Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Empirical Validation of Photo-voltaic Power Output Forecasting Methods

The electricity produced by renewable energy sources (RES) is constantly increasing world￾wide thanks to government policies and technological advancements. Photo voltaic cells are actually a fast rising technology as the source of its power is a commodity that is abundant in this part of the hemisphere. Uncertainty also dominates in the area of the conditions at which the photovoltaic cells are operating, their optimal weather conditions and the effect of the conditions on their output...

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTERNET OF THINGS (IoT) BASED SMART WASTE BIN FOR FILL LEVEL MONITORING AND BIODEGRADABILITY DETECTION

                                                              ABSTRACT ABSTRACT  It is not doubtful that effective and efficient waste management is essential for the development of a smart city. In developing and most developed countries of the world, overflowing waste from waste bins located at strategic positions in streets or close to residential areas both destroys the aesthetics of the environment and constitutes air pollution to the environs ...

Biochemical and biometrics characterization of five varieties of Pistacia vera L. grown in Maoussa experimental station (northwest of Algeria)

Both biometric behavior study and fruit biochemical analysis of five varieties of Syrian Pistacia vera introduced in Algeria in 1998 and raised in semi-arid bioclimatic stage (common Maoussa, Mascara, Algeria) led to a qualitative comparison. Based on the pistachio descriptor criteria established by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute in 1997, characterization and descriptor of female varieties of pistachio were performed. The obtained results allow the bet...

Comparative Study of The Emergence and Growth of Young Seedlings of Five Varieties of Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) of Syrian Origin

The present work is to study the emergence and growth of seedlings of five pistachio varieties that are: Batouri, Achouri, Neb-Djemel, Adjmi and Bayadhi. The study was conducted in a greenhouse temperature and photoperiod were controlled. The seeds are germinated in pots filled with peat without going through the damp cold stratification at a temperature of 4ºC. The results obtained showed that growth parameters (length and diameter of the plants) revealed significant tes...

EFFECT OF SALINITY ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR OF THE OLIVE TREE (VARIETY SIGOISE)

Salinity is a major problem directly affecting the ecological balance and the development of agriculture in the Mediterranean basin, particularly North Africa. This phenomenon is considered as the most important abiotic factor limiting crops growth and productivity, degrading and polluting soils in arid and semi-arid. In order to study the influence of salinity, on the physiological parameters and to assess the potential of adaptation of the olive tree in a saline environment, three parcels c...

Application of fuzzy clustering data mining approach to garment sizing problem

ABSTRACTCurrently owing to the annual increase of data, there is urgent need for anthropometric database and useful approaches, in designing machine, equipment, facilities, workspace and other products. Fuzzy clustering which is an important way of clustering is an approach where an object is grouped into more than one partitions. The approach is used to bridge the gap between the anthropometry dimension of an individual and garment size which is a problem attributed to the size of the ...

Analytical Modeling and Optimization of a Solar Chimney Power Plant

Wind and solar resources are diluted and intermittent on the earth; their combination allowed increasing their availability and stability. At great scale, the use of Solar Chimney Power Plant (SCPP) technique constitutes a promising alternative to fossil fuel for generating electrical power particularly in rich regions of natural resources such as solar, wind, terrain, built material,water…etc.). Recently, various research works investigate the design and optimization of thesesystems u...

Influence du moment d’application du NPK sur la croissance et le rendement du maïs (Zea mays L.) installé sur un ferralsol

Objectif : La province du Haut Katanga est dominée par des sols ferralitiques, une des sources majeures des faibles rendements du maïs dans cette contrée. Pour pallier aux problèmes d’infertilités de ces sols et accroître la productivité, les producteurs recourent essentiellement aux engrais minéraux (NPK). Ces derniers sont généralement appliqués au moment de semis. Cependant, avec les perturbations climatiques actuelles, le moment de leur application devient une préoccupat...

Les faibles doses d’engrais azotés ne permettront pas d’optimiser le rendement des nouvelles variétés de maïs dans la région de Lubumbashi (RD Congo)

L’agriculture congolaise est encore largement extensive, se caractérisant par de faibles rendements. S’agissant du maïs, les rendements obtenus en milieux paysans sont d’environ 10 fois moins au potentiel de la culture; le faible niveau de fertilité de sols couplé à l’utilisation du matériel non performant sont les causes majeures. Cet essai a été installé suivant un dispositif split plot pour évaluer les effets des doses croissantes de la fertilisation azoté...

Effets de doses croissantes de NaCl sur le comportement du bananier et la morpho diversité de champignons du sol

Le bananier est exposé à de nombreux problèmes entre autres la salinité excessive des sols et des eaux d’irrigation qui entraînent une chute de sa productivité. Cet essai a été conduit en vue d’évaluer les effets de la salinité sur le comportement du bananier et la diversité de la coloration des champignons dans ce sol. L’essai a été installé sous serre suivant un dispositif complètement randomisé à 3 répétitions. Deux cultivars de bananier (Pelipi...

Etude de cas sur l’impact des amendements organiques vis-à-vis de la salinité en culture de bananier

Ce travail a été initié dans l’objectif d’évaluer les effets des doses croissantes de la matière organique sur le comportement du bananier soumis à différents niveaux de salinité. L’essai a été conduit sous serre suivant un dispositif complètement randomisé à 3 répétitions. Les traitements comprenaient 3 doses d’amendements organiques (0, 1 et 2 kg) et 5 doses de sel (0 ; 2,5 ; 5 ; 7,5 et 10 g/L). Les résultats montrent que les fortes doses de sels (plus de 5g) ont eu ...

Assessment of Combined Effects of Human Faeces and Mineral Fertilizers on the Behavior of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Cultivated in Lubumbashi, DR Congo

Improving soil fertility through organic fertilizers application has become a major factor that has enabled the world to feed billions of people. However, the required quantities of organic material are enormous, so it becomes necessary to combine different types of fertilizers to feed plants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects generated by the integration of human faeces to mineral fertilizers by bringing them to okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) crop.&nb...

Evaluation of Maize Response (Zea mays L.) to Various Modes and Moments of Chicken Manure Spreading in Lubumbashi, DR Congo

Soils of sub-saharan countries have low inherent fertility, this deficiency is main factor determining agricultural production. Most of previous studies showed beneficial effects of organic matter in improving physical and chemical properties of soil and increasing yields. However, it remains unclear about when and how to spread the organic matter to get maximum nutrients for plants. This study was conducted in conditions of Lubumbashi to determine the influence of sp...

Impact of Chicken Manure Integration with Mineral Fertilizer on Soil Nutriments Balance and Maize (Zea mays) Yield: A Case Study on Degraded Soil of Lubumbashi (DR Congo)

One of the most important challenges to continuously maximize crop production on limited areas of agricultural land is to maintain or enhance soil fertility. Organic fertilizer application is needed to replace nutrient removed by crop from the fields in order to restore crop production potential of a soil. But application of organic fertilizer alone insufficiently increases crop yield per area because the nutrient content of organic fertilizer is unbalanced. A trial was co...

Les faibles doses de biomasses vertes de légumineuses, des bons substituts des engrais minéraux dans la maïsiculture à Lubumbashi ?

La fixation symbiotique d’azote est un atout majeur des légumineuses pour substituer aux engrais chimiques surtout pour les cultures exigeantes en azote comme le maïs. Le coût élevé des engrais minéraux limite leur utilisation pour les paysans qui pratique une agriculture de subsistance. De plus, ces engrais chimiques généralement utilisés acidifient les sols. Ainsi, cette étude a été initiée en vue d’évaluer les potentialités des faibles doses des biomasses à base de ...


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