Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON HYDROLYSIS OF CELLULOSE (SAW-DUST)

ABSTRACTThe effect of concentration of hydrochloric acid on hydrolysis of cellulose (sawdust) to glucose was studied on this research project and the steps obtained to achieve this project involved treatment of saw-dust (cellulose) with different concentrations of the acid at constant temperature of 80°

THE PRODUCTION OF YAM FLOUR

ABSTRACTThe project dealt on the production of yam flour from yam chips. The yams were peeled and washed, 100grams samples coded sample A to G were subjected to two different drying conditions. Some were dried using the sun drying method while the others were dried through oven drying method kept at constant temperature of 500C, sodium bi-carbonate was added to some of the samples, all these were done to obtain a flour with the best colour and texture quality. From the results obtained, it wa...

A COMPARATIVE ENTHALPY APPROACH FOR CO- AND COUNTER CURRENT FLOW IN CONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

ABSTRACTAccording to the modern or dynamical Theory of heat: Heat a form of energy. The molecules of a substance are in parallel motion. The mean Kinetic energy per molecules of the substance is proportional to its absolute temperature. In description of heat, a molecule may consist of one or two or many atom depending upon the nature of the gas. The force of attraction between the molecules of a perfect gas is negligible. The atom in a molecules vibrate with respect to one another, consequen...

ANALYSIS OF CRUDE PALM OIL

ABSTRACTThis project was carried out to ascertain whether the local palm oil met the required standard.  The analytical test carried out include the free fatty acid test the acid value, iodine value moisture, content, saponfication value, peroxide value, specific gravity, colour and viscosity.The specific gravity of the oil sample was determined by comparing its weight when filled with the sample and that of water, while its moisture content was analyzed by oven drying the sample for a p...

ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PROXIMATE COMPOSITION OF AFRICAN PEER.

ABSTRACTPlants are important in our everyday existence. They provide our foods, produce the oxygen we breathe, and serve as raw materials for many industrial products such as clothes, foot wears and so many others. Plants also provide raw materials for our buildings and in the manufacture of biofuels, dyes, perfumes, pesticides, adsorbents and drugs. The plant kingdom has proven to be the most useful in the treatment of diseases and they provide an important source of all the world’s pharma...

EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF VEGETABLE OIL USING BREAD FRUIT SEED.

ABSTRACTA vegetable oil is a triglyceride extracted from a plant. Such oils have been part of human culture for millennia. The term "vegetable oil" can be narrowly defined as referring only to substances that are liquid at room temperature, or broadly defined without regard to a substance's state of matter at a given temperature. For this reason, vegetable oils that are solid at room temperature are sometimes called vegetable fats. Vegetable oils are composed of triglycerides, as contras...

Construction And Fabrication of Iron Truck of Capacity 200kg

ABSTRACTConveying goods from one place to another via trucks has been a long-held practice because of its usefulness. There are different types of trucks that are available in this regard such as ; two axle, three axle, four axle trucks etc and each with its unique functionality.Businesses relying on the movement of bulky raw materials and finished goods regardless of the distance no doubt require a truck to ease this task.In line with this challenge, it is desired to design and construc...

Production and characterization of briquette from chat residue

Briquette is a block of compressed materials suitable for burning. Briquettes can be made from low cost materials such as old newspaper, any bio mass wastes and agricultural residues. They can be used as fuel instead of charcoal, firewood or mineral coal and costs less. Depending on which materials were used to make the briquettes, they may burn cleaner than charcoal. Finally, turning waste materials into a fuel source is attractive because it reduces waste as well as reducing the demand for ...

Control of Nitrogen oxide emission

ABSTRACTIt is proposed to design a process plant that will control nitrogen oxide emission from a plant that is producing 90wt% nitric acid of 30,000 tonnes of nitric acid. This capacity is based on 8000hours of operation per year i.e. 330 days. It is proposed that this plant will be located in any location where there is substantial release of nitrogen oxides.The process plant will control about 90% of the nitrogen oxides being emitted from the nitric acid plant.The controller which is calle...

ESTIMATION OF THE DEGREE OF IMPURITIES IN INDUSTRIAL AND DOMESTIC WASTE WATER

ABSTRACTWater is one of the most important substances on earth. All plant and animals must have water to survive. If there is no water there would be no life on earth. Disease causing germs and chemicals find their way into water supplies when this happens, the water becomes polluted. The principal objective of this research work is to asses the impurities found  in domestic and industrial wastewater. Other objectives are to asses the presence and absence of organic, inorganic and micro-...

OPTIMIZATION OF ADSORPTION CONDITION FOR THE REMOVAL OF METHYLENE BLUE DYE USING CONVENTIONALLY ACTIVATED HAMBURGER SEED SHEEL

ABSTRACTThis research project was aimed at optimization of adsorption conditions for removal of methylene blue dye using conventionally activated hamburger seed shell.  The activated carbon was first prepared from the hamburger seed shell through carbonization at a temperature of 8000C for 2 hours followed by activation using conc. KOH 9m as activating agent at a temperature if 8500C for 1hour.  The prepared activated carbon was then used for the removal of methylene blue from aqueo...

EVALUATING THE DIFFERENT METHODS OF CORROSION PREVENTION, CONTROL AND MONITORING

ABSTRACTThis research work was carried out to evaluate the different methods of corrosion prevention, control and monitoring. In the course of the research many scholarly articles on the subject matter were reviewed from which the researcher got lot information concerning the topic at hand. Thus making the research work a reliable source of information as far as facts about corrosion is concerned. To ensure this work satisfies the quality expected of it, an experiment was carried out by ...

INTERFACE MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF PIPELINE AND PRODUCTS MARKETING COMPANY LIMITED ENUGU DEPOT

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out with the sole aim of monitoring interface in the transportation of petroleum pipeline products and the analysis of this product from Enugu depot.  In the research it was observed that product contaminates each other if interface was not properly monitored and cut at the appropriate time.The three major products that were considered in this research were premium motor spirit (PMS) automotive gas premium (AGO0 and dual purpose kerosene  (DPK).The ...

TRANSMITTER

ABSTRACT This project as the name implies is chosen, designed and constructed with the intention of transmitting information such as musicals news intertainments programs and soon. And all these that are written above are being transmitted to the atmosphere using an electromagnetic, signal, and this particular project design and construction is exactly the type of electronics, instrument that are mainly used in a Radio Broadcasting House or Studica all over the world and ever in a communi...

THE CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES OF ELECTRICITY MARKET IN NIGERIA IN THE FACE OF DEREGULATION

ABSTRACTElectricity is fundamental and inevitable to our daily living as it lighting our environment, powers our homes, schools, hospitals, offices, businesses, and aid industrialization, It is a known phenomena that the economic growth of a nation rides on the wheel of electricity. While the telecommunication market in Nigeria has recorded advancement and stability, electricity market in Nigeria is facing mix challenges ranging from slow growth in generation capacity (generation capacity per...


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