Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

THE CONSTRUCTION OF SIEVE ANALYSIS EQUIPMENT

ABSTRACTThe sets of seizes with shaker which was fabricated and assembled in the Chemical Engineering pilot plant was aimed at providing the students with a machine that will aid them in practical involving the separation of solid particles, besides, this, it was also fabricated sizes or diameter of the solid particles of a substances by allowed it pass through the pores or a partures of the size plates.    The process of operation involved the following: Marketing out of the s...

CONSTRUCTION OF A JUICE EXTRACTOR MACHINE

ABSTRACT This project (construction of a simple size reduction machine) it was constructed locally with the use of local materials and tools in I. M. T. mechanical engineering workshop. The various parts of the equipment were constructed separately using mild steel before finally coupled.  During  the construction, the conveyors and its housing where first constructed. It consists of a shaft with helical rod wound round it. The paper was measured out and welded from a mild steel she...

CONSTRUCTION OF SOAP CUTTING DEVICE

ABSTRACT The aim of the project is to construct a soap cutting device capable of size-remaining the soap produced into regular bars and tablets without error in shapes and sizes. Soap cutting devices are used to size reduce or cut the bulk of soap produced into bars and tablets.  Soap cutting devices facilitate the process of cutting the produced soap to a required size that can be handled.  It is a kind of modern technical way of size reducing the already produced soap in a modern ...

DESIGN OF MELON DE-HUSKING AND SEPARATION MACHINE

 INTRODUCTION Nigeria is an agricultural nation. Melon (Citrullus Vulgaris) is widely cultivated in Nigeria, among other seedlings during the planting season yearly. Several tones of the melon seeds are gathered each harvesting period but only very low percentage of the total harvest are dried by atmospheric draught and bagged for storage. High percentage waste is encored due to lack of good processing and storage facilities.Melon when properly processed yields a lot of by-products, whic...

PLANT MAINTENANCE AND SERVICES

INTRODUCTIONPlanned maintenance apart from programming inspection, should include monitoring, logging, periodic checks and tests of system as to guarantee correct day-today hitch free functioning and control of “closed circuit” water systems to maintain trouble-free operations.This first requirement for any maintenance system planned or otherwise is to compile an inventory of all plants and equipment to be maintained. Besides, additional information mus...

PRODUCTION OF WOOD ADHESIVE

ABSTRACTAdhesive is a substance that holds materials together by surface attachment, while wood adhesive is a substance that is used to hold plywood for furniture works. This substance is essential and has universal applications. Thus the aim of this research work is to produce it using cassava starch as a base binder. Starch is also used in industries to produce ethanol and glucose for textile industries, laundry and paper adhesive industries.It is of great importance to paper, wood and furn...

CONSTRUCTION OF A BLENDER

ABSTRACTBlender is an electric machine for size reducing soft food or liquid mixture.  Blender is some time called liquidizer consists of a glass jar or jug containing a steel blade assembly at the base driven by a small electric motor.Construction of blender was done based on the principle of size of reduction using electric motor as the major driver force.  During the construction of blender, we adopted different stages which includes:i. The production of preliminary drawings with...

EFFECT OF INTERFACE ON THE QUALITY OF PETROLEUM PRODUCT IN MULTI PURPOSE PIPELINE SYSTEM

 ABSTRACTInterface on petroleum product in multi-purpose pipeline system refers to as the zone of demarcation between two products where mixing occurs.  Generally, interface is a boundary layer, so the boundary between two products when they are pumped in succession is known as interface.In Nigeria Petroleum Industries like NNPC (PPMC) make use of multi-purpose pipeline system. This is where interface comes in petroleum products.  Interface as defined above plays a lot of econo...

DESULPHURISATION OF KEROSENE

ABSTRACTThis report aimed at determining  the presence and removal of mercaptan sulphur in kerosene using colour indicator method.  It is known that impurities such as free  sulphur,  sulphur dioxide, mercapters, funing materials etc. are found in petroleum products. Consequently,absorbents like molecular sieve, calcium oxide and even  activated carbon could  be  used  to trap these impurities, thereby making the  product impurity free.The afficac ...

PRODUCTION OF BLACK AND BROWN POLISH BROWN POLISH

ABSTRACTThis project is aimed at producing black and brown polish of good quality.  For clearity, polish is a substance rubbed on the surface of materials to make them smooth and shiny. Polish has being of immense importance in protecting leather surfaces and enhancing their beauty.To produce a standard polish, hard waxes such as carnduba wax, candelhla wax and palm wax; semi-hard waxes which include, paraffin wax and ozokerite; solvents like tupentine and naphtha; dyes and dryers are es...

PRODUCTION OF PLANT MIRROR USING LOCAL RAW MATERIAL

ABSTRACTThis project “production of plane mirror using local raw material” is meant to study the  possibility of producing plane mirror using sand rich in silica as its major local raw material.Plane mirror is produced by casting one side of a sheet glass.  Presently in Nigeria, sheet glass is not used easily produce and as such, the local raw material used in the  in the production of plane mirror in this product backing paint.  The facilities for the production inclu...

TEMPERATURE AND WATER REQUIREMENT FOR LEACHING OF CAUSTIC ALKALT FROM ‘NGU’

ABSTRACT The production and analysis of “Ngu” extract for temperature and water requirement for leaching of caustic alkali is the basic objective of this project.  The production was carried out by using unit operations and also using the female inflorescence of a palm fruit (Eleasis Guineesis) as raw material. The female inflorescence of palm fruit was size reduced from original dimensions to maintain particle size characteristics.  The size reduced bunches were dried at r...

INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATEMENT TECHNOLOGY IN PETROLEUM AND CHEMCIAL INDUSTRIAL

ABSTRACT Industrial waste water treatment covers the mechanisms and process used to treat water that have been contaminated in some way by anthropogenic industrial or commercial activities prior to its release into the environment or its re-use.Water is a natural and inorganic solvent with the composition of hydrogen and oxygen only (H20).  When there is addition of other organic or inorganic, substances (high levels of nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorous) in water which may come as...

ENERGY PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION

PREFACEThis book aims to introduce the student to Energy resources and fundamentals of combustion.The subject matter of the entire text has been arranged in the most commonly used order of preference and with ten chapters. The first three chapters deal with Energy resources, nature, Energy relationships in chemical system and the availability analysis. Chapter four of this text is confined to wood and its analysis as fuel.Chapter five deal with fossil fuel, its formation and utiliza...

BASIC REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING TECHNOLOGY

PREFACEI take this opportunity to present this book title Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technology to student of Degrees and Diploma Courses.  The object of this text is to present the subject in matter in more concise, compact to the point and in a lucid manner.While writing this book, I have continuously kept in mind the examination requirements of students preparing for Degrees and Diploma Examinations.In order to make this volume more useful for them, complete problems solutions...


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