Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

2D Radar Antenna Orientation and Control

ABSTRACT The RADAR system is the first step and much more important and it has much more effect than the other step in the RADAR system works. The RADAR is used in different applications and systems, almost of these applications need high precision, and it's depending on the accuracy of RADAR ANTENNA orientation. Much research has been done and different systems designed to obtain a result within a permissible range. Design RADAR ANTENNA orientation and control system using FPGA and stepper m...

Application of UBC and IBC Seismic Codes For R.C. Buildings Design in Sudan

ABSTRACT  This research dealt with the investigation of possibility of the use of the two representative seismic codes, UBC 1997, and IBC 2006, for seismic force analysis of R.C. buildings in Sudan. The theory of the seismic forces analysis was studied and presented. A R.C. building of eight storeys constructed in two sites, a very low seismic active site and a moderate seismic active site in Sudan which was analyzed by using ETABSv9.7.4 computer program. Utilizing data of the two sites, app...

Hydrological Update of the Watershed Resources Management Model and Gis-Based Application to the Humid Tropical Environment of South-East Nigeria

Abstract Hydrological models are useful tools for prediction and understanding of hydrological phenomena which underpin watershed resources utilization. A watershed model simulates hydrological processes in a more holistic manner across the entire watershed area. Most watershed models are fairly complex; interactions among watershed hydrological components are essentially nonlinear and take place on a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. The Watershed Resources Management (WRM) model w...

Shear Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Granite As Coarse Aggregate Without Shear Links

This work considers the shear behavior of reinforced concrete beams using granite as coarseaggregate without shear links. Four reinforced concrete beams were cast and tested to understandthe shear behavior with varying tension reinforcement ratios. The beams were cast in two pairs;the first pair had a depth of 184mm, a width of 110mm, and a length of 1500mm. The second pairhad a depth of 150mm, a width of 90mm, and a length of 1000mm. The first and second pair ofbeams had span-to-depth ratios...

Determination of Optimum Design Parameters of Non-linear Damped Outrigger System for High-rise Buildings

In addition to the inherent advantages of an outrigger system over conventional framed structural system, damped-outrigger systems (DOS) enhance it further with its agility to resist lateral loads in high-rise buildings. Dynamic response of slender and flexible buildings with DOS induces vibration control in which twisting of core structure is restricted by shear deformation of the damper present at the end of outrigger connected by perimeter columns. In this paper, a 300 m tall core-tube typ...

Kinetics of Lead Adsorption by Activated Rice Husk Ash

ABSTRACT  The need to clean-up heavy metals that contaminate water cannot be over emphasized. This paper examined the kinetics of lead adsorption using activated rice husk ash. The influences of contact time, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature on adsorption were investigated. From the results obtained, by analyzing the effect of contact time, it was discovered that maximum adsorption of about 90 % removal efficiency took 240 minutes using 0.2g of adsorbent. While in testing for the effect of...

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Development and Performance Evaluation of a Double-Rotor Self-Action Cassava Grater

ABSTRACT The modification of a single-rotor cassava grater was undertaken. The singlerotor grater was modified into a double-rotor self-action grater and its performances evaluated by determining its throughput capacity and efficiency. The throughput capacity was determined by grating known quantities of cassava roots in three respective runs and the time taken to grate them measured from a stop watch. The efficiency of the machine was calculated from the quantity of roots grated and quantit...

Energy and Exergy Analysis of Boiler Systems

ABSTRACT  In this work, the results of the analysis of the NBC boiler plant using energetic and exergetic methods are presented. The main aim of this study is to investigate the effects of boiler rotary burner cup speed, oil nozzle size, excess air and fuel types on its performance and emissions with a view to identifying and quantifying components having greatest losses of energy and exergy efficiencies. Optimization of the boiler operating system is also carried out. The specific objective...

Finite Strip Analysis of Continuous Thin-Walled Box Girder Bridges

ABSTRACT  Thin-walled box girder bridges are very efficient structural solution for long-span bridges because of their high torsional resistance, stability, economy, and aesthetic appearance. Though, this type of bridge is not common in Nigeria, it is envisaged that they may offer economic advantages in future high way projects in Nigeria. Analytically, however, the box girder bridge is a very complex indeterminate problem. Therefore, the primary objective of this research was to produce a r...

Derivation of the Bandwidth Resource Allocation in an ATM Based Network

ABSTRACT  Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) technology is the transfer mode for implementing a Broadband-Integrated Services Digital Network (B-ISDN). ATM defines multiplexing and switching techniques for broadband signals. Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) is employed in the B-ISDN backbone. The main objective of an ATM is to guarantee Quality of Service (QoS) in transfer of cell streams across networks. This technology recommended as the transport vehicle for the B-ISDN offers a great fle...

Exergetic Efficiency of Passive Solar Air Heater with Phase Change Energy Storage Material

ABSTRACT  Energy and exergy analysis of solar air heater with phase change material energy storage is considered in this research work. Energy and exergy models for component systems like flat plate solar collector and phase change material in one-dimensional heat conduction in a cylindrical pipe, for storing periods were obtained. Exergy analysis, which is based on the second law of thermodynamics, and energy analysis, which is based on first law, was applied to improve system efficiency. M...

A Pulse Width Modulated Voltage-Fed Inverter Vector-Controlled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive

ABSTRACT  A Pulsewidth Modulated Voltage-Fed Inverter Vector-Controlled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) Drive based on Hysteresis Current Control (HCC) is presented in this work. A detailed conceptual dq modelling of the PMSM was undertaken in the rotor reference 26 frame for open loop studies, thereby setting the pace for the variable speed drive (VSD) of the PMSM which, inherently, is not capable of variable speed operation. Subsequently, vector control by Field Orientation Contr...

Appraisal of Construction Management Practice in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Construction industry has complexity in it nature because it contains large number of parties such as clients, consultants and contractors. The factors that influence construction management practice differ from country to country, due to prevailing conditions. The objective of this project is to identify factors that influence construction management practice in Nigeria construction industry and elicit perceptions/ranking of the severity using relative importance index of the vari...

Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil using Selected Organic Wastes

ABSTRACT Contamination of existing and potential agricultural lands is a major problem associated with the processing and distribution of crude and refined petroleum products in many oil producing countries like Nigeria. Hydrocarbon contaminants in soil are potentially phytotoxic to plants and interfere with plant establishment and growth as well as other land uses. The problems of pollution have led to the exploration of many remedial approaches to effect the clean-up of the polluted soils....


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