Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Low-Cost Construction through the Use of Pulverized Bone Foamed Aerated Concrete (PB-FAC)

AbstractProvision of affordable housing especially for low-income earners, which forms the majority of the population, continues to be elusive in the nations of world. The major reason given for this is the high cost of building and construction materials. Concrete and concrete products constitute the major building construction materials. However, cement which is the main binder in concrete production has been identified as the major contributor to increasing high cost of construction. This ...

28-Day Strength Predicting Model for Foamed Aerated Concrete Containing Pulverized Bone as a Partial Replacement of Cement

Abstract: This paper presents the results of a mathematical model developed for predicting the 28-day compressive strength of foamed aerated concrete containing pulverised bone as partial replacement of cement for the purpose of quality controls. Strength-porosity relation was used as a basis for the development of the model, and the Bisection Methods of Numerical analysis was used to evaluate the inherent constants. For all the percentages of cement replacement with pulverised bone, the expe...

A COMPARISON OF BOND PERFORMANCE OF CONCRETE REINFORCED WITH REINFORCEMENTS FROM DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS

ABSTRACTThe transfer of stress from a deformed bar to the concrete is achieved by mechanical locking of the steel into the surrounding concrete. This interfacial bond strength between steel and the surrounding concrete is an important factor influencing the strength and durability of reinforced concrete structure. This paper presents the result of investigation conducted to find out the bond performance of reinforcement from different manufacturer. 12 mm and 16 mm diameter steel specimens fro...

SUITABILITY OF POLYVINYL WASTE POWDER AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT FOR CEMENT IN CONCRETE PRODUCTION

ABSTRACTThis work presents the results of investigation conducted to assess the suitability of polyvinyl waste powder (PWP) as partial replacement of cement in the production of concrete. Up to 50% by weight of cement was replaced with PWP at interval of 10%. The parameters investigated are: the chemical composition of polyvinyl waste powder (PWP) and the setting times of cement-polyvinyl paste. Also investigated in concrete containing polyvinyl powder were: workability, density, compressive ...

Flexural Performance of Bamboo Reinforced Foamed Aerated Concrete Beams With and Without Compression Reinforcement

AbstractThe results of investigation conducted to evaluate the flexural performance of foamed aerated concrete beams with bamboo splints as tensile reinforcement, but with and without shear links are reported in this paper. The properties assessed are: density, compressive strength, crack pattern, deflection, and failure and moments. Foamed aerated concrete, having a cement-sand ratio of 1:3 was prepared. For foam generation, foaming agent and water in the ratio of 1:33 was prepared. A total ...

Cost-Effective Design of Structural Elements through the Process of Structural Optimization

AbstractIn the design of structural elements, there is usually more than one feasible and equally safe solution, even though not all of them may be cost-effective. Obtaining the cost-effective design out of the numerous designs is tedious, cumbersome and time-consuming. This work present the result of optimization process of a structural element carried out by using the numerical features of the Excel software. In the optimizing process, cost effectiveness in terms of area reinforcement and c...

Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Containing Polyvinyl Waste Powder (PWP) as Replacement of Cement

ABSTRACTThe flexural performance of reinforced concrete beam specimens with polyvinyl waste powder (PWP) as partial replacement of cement is reported in this paper. Cement was replaced with PWP up to 50% by weight at intervals of 10%. The flexural parameters investigated were: the failure patterns, load-deflection characteristics, stiffness, and ultimate moments. The reinforced beam specimens used were 150 x 150 x 1000 mm, and tests were done at the curing age of 28 days. The results showed t...

Effect of Foam Concentration on Structural Characteristics of Steel Reinforced Aerated Concrete Beams

ABSTRACTThis work presents the results of investigation conducted to evaluate the effect of foam concentration on the structural properties of steel- reinforced foamed aerated concrete beams. The properties investigated were the density, compressive strength, shear strength, and flexural strength. Relationships between compressive strengths and densities were developed, as well as comparison between the compressive strengths and the shear strengths. The foam concentrate/water ratios adopted i...

Flexural performance of foam concrete containing pulverised bone as partial replacement of cement

Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study conducted to investigate the flexural behaviour of foam concrete containing pulverised bone as partial replacement of cement. A total of sixty reinforced beams (150×150×750 mm) were used to investigate the flexural behaviour of the specimens. For reinforcement of the beams, hot-rolled, deformed 10-mm-diameter bars with yield and ultimate stresses of 478.10 N/mm2 and 710.81 N/mm2 respectively were used. The cement constituent of the mix wa...

A REVIEW AND INVESTIGATIONS OF SOME PROPERTIES OF FOAMED AERATED CONCRETE

AbstractThe paper presents the results of investigation conducted on foamed aerated concrete – a lightweight concrete - with a view to determining its potential as a construction material in Nigeria. The properties investigated on foamed aerated concrete having a designed density of 1600kg/m3 were: workability, density, compressive strength, tensile strength, and the water absorption capacity. The results showed that at the designed density adopted for this work, the material was workable a...

EFFECTS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH ON SOME STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE WITH RECYCLED COARSE AGGREGATES

Abstract: This paper presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine some structural properties of concrete made with recycled coarse aggregates but containing (PKSA) as partial replacement of cement by weight. Cement was replaced with palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) up to 50% by weight at interval of 5% to produce the concrete used in the investigation. The properties investigated were: setting times, workability, compressive strength, and tensile strength. The results showed th...

Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements

PrefaceThis text on the limit state design of reinforced concrete elements was developed out of my class notes, prepared for teaching and training undergraduate students studying Civil engineering and related disciplines, the design of reinforced concrete structures. The book intends to provide introduction and solid foundation to the students in the principles of limit state design, especially in Nigeria where there is a dearth of indigenous books in the area.Though the book is primarily aim...

The Development of a Multi Purpose Wet Food Sieving Machine

ABSTRACTWet sieving is still a manual operation in tropical crop processing. It is a time consuming operation. Most of the existing wet sieving machines are available in large scale industries and they are too sophisticated to operate and maintain by local processors. Therefore, a motorized starch extracting machine, based on shaking mechanism was designed, fabricated and tested to solve the problem associated with sieving of starch and other agricultural crops in Nigeria. The machine consist...

Effect of different poultry wastes on physical, chemical and biological properties of soil

ABSTRACTThe effect of poultry waste application on physicochemical and biological properties of sandy clay loam soil was investigated on a 7m X 7m plot of land. Plot was divided into four portions and 7.5kg each of broiler, cockerel and layers waste was applied to plot A, B, and C in slurry form while plot D was used as control(no application) for eight weeks with two weeks interval. After the fourth application, samples were taken from the plot for laboratory analysis. The results showed tha...

PRODUCT TEMPERATURE RESPONSE OF A LOCALLY DEVELOPED EXTRUDER TO DIFFERENT EXTRUSION CONDITIONS

ABSTRACTIn this study, the product temperature response of a single screw extruder developed locally was investigated for the extrusion process of the flour and starch of maize and cassava which are grown in Nigeria in large quantity but yet underutilized. These were compared with wheat flour which is commonly used for the production of alimentary pastes in a factorial experiment in completely randomized design A maximum temperature of 150oC per 30 minutes was attained through viscous dissipa...


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