Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Environmental problems like desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing, stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is very commendable. Many of the generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, soil erosion, chemical managem...

Remediation by Enhanced Natural Attenuation (RENA)

The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding environment and negatively affect the ecosy...

Carbon footprint and climate change

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.

ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYOR AND VALUER IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY (A STUDY OF FIRST CITY MONUMENT BANK OWERRI, IMO STATE)

ABSTRACTThis work examined the role of the Estate Surveyor and Valuer in the banking sector using First City Monument Bank Owerri as study area. The writer adopted both the primary and secondary sources of data in the course of carrying out the research. The researcher found out amongst others that professional Estate Surveyors and Valuers are not employed on full time basis in the Bank but rather their services are sought when the need arises to handle most of the complicated issue...

ANALYSIS OF FIRE DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, RIVERS STATE/ NIGERIA

Fire emergency has become a recurring phenomenon in school environment. Unlike the developing countries, the availability of preparedness measures in most of the schools in developed countries has tremendously reduced the impact of incidences (U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Data Centre, 2007). In developing countries, however, the contrary is the case, the lack of or inadequate preparedness measures in most schools, and the increase in fire incidents are raising alarm. The...

An Analytical Study of Vulnerability and Adaptive Measures to Flood Disaster in Rivers State: A Case of Ahoada West Local Government Area.

The study was carried out to analyze the vulnerability and adaptive measures to flood disaster in Rivers State focusing on Ahoada west local government area. Structured questionnaire was used in collecting data from a total of number of one hundred and eighty  (180) respondents in Ahoada west local government area out of which one hundred and seventy two  (172)were retrieved. Data for this study were collected from primary and secondary sources.  The primary source was fr...

THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC RECESSION ON PUBLIC PROJECT DELIVERY IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study identified the impact of economic recession on public project deliveryEkiti state,Nigeria. Economic recession is a barrier to the completion of a projectdelivery. Thisisacommonissueencounteredin the construction industry across theglobe most especially in the developing countries. Ekiti-State,more than15% ofconstruction projects experienced more than five months delay while some wereabandoned as a result of economic recession. Hence,the study of the impact ofeconomicrecessi...

The challenges of digital innovation in quantity surveying profession

Table of ContentsCHAPTER ONE 21.0 INTRODUCTION 21.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT 41.2.1 MAIN PROBLEM 41.2.2 SUB-PROBLEM 41.3 DELIMITATION/SCOPE OF THE STUDY 51.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 51.5 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 51.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 61.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS 6CHAPTER TWO 72.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 72.1 DIGITAL INNOVATION 72.1 BENEFITS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION 122.3 BARRIERS AND CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL INNOVATION 13CHAPTER THREE 203.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 203.1 METHOD ...

Low cost housing in Southern Africa

Housing for the poor in South African is the least problem dealt with in this country, looking at the past years of South Africans low cost housing for most people that are living in rural areas that are not economically active or at a distance from the economical areas have not been provided with housing at all. People living in area of low income have no quality housing, but will only depend on their own informal and traditional methods of house construction to have shelter.TABLE OF CO...

A GIS Multi-Criteria Evaluation for Flood Risk-Vulnerability Mapping of Ikom Local Government Area, Cross River State

Flooding is a significant hydrological hazard in the world and has elicited responses from government and non-government agencies alike due to the damages it portends. This study was formulated on this backdrop, with the objective of designing a flood risk-vulnerability map of Ikom Local Government Area. The types of data employed were majorly secondary. Interviews were also primarily adopted. The multi-criteria assessment meant a systematic combination of independent parameter inputs (d...

Increased Paved Surfaces as Major Factor of Urban Flooding in Humid Tropics: An Example from Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Urban flooding is a major hydrological hazard in most cities of the humid tropics due to high amount of rainfall, unlike in Polar Regions. However, recent increase in flooding menace has been attributed to human activities. This paper presents new insights on the condition of the built-up surface as the major factor of flooding in humid tropical cities using geospatial technology, with Calabar as an example. The study area was first classified, using the unsupervised algorithm into paved...

Determinants of Solid Waste Management System in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Abstract Solid waste is one of the major challenges facing Nigerian cities. Waste management problem is complex because it involves a multitude of scientific, technical, economic and social factors. However, this essential service is not effectively and properly performed by the concerned bodies in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State. Data were collected from both secondary and primary sources. Data on the existing solid waste management system in Uyo Metropolis were collected from primar...

The level of sustainability performance of professionals in hazard prone environment of Akwa Ibom State.

Abstract The study evaluates the level of sustainability performance of professionals in hazard prone environment of Akwa Ibom State. In Nigeria, over 60-70% of Nigerian population relies on farming for livelihood. However, the obvious is that developing countries including Nigeria are lacking in capacity to sustain agricultural production which has resulted in scarcity of food and extinction of some produce. The worst is that professionals do not relate current information which would ...

ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF SACHET WATER CONSUMED IN BENUE STATE (A CASE STUDY OF OJU METROPOLIS)

AbsractConsumption of sachet water and the resultant effect on human health have prompted severalstudies. Quality assessment of various sachet water brands marketed in Oju Metropolis of BenueState was carried out in this study. Five sachet water brands (SWB) were selected and evaluatedwith   the   paqualab   kit   for  two  weeks   to   investigate   the   physico-chemical,   microbiologicalcon...

ASSESSEMENT OF LANDSCAPE PLANNING IN NIGERIA URBAN CENTERS, A CASES STUDY OF OSOGBO CITY IN OSUN STATE. NIGERIA

ABSTRACTA field survey was carried out at eight (8) locations (Powerline, Sabo, Oja-oba, Oke-ayepe, Oke-baale,  Dagbolu,   Aiyetoro   and  Isale-osun)  selected   randomly   in  Osogbo   city of   Osun  state.Nigeria   to   assess   the   extent   of   Landscape   practice   in   the   city.   This&nb...


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