Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATIC EMERGENCY LIGHT

ABSTRACT As the name of the project implies “Automatic Emergency Light” is an electronic system that can provide light during emergency situations i.e when mains (NEPA) supply fails.  This system can provide enough light with full brightness in a given room or office.   The system makes use of white light emitting diodes for the lightings.  It is automatic in operation, in the sense that it can switch itself off when the battery charges full. Automatic Emergency light comprises three s...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION A public address system is an electronics sound amplification and distribution system with a microphone, amplifier and loud speaker used to allow a person to address a large public. The public address system consists of three main parts namely, the microphone (input transducer), amplifier and the loudspeaker (output transducer). The microphone picks up the sound and convert it to electronic signal in milivolts and this is fed to the amplifier for amplification. In this project, a...

DESIGN OF MOLTEN SALT COOLER IN PROCESS PLANT FOR PRODUCTION OF 2-7 X 104 TONNES/YR OF PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE BY DIRET

ABSTRACTThe general approach to any design of a process plant involve an advanced network of Chemical Engineering processes.  This equipment design project was carried out to design a molten salt cooler (heat exchanger) for production of 2.7 x 104 tonnes/year capacity of phthalic anhydride by direct synthesis of gaseous naphthalene.The information concerning the design of this equipment was gotten from literature review which was then used to obtain the physical properties datas.  The mater...

CONSTRUCTION OF 500W12VINVERTER CHARGER

ABSTRACT  An inverter is a system which is capable of converting DC voltage from a battery into AC voltage. The Inverter constructed converts 12V dc to 220V Ac. It consists of an oscillator section using 8V dc to produce 50Hz sine wave. The sine wave is amplified by Tip 41 and used to drive IRPF 250 MOSFET power transistors capable of delivering 500W norminally.The mosfet switches the 12V dc across the high current transformer which then produces the Ac at its output. The output of the trans...

CONSTRUCTION OF A MICROCONTROLLER BASED SECURITY DOOR USING SMART CARD

ABSTRACTThis project shows the construction of a microcontroller based security door using smart card. It is aimed towards programming the microcontroller to control the hardware in sliding door. The system consists of a microcontroller 89S52 which sends a signal to the multiplexers on insertion of the smart card in the card slot. The multiplexers consist of ICS which prompts for a display of the identity of the card user in the liquid crystal display (LCD). The LCD displays the status of the...

CONSTRUCTION OF A MICROCONTROLLER BASED GATE

ABSTRACTMicrocontroller based automate controller is a project design of a system that is used in operating a gate automatically. The system opens the gate automatically when a human being or car is about to enter a compound or exit a compound. The system works by sensing the light rays from the head lamp of the vehicle. The light ray is sensed and signal is used in operating the gate. Different blocks of circuit are put together to ensure that the system works perfectly as desired. The block...

CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR

ABSTRACTMetal detectors are electronics sensors that indicate the presence of metallic object without making physical contact with object. They are effective and useful security tools employed in strategic places such as airport, bank, stadiums, government houses and also in production industries to detect presence of metallic object on person luaggages, consignments foods, drugs garments etc. The study present a metal detector comprising a radio frequency oscillator, demodulating unit, trigg...

CONSTRUCTION OF A GSM BASED HOME AUTOMATION USING AVR

ABSTRACTWith advancement of technology things are becoming simpler and easier for us. Automatic systems are being preferred over manual system. The purpose of this project is to design and construct A GSM based home automation using AVR. Using GSM networks, in this project a home power control system has been proposed that will act as an embedded system which can monitor and control appliances and other devices locally using built-in input and output peripherals. The system has a delay of 2 m...

CONSTRUCTION OF A MICROCONTROLLER BASED T-JUNCTION TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROLLER

ABSTRACTT-junction traffic light controller is such a device that will play a significant role in controlling traffic at junctions, to ease the expected increased rush at such junctions and reduce to minimum disorderliness that may arise, as well as allowing the pedestrians a right of the way at intervals rather than being struck down when in a hurry to cross the roads. Such an electrical system with a touch of electronics that control the flow of traffic in a pre-determined sequential patter...

CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATIC WATER LEVEL CONTROLLER FOR BOTH OVERHEAD AND UNDERGROUND TANKS

ABSTRACTAutomatic water level controller for both overhead and underground tank is designed to monitor the level of water in a tank. It displays the level of water and when it is at the lowest level; a pump is activated automatically to refill the tank. When the tank is filled to its maximum capacity, the pump is automatically de-energized. Several circuits are put together to ensure proper working of this design, and the block diagram includes the supply unit, the micro-processor unit, the s...

CONSTRUCTION OF RADIO FREQUENCY GSM SIGNAL JAMMER

Abstract A wireless signal jammer is a device which blocks transmission by creating interference. This wireless signal jammer can be categorized into the Radio Frequency (RF) jammer and GSM jammer.A Radio Frequency jammer is a device used to disrupt or prevent communication via a broadcasted RF signal. It is an RF and GSM frequency disrupter commonly known as wideband radio frequency (RF) and GSM cell phone jammer. Simultaneously, they can blocks all commercial FM broadcast band (87.5 MHz to ...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 60AMP THREE PHASE AUTOMATIC CHANGE OVER SWITCH.

ABSTRACTThe design and construction of a 60A, 3-Ф automatic power changeover from public utility supply to generator and vice versa was aimed at providing a useful system for use in our homes or offices. The system was achieved with a 66A 3-Ф contactor, 100mA transformers and relays. The system turns on a generator when the public utility (PHCN) is off by cranking the starter and a provision was made to stop cranking when the generator is fully started. A delay was provided to stop the gene...

DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF 200 WATT SOLAR POWER SYSTEM

ABSTRACTThe 200W solar system was determined by load assessment, solar panel number determination, battery requirement and then inverter sizing. A complete solar panel rated at 200w was however purchased, together with 2 no. 150A solar battery, 1500W inverter and also 10A charge controller. These were assembled together with necessary protective gadgets like cut out switches; to give the 200W expected. The solar panel was mounted outside the building to allow for maximum collection of sun ene...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF 20WATTS WIRELESS PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM

ABSTRACTIt has become inevitable that there would be communication and due to the inherent limitation of the human voice, the public address system came to being. A public address or “P.A SYSTEM” is an electronic amplification system with a mixer ,amplifier and loudspeakers, used to reinforce a given sound , e.g a person making a speech, pre-recorded music ,or message and distributing the sound throughout a venue . The voice signal is passed through a microphone , which converts the sound...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN INVERTER TYPE ARC WELDING MACHINE

AbstractWelding is a way of heating pieces of metal using electricity or a flame so that they melt and stick together. It can simply be defined as the process of joining two or more pieces of metal to make the act as a single piece. This is often done by melting the work pieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material that cools to become a strong joint. Because of its strength, welding is used to join beams when constructing buildings, bridges and other structures. Weld...


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