey design anda sample size of 350 women of reproductive age (15 – 49), selected from each of the 10 communities in the area. A structured questionnaire was used as instrument to collect data. Information obtained...

Assessment Of Dietary Compliance And Physical Exercise Among Hypertensive Patients Attending Medical Outpatient Clinic In University Of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla

ABSTRACTThe management of hypertension is tripartite in nature: medication, physical exerciseand dietary modification. While medication is curative, physical exercise and dietarymodification are both preventive and curative. Dietary and lifestyle changes can improveblood pressure control and decrease the risk of health complications, although treatmentwith medication is still often necessary in people for whom lifestyle changes are notenough. Physical exercise regimes which are shown to ...

The Impact Of Parks And Gardens On Environmental Sustainability In Khartoum City

AbstractUrban open spaces are an important component of any urban fabric, embracing the activities of different populations. It is one of the most visible elements of therelationship between man and the environment in which he lives, and reflects the general picture of any city. This paper examines the impact of parks and gardens on environmental sustainability in Khartoum city (C.B.D). Urban open spaces,especially parks and gardens, were chosen because they represent the...


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