Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Micro-Controller Based Access Control Lock Using Fingerprint Biometrics And Passcode Authentication

ABSTRACT This project report is an excerpt of the design of a Micro-controller based Access Control Lock system implemented to assist the university with the aid of security personnel in the prompt detection of students who have not completed necessary fees payment and to checkmate the problem of the ever increasing rate of examination impersonation perpetuated by students. The Micro-controller based Access Control Lock system is an automatic software-based system having two major part...

Mathematical Models For Sandbag Checkdam

ABSTRACT The study was aimed at developing mathematical models on the hydraulic performance of Sandbags as Checkdam for erosion control. Pilot studies were carried out at two sites. Site ‘A’ was a natural gully at a location in Ezinihitte-Mbaise, Imo State while site ‘B’ was an artificial channel excavated on the slope of Otamiri River at Federal University of Technology, Owerri. Artificial runoff was simulated into site ‘B’ by pumping water from Otamiri River. Sandbags of v...

Kinetic Modelling Of Enhanced Bioremediation Of Hydrocarbon Polluted Soil

ABSTRACT Remediation of hydrocarbon polluted soil applying all existing techniques can be slow, expensive and requires close monitoring. Bioremediation and phytoremediation augmented bioremediation have been used to treat petroleum contaminated soil and even the difficult poly aromatic hydrocarbon polluted soil which takes longer time. What has not been studied was the effect of heavy metals present in petroleum which slows down the substrate degradation by microorganisms. After the pri...

Investigation Of Voltage Stability In Nigeria Integrated Power System Using Pattern Recognition From Power System Simulator For Engineering (PSSE)

ABSTRACT The basic idea deals with detecting the voltage collapse ahead of time to provide the operators a lead time for remedial actions and for possible prevention of blackouts. To detect cases of voltage collapse, pattern recognition in conjunction with power system simulator for engineering (PSSE) program was created and then deployed in Nigeria 330KV integrated power system to develop Regularized Least Squares Classification (RLSC) as well as Classification and Regression Trees (CA...

Investigation Of The Structural Characteristics Of Lime-Cement Concrete

ABSTRACT This work investigated the structural characteristics of lime cement concrete using 30 selected mix ratios. The properties studied include, compressive strength, flexural strength, splitting tensile strength, shear strength, poisson ratio, modulus of elasticity, and modulus of rigidity. A total of 360 concrete cube specimen, 360 concrete prototype beam specimen, and 360 concrete cylinder specimen were cast and cured in open water tanks. 3 specimen were cast for each mix proporti...

Investigation And Simulation Of A Micro Hydro, Solar And Biomas Hybrid Energy System For Off-Grid Locations In Nigeria

ABSTRACT Isolated or Stand-alone power systems with the use of renewable energy sources have become cost-effective and a convenient option for areas where grid connection is neither available nor feasible. A hybrid combination of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) is considered to be the best suited alternative to an expensive grid extension for remote areas around the world. This research focuses on creating a model for electricity generation from a mix of renewable resources (hydro...

Inhibition Of The Corrosion Of Mild Steel In Acidic Environment Using Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Leaf Extract As Inhibitor

ABSTRACT The inhibition of corrosion of mild steel by Azadirachta indica leaf extract in acidic environments of HCl and HNO3 from pH1 to pH6 has been investigated using the weight loss technique. The Azadirachta indica leaf extract is the inhibitor and the mild steel used was in the form of coupons. The investigations were carried out at ambient temperature. The optimum concentration of the extract used for the experimentation was obtained by soaking 200g of ground fresh Azadirachta in...

Implementation Of Data Logging With Wireless Sensor Networks

ABSTRACT The goal of this project was to design a data logging interface using wireless network principle in order to facilitate the process of monitoring physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity, e.tc in the environment. There is a growing desire to find an efficient and cost effective means to monitor these physical parameters, especially at home and industries. The absence of a means to monitor these quantities in an environment has led to so many inadequacies. T...

Gsm Mobile App: A Solution To The Challenges Of The Current Voting System In Tertiary Institutions In Nigeria

ABSTRACT The word “vote” means to choose from a list, to elect or to determine. The main goal of voting (in a scenario involving the students of a given tertiary institution), is to come up with student-leaders of the students’ choice.Most tertiary institutions, FUTO not an exception have problems when it comes to voting. Some of the problems involved include rigging votes during election, insecure or inaccessible polling arena, inexperienced personnel and so on because voting in ...

Factors Affecting The Colour Yield Of An Acid Dye On Nylon Fabric

ABSTRACT The factors that affect the colour yield of an acid dye on nylon fabric were investigated at a constant temperature of 500C, usingC.I. Acid Yellow 23,with citric acid and sodium chloride as auxiliaries. It was observed from the absorbance results that the colour yield of C.I. Acid Yellow 23 improved with increase in time of dyeing, while the absence or increase beyond 1% (acid) and 5% (salt) reduced the colour yield of the acid dye on the nylon fabric. Also, at a constant dyei...

Experimental Investigation Of Upflow Bioreactors With Central Substrate Dispenser

ABSTRACT Experimental investigation of anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW) in an upflow bioreactor with central substrate dispenser (UBCSD) is presented. The UBCSD consists of two similar size bioreactors joined by a central substrate dispenser (CSD). The UBCSD is a component of an integrated system of bioreactors also containing the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and the continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), assembled systematic...

Pedagogical Challenges Facing The Teaching Of Business Studies And Impact On Students’ Achievement In Secondary Schools In Nyandarua County- Kenya

ABSTRACTThe teaching of Business Studies, overtime has been recording below average performance in the national examinations all over the world, Kenya inclusive. Studies carried out in some other part of the world clearly document the reasons for this and the measures that have been undertaken to alleviate this problem. This study sought to investigate the pedagogical challenges facing the teaching of Business Studies subject and their impact on students’ achievemen...

Effect Of Zn Doping On In2se3 Thin Films For Phase Change Random Access Memory (Pram) Applications

AbstractPhase Change Memory is one of the most promising concepts for the future generations of Non Volatile Memories. Extensive work is nowadays performed on the Phase Change Materials to optimize the cell properties for specific applications. In particular, for the embedded memory market, it is desirable to reduce the writing current while raising data retention capability. In2Se3 has shown remarkable characteristics for phase change random access memory (PRAM) applications. Among the remar...

Characterization Of Cuxny And Cdo:Al Thin Films For Solar Cell Applications

BSTRACTA solar cell is a device that converts light energy into electricity by photovoltaic effect. The photovoltaic effect refers to photons of light exciting electrons into a higher state of energy, allowing them to act as charge careers for an electric current. Materials presently used for solar cell fabrication include silicon, gallium arsenide (GaAs) among others. However, these materials are expensive and not readily available. As a result, there is need to search for alternative materi...

Fabrication And Characterization Of Al/Znse Thin Film Schottky Diode

ABSTRACT The desire for smaller, more efficient and faster semiconductor devices has made the design of the Schottky devices, material preparation and characterization very vital. There is little research if any on the effect of Schottky contact geometry on I-V characteristics. In this study various circular and rectangular thin filmed Al/ZnSe Schottky diodes were designed by varying; the shape, area of the Schottky contact, the inter electrode distance and thickness of the thin fi...


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