Environmental & Physical Sciences

Environmental & Physical Sciences Research Papers/Topics

THE SHRINKING LAKE CHAD: IN NEED OF URGENT ACTION

The Lake Chad, is a source of water to millions of people in West Africa, has shrunk by nine-tenths due to climate change, and poor irrigation projects, which has been largely reported. The humanitarian disaster in the region is one of the world’s largest and most complex humanitarian tragedies. 

Smart Cities A Euphemism

What is a smart city? Can the concept work in a country like India? Current situation in the context of Indian economy What has the idea done to the  Indian socio-political environment? How has the self seeking political administration "used" the concept to its "financial"advantage How can our existing cities be made "smart"  

IT the Practice of Property Management in Lagos

ABSTRACT   O ne pervasive, potent force sweeping across the globe today is Information Technology. IT has become an enabler in multiple areas of human life. Business organisations, including professional services firms, in present times deploy IT to proactively and effectively drive service delivery. Appreciating that information is the lifeblood of their existence, the firms have come to the awareness that they need to embrace the opportunities presented by IT today in order to stay r...

ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Environmental problems like desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing, stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is very commendable. Many of the generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, soil erosion, chemical management, acidi...

Remediation by Enhanced Natural Attenuation (RENA)

The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding environment and negatively affect the ecosystem (...

Carbon footprint and climate change

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.

ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYOR AND VALUER IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY (A STUDY OF FIRST CITY MONUMENT BANK OWERRI, IMO STATE)

ABSTRACT This work examined the role of the Estate Surveyor and Valuer in the banking sector using First City Monument Bank Owerri as study area. The writer adopted both the primary and secondary sources of data in the course of carrying out the research. The researcher found out amongst others that professional Estate Surveyors and Valuers are not employed on full time basis in the Bank but rather their services are sought when the need arises to handle most of the complicated issues bothe...

ANALYSIS OF FIRE DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, RIVERS STATE/ NIGERIA

Fire emergency has become a recurring phenomenon in school environment. Unlike the developing countries, the availability of preparedness measures in most of the schools in developed countries has tremendously reduced the impact of incidences (U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Data Centre, 2007). In developing countries, however, the contrary is the case, the lack of or inadequate preparedness measures in most schools, and the increase in fire incidents are raising alarm. The physical, ...

An Analytical Study of Vulnerability and Adaptive Measures to Flood Disaster in Rivers State: A Case of Ahoada West Local Government Area.

The study was carried out to analyze the vulnerability and adaptive measures to flood disaster in Rivers State focusing on Ahoada west local government area. Structured questionnaire was used in collecting data from a total of number of one hundred and eighty  (180) respondents in Ahoada west local government area out of which one hundred and seventy two  (172)were retrieved. Data for this study were collected from primary and secondary sources.  The primary source was from structured ques...

THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC RECESSION ON PUBLIC PROJECT DELIVERY IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This study identified the impact of economic recession on public project delivery Ekiti state,Nigeria. Economic recession is a barrier to the completion of a project delivery. Thisisacommonissueencounteredin the construction industry across the globe most especially in the developing countries. Ekiti-State,more than15% of construction projects experienced more than five months delay while some were abandoned as a result of economic recession. Hence,the study of the impact of economic...

The Challenges of Digital Innovation in Quantity Surveying Profession

Table of Contents CHAPTER ONE  1.0 INTRODUCTION  1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT  1.2.1 MAIN PROBLEM  1.2.2 SUB-PROBLEM  1.3 DELIMITATION/SCOPE OF THE STUDY  1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS  1.5 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY  1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY  1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS  CHAPTER TWO  2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW  2.1 DIGITAL INNOVATION  2.1 BENEFITS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION  2.3 BARRIERS AND CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL INNOVATION  CHAPTER THREE  3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY  3.1 METHOD OF...

Low cost housing in Southern Africa

Housing for the poor in South African is the least problem dealt with in this country, looking at the past years of South Africans low cost housing for most people that are living in rural areas that are not economically active or at a distance from the economical areas have not been provided with housing at all. People living in area of low income have no quality housing, but will only depend on their own informal and traditional methods of house construction to have shelter. TABLE OF CONTEN...

A GIS Multi-Criteria Evaluation for Flood Risk-Vulnerability Mapping of Ikom Local Government Area, Cross River State

Flooding is a significant hydrological hazard in the world and has elicited responses from  government and non-government agencies alike due to the damages it portends. This study was  formulated on this backdrop, with the objective of designing a flood risk-vulnerability map of Ikom  Local Government Area. The types of data employed were majorly secondary. Interviews were also  primarily adopted. The multi-criteria assessment meant a systematic combination of independent  parameter inpu...

Increased Paved Surfaces as Major Factor of Urban Flooding in Humid Tropics: An Example from Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Urban flooding is a major hydrological hazard in most cities of the humid tropics due to high  amount of rainfall, unlike in Polar Regions. However, recent increase in flooding menace has  been attributed to human activities. This paper presents new insights on the condition of the  built-up surface as the major factor of flooding in humid tropical cities using geospatial  technology, with Calabar as an example. The study area was first classified, using the  unsupervised algorithm into ...

Determinants of Solid Waste Management System in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Abstract Solid waste is one of the major challenges facing Nigerian cities. Waste management problem is complex because it involves a multitude of scientific, technical, economic and social factors. However, this essential service is not effectively and properly performed by the concerned bodies in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State. Data were collected from both secondary and primary sources. Data on the existing solid waste management system in Uyo Metropolis were collected from primary sou...


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