Research Papers/Topics in Pharmacy

ANTI-DIABETIC AND ANTI-OXIDANT EVALUATION OF ANTHOCLEISTA DJALONENSIS A. CHEV AND ANTHOCLEISTA VOGELII PLANCH

Diabetes a major degenerative disease of global concern accounts for about 3.2 million deaths annually. Alpha-amylase inhibitors from plants are effective in managing postprandial hyperglycaemia which is significant in Type 2 diabetes. Search for natural anti-oxidants has increased recently because free radicals production has been linked to a number of diseases including diabetes. Anthocleista djalonensis and Anthocleista vogelii are used traditionally in Nigeria and...

Antimicrobial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Extracts of Ficus Thonningii Blume (Moraceae)

ABSTRACT Infectious diseases and the associated inflammation pose a serious health problem worldwide, accounting for about 50% of all deaths in tropical countries. This is further complicated by the frequent development of bacterial resistance to many chemotherapeutic agents. These problems have necessitated the continuous search for new and effective drugs from plant materials. Thus, Ficus thonningii Blume (Moraceae), a plant used ethnomedicinally in West Africa for the treatment of so...

PRESCRIBING ERRORS AND INTERVENTION OUTCOMES IN SELECTED TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Prescribing errors, particularly in the medical and paediatric specialties have been reported globally to affect up to 52.0% of hospitalized patients with potential to cause harm. Prescribing errors have however not been adequately investigated in Nigeria. This study was designed to carry out an in-depth evaluation of the nature, severity and causes of prescribing errors in three purposively selected tertiary hospitals in Nigeria with a view to providing pharmacist-led evidence...

PHARMACOGNOSY, Phytochemical Examination of the Plant species of Aframomum danielli and A. spectrum

ABSTRACT      Aframomum danielli and Aframomum sceptrum (Zingiberaceae) have been studied in this research project for their phytochemical constituents, thin layer chromatographic analysis and insecticidal potentials.     Phytochemical examination of the dried fruits showed the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, tannins and flavonoids. Saponin glycosides, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinone glycosides and cyanogenetic glycosides were absent in both plant species.     The chromatograp...