Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Data Mining And Knowledge Discovery In Database For Improved Industrial Safety

Abstract Safety is crucial in oil and gas industries, it is normal practice to collect incident reports daily. The volume of such reports is always very huge, as a result, the interpretation poses a great challenge. Consequently, there is an urgent need for techniques that can intelligently assist in transforming such vast amount of data into useful information and knowledge. Data mining is part of the knowledge discovery process that offers ways of extracting non-trivial, previously un...

Construction Of Arduino Based Quadruple Auto Power Supply For Domestic Application

ABSTRACT The problem of epileptic power supply and its consequences in the developing countries is a generally known issue. Worst still, the hope that it will be addressed with the deregulation of electricity Industries in recent time are being dashed by flight to top class investors due to its poor implementation. There is a need to provide multiple sources of power and automatic mechanisms for switching from one source to another. This is achieved in this work where quadruple power s...

Comparative Economic Analysis Of Compressed Natural Gas And Automotive Gas Oil As Automobile Fuels

ABSTRACT Comparative economic analysis of the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) and the use of AGO for power generation was presented. The data for costs of constructing and running CNG-powered vehicles were obtained for the study. Separate economic analyses of running the CNG-powered vehicles and running AGO vehicles were performed. The initial capital cost for CNG project amounted to N4.31 million and that for diesel was N3.60 million while the annual operating cost for CNG is N1.4...

Comparative Analysis Of Renewable Energy Sources For Power Generation In Nigeria

ABSTRACT A comparative analysis of renewable energy sources for power generation in Nigeria is presented. The three renewable energy resources of solar radiation, wind energy and hydro power were investigated for six locations (Northwest, Northeasth, North-central, Southwest, Southeast and South-south) representing the six geo-political zones of Nigeria. The Hargreaves and Samani model was used to investigate the solar energy potential of the study locations of Sokoto, Maiduguri, Makur...

Comparative Analysis And Prediction Of Remediation Rates Of Microbes In Simulated Polluted Soil Samples

ABSTRACT The study compared and predicted the remediation rates of microbes using the rate removal of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Content (TPHC) of a crude oil polluted land. This was done using field experimental data generated from the soil of the Federal University of Technology Owerri Research Farm in Imo State, Nigeria. The soil was artificially polluted in the laboratory with crude oil - Bonny light - with specific gravity of 0.8323. Petroleum contaminant present in the soil was 2...

Characterization Of Nigerian Crude Oil Wax

ABSTRACT Flow assurance is the efficient and successful flow of fluids in pipes. Some of the flow assurance challenges that can be encountered include hydrate formation, which is prevalent offshore, sand deposition, wax precipitation, scale deposits, or emulsion problems. In onshore production facilities in the Niger delta, wax deposition is the major challenge to efficient fluid flow. Consequently, it has been the focus of research to proffer effective predictive control measures to a ...

Buckling And Vibration Analyses Of Line Continuum Using 6 X 6 Stiffness Matrices

ABSTRACT This research work presents buckling and vibration analyses of line continuum using 6 x 6 stiffness matrices. The study used six term Taylor McLaurin’s polynomial series shape function and the stiffness matrices were developed using energy variational principle. Two deformable nodes were considered at the centre of the continuum which brings the number of deformable nodes to six. The six term Taylor McLaurin’s shape function was substituted into strain energy equation and ...

Buckling Analysis Of Plates Subjected To Biaxial Forces Using Galerkin’s Method

ABSTRACT This work studied the buckling analysis of plates subject to biaxial forces using the Galerkin’s method. Twelve boundary conditions were considered. The plate deflection equations were obtained using the polynomial series, and from the plate deflection equations, the expression for the critical buckling loads of the different plate boundary conditions were obtained for different aspect ratios, ∝ using the Galerkin’s functional. The aspect ratios, considered throughout this...

Buckling Analysis Of Isotropic Rectangular Plates Using Ritz Method

ABSTRACT This research work presents the buckling analysis of isotropic rectangular plates using Ritz method. The Ritz method and polynomial series were used in the analysis. The various boundary conditions covered in this research work includes SSFS, CCFC, CSFS, CCFS, SCFC and SCFS. The polynomial series was truncated at the fifth term, which satisfied all the boundary conditions of the plate and resulted to a peculiar shape function. The resulting shape function were substituted into ...

Fabrication And Characterization Of Tio2/In(Oh)Xsy/Sns Composite Eta Solar Cell

ABSTRACTA highly structured TiO2/In(OH)xSy/SnS solar cell has been developed based on the Extremely Thin Absorber (ETA) concept. In this set up, TiO2 formed the window layer, In(OH)xSy was used as a buffer layer while SnS was used as the thin absorber film. Its small band gap (~1.3eV) makes it more appropriate for optical absorption. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) thin films was prepared by spray pyrolysis. Deposition time for TiO2 films varied in the range of 1-4 minutes that gave film thickness of...

Bacteria Corrosion Of Mild And Medium Carbon Steels

ABSTRACT Investigations were carried out to determine the corrosion effect of sulphur-reducing bacteria on mild and medium carbon steels. Specimens were exposed to anaerobic, aerobic and distilled water environments. The corrosion rates were evaluated at intervals of seven days using weight loss and electro-chemical methods for a period of forty two days. The specimens were also subjected to visual examination and the result indicated uniform corrosion in all the environments. In all ...

Artificial Neural Network Model For The Prediction Of Elastic Modulus Of Concrete

ABSTRACT This research presents Artificial Neural Network Model for the prediction of the Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete. Egbulonu (2011) equation derived from Scheffe’s (4, 2) simplex equation for predicting the Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) was used to generate 800 values. These data represent different values of Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) out of which, 571 values were selected randomly by the artificial neural network. From the selected values, 400 were used for training the ne...

Analysis Of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) And Its Performance Enhancement Methods On Wireless Networks

ABSTRACT Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is the dominant transport protocol in the Internet and supports many of the most popular Internet applications, such as the World Wide Web (WWW), file transfer and e-mail. The recently developed advanced wireless networks, such as GPRS, are known to cause delay spikes in packet transfer which causes unnecessary TCP retransmission timeouts. In order to find solutions to this effect, packet losses across wireless links should be distinguished f...

A Tool For The Simulation Of Stream Processing Tasks On Two Dimensional Processor Arrays

ABSTRACT A tool for the simulation of stream processing tasks on two dimensional processor arrays is developed in this work. The tool, a Many-core Energy and Latency Estimator (MELE) has provided abstractions from the many design constraints facing application developers on Many-core platforms. A set of models have been designed to improve the programmer’s ability to iteratively map data flow applications to the target machine. Included in the model set are; an application model, wh...

A Novel Approach For Estimating Critical Rate And Horizontal Well Placement In Oil Rim Reservoirs

ABSTRACT Coning tendencies in oil rim reservoirs pose serious hindrance to optimizing oil production in the thin oil beds as unwanted fluids tend to replace the oil in the production stream, which invariably limits the ultimate oil recovery. In this study, a semi-analytical method of estimating critical production rate (qoc) and optimum horizontal well placement (hopt) was developed for reservoirs with thin oil zones sandwiched between gas cap and bottom water. Also, proxy models was ge...


136 - 150 Of 2795 Results