Research Papers/Topics in Biochemistry

Review on Application of Enzymes in fruit juice processing

Enzymes are organic catalyst that alters the rate of biological reactions. The application of enzymes to industries has been one of the emerging prospects in the science world in other to optimize production. This paper aims to give an overview of the possible application of different enzymes to fruit juice production to enhance yield and minimize cost.  

BIOFERTILIZER: A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

ABSTRACTCurrent soil management strategies are mainly dependent on inorganic chemical-based fertilizers, which caused a serious threat to human health and environment. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as a biofertilizer has become paramount importance in agriculture sector for their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production. The eco-friendly approaches inspire a wide range of application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs), endo- and ectomycorrhiz...

Inhibition of mitochondria pyruvate carrier- an approach to attenuating neurodegeneration

ABSTRACT Neurodegeneration is defined as the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons in the body. Different forms of neurodegenerative disease include Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington’s disease, and they are caused by different mechanism such as inflammation, mitochondria dysfunction, excitotoxicity etc. Insulin sensitizers have been discovered by researchers in managing Neurodegeneration and the main one used are the thiazolidinedi...

GROUP 7 PATHOGENESIS OF HIV INFECTION

The introduction of combined therapy has been an important breakthrough in the treatment of HIV infection, however for proper eradication, HIV pathogenesis has to be understood. Despite treatment with combinatorial therapies, a functional cure approach would be very effective in suppressing viraemic load in the host to such low levels that the immune system would be able to control the infection without the need for antiretroviral therapy, neither inflicting harm upon the host nor trans...

Epilepsy and Ethno Medicinal Plant in Hausa/Fulani tribe

Introduction Epilepsy is a common medical and social disorder or group of disorders with unique characteristics. Epilepsy is usually defined as a tendency to recurrent seizures. The word “epilepsy” is derived from Latin and Greek words for “seizure” or “to seize upon”. This implies that epilepsy is an ancient disorder; indeed, in all civilizations it can be traced as far back as medical records exist. In fact, epilepsy is a disorder that can occur in all mammalian species, probabl...

Agrobacterium Tumefaciens as a Tool for Transformation.

Plant transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a soil plant pathogenic bacterium, has become the most used method for the introduction of foreign genes into plant cells and the subsequent regeneration of transgenic plants. This review focuses on the host recognition and the process of gene transfer from Agrobacterium tumefaciens to plant cells which implies several essential steps.

ANTIOXIDANTS AS STRATEGY AGAINST METAL EXPOSURE

Abstract Oxidative stress contributes to the pathophysiology of exposure to heavy metals. Beneficial renal effects of some medications, such as chelation therapy depend at least partially on the ability to alleviate oxidative stress. The administration of various natural or synthetic antioxidants has been shown to be of benefit in the prevention and attenuation of metal induced biochemical alterations. These include vitamins, N-acetylcysteine, α-lipoic acid, melatoni...