Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Effects Of Liquid Holdup On Hydrocarbon Production In Tapered Tubing String Using Niger Delta Fluid Properties

Abstract Effects of liquid holdup on hydrocarbon production in tapered tubing string using Niger Delta fluid properties was undertaken in this work. Oil reservoir fluids flow to the surface as a multicomponent fluid in pipes during production. Multiphase flow occurs due to the density of different phases involved in reservoir fluid and each fluid phase flow at different velocity. In this study, analytically developed equations and existing fluid correlations were used for determination o...

Effect Of Cooling Rate And Modification On The Microstructure And Tensile Properties Of Al-Si-Mg Alloy

ABSTRACT The effect of cooling rate and modification on the microstructure and tensile properties of Al-Si-Mg alloys was carried out. Castings were produced using a stepped pattern that has different section thicknesses. Sand casting technique was used. A thermocouple inserted into the mould cavity recorded the cooling rates for the different sections. The Al5.43%Si3.83%Mg which was melted in the crucible furnace was modified with sodium (Na) and strontium (Sr) in separate cases. The m...

Economic Analysis And Application Of Single Point Gas Lift Systems For Marginal Fields Of The Niger Delta

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to develop an innovative technique for optimized gas lift design for marginal fields of the Niger Delta. This study used well data from mature fields located southwest of the Niger Delta to develop optimized gas lift design techniques using the single point continuous gas lift approach. A total of fifty-nine (59) wells from the fields were selected for preliminary screening as potential gas lift candidates. The screening process involved; reviewing...

Dynamic Analysis Of Induction Machine Connected To Infinite Bus-Bar

ABSTRACT The dynamic simulation is one of the key steps in the validation of the design process of the motor drive systems and it is needed for eliminating inadvertent design mistakes and the resulting error in the prototype construction and testing. A quality mathematical model of induction machine based on the dynamic equations and D-Q transformation technique is presented in rotor reference frame and a computer simulation of a 7.5kW three phase induction motor was carried out based o...

Dimensional And Regression Models Of Rainfall Intensity-Frequency Relations

ABSTRACT In the design of flood control structures, there is need for rainfall intensity estimation for design discharge computation. To make the rainfall intensity values easily available in south-east and south-south Nigeria, this research developed rainfall models. Dimensional and Regression analyses were used to produce models of rainfall intensities. The dimensional models are dimensionally balanced as opposed to the other models which are based on Talbot, Benard and Quotient equ...

Development Of Predictive Models For Diffusion Rate Of Spilled Crude Oil In Niger Delta Soils

ABSTRACT Simplified predictive numerical models have been developed for diffusion rate of crude oil spilled into Niger Delta soils. The proposed model equations were developed using Fourier transformation, and Green’s function. The induction principles as well as the indicial matrix method of dimensional analysis were adopted in determining the functional parameters that could possibly influence their diffusion rates. These mathematical models correctly predict one – dimensional lon...

Development Of Drilling Fluid From Biomaterials

ABSTRACT New Biodegradable drilling fluids were developed using Brachystegia eurycoma (achi), Detarium microcarpum (ofo) and Pleurotus (osu). The drilling properties such as yield point, apparent viscosity, low shear rate yield point and fluid loss were determined.The field polymer muds that are currently in use namely; PAC-R and PAC-L were formulated and used as control samples to the new proposed product. Herschel –Buckley model was used to obtain the yield stress. Cutting transpor...

Development Of A Smart Energy Management System In A Community Based Microgrid

ABSTRACT In this work, an expert system for energy management in community based microgrid was developed. This was necessitated in a bid to address the inadequate power supply predominant in sub-Saharan African countries, while also addressing the problem of energy wastage that comes from individuals supplying their own energy demands. To achieve this, an architecture for a microgrid network was developed by adopting existing standards in the geographical region of interest. An energy ...

Development Of A Gas Propelled Rocket Engine

ABSTRACT This thesis examines the development of a gas propellant rocket motor using cheap local materials. The fabrication of the prototype rocket engine was achieved by using machine tools like the lathe and drilling machines. The internal radius around the nozzle throat area was made without using any special tools for curves. The engine was tested twice and readings or data taken for pressure and temperature. Two thermocouples were damaged because the temperature exceeded their temp...

Development Of A Cathodic Protection System Using A Galvanic Anode Method

ABSTRACT The development of a Cathodic Protection System for a mild steel pipe using a magnesium anode was investigated. The pipe was externally coated with three layers of polykene tape wrapping and the soil resistivity was determined using the Wenner four pin method; a value of 2177Ωcm was obtained. The design parameters for the developed Cathodic Protection System were: total current of 0.0153mA; current density of 0.01mA/m 2 ; protection current of 0.0153mA; protection voltage o...

Development And Performance Evaluation Of A Non-Weighing Lysimeter For African Spinach

ABSTRACT A non-weighing lysimeter was designed, fabricated, tested and installed at Arochukwu, Abia State, Nigeria, where the farmers who engage in dry season vegetable production do so with no knowledge of irrigation water requirements. This method tends to either over-irrigation or under-irrigation below the vegetable water requirements. Too much water can leach costly fertilizers to depths below the root zone, where both the water and fertilizer are permanently lost. Too little water...

Development And Performance Evaluation Of A Tray Column Under Vertical And Tilt Conditions

ABSTRACT In this work, the operation and performance of a novel Separation Tray Column under Vertical and Tilt conditions is presented. The Tray Column used for the work is a Downcomerless liquid initiated and controlled Valve Tray with capacity to shut portions of the tray lacking liquid at any time. To evaluate the mass transfer performance of this column, an oxidation experiment was conducted at 300C and the percentage of Fe (II) oxidised to Fe (III) from contaminated water by air wa...

Development And Evaluation Of An Integral Passive Solar Crop Dryer

ABSTRACT A direct-heated solar crop dryer suitable for rural farmers and households was developed and evaluated. The simple structured dryer was fabricated using square and round pipes, aluminium sheet, Perspex, wire gauze, bolts and nuts. Its performance was evaluated using cassava chips and three cylindrical aluminium chimneys of heights 1200mm, 800mm and 400mm; all of equal diameter. Mature cassava roots were peeled, washed, chopped into flat circular chips of 10mm thickness and spr...

Developing Rainfall Models For Enugu City

ABSTRACT Suitable rainfall models of Enugu City is presented based on the statistical method of least squares. A total of 23 rainfall models are developed in all and grouped into 2 sets. The first set contains 4 rainfall models which represents an inverse relationship between rainfall intensities and durations for specified return periods of 1.1, 2.2, 5.5 and 11 years. High and positive values of coefficients of correlations of 0.9735 to 0.9885 were obtained; an indication of good curv...

Determination Of The Hydraulic Conductivity And Infiltration Capacity Of The Fedral Unversity Of Technology Owerri (Futo) Farm

ABSTRACT This thesis describes the in situ methods of the determination of both the hydraulic conductivity and infiltration capacity of the Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO) farm soil. The inverse anger hole method was chosen to determine the hydraulic conductivity due to its simplicity and effectiveness. Cognizance was taken of the factors as presented in the project report that affect the results determined. Also the various methods of determining the two parameters were...


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