Environmental & Physical Sciences

Environmental & Physical Sciences Research Papers/Topics

PREVALENCE OF TRYPANOSOMA CONGOLENSE, T. VIVAX AND 7. BRUCEI IN CATTLE ANI) TSETSE-FLY, GLOSSINA SPP (DIPTERA; GLOSSINIDAE) IN AN AREA OF TRYPANOCIDAL DRUG USAGE IN GHANA

The Livestock sector in Ghana has incurred significant losses due to the African Animal Trypanosomiasis (AAT), transmitted by tsetse flies. Attempts to reduce the disease prevalence have been mainly through vector control and the use of trypanocidal drugs. An assessment of these control measures gives appreciable information on the impact of the efforts involved in such activities.This study was therefore firstly to identify a trypanosomiasis endemic area where trypanocidal drugs are use...

SPECIES COMPOSITION, BIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF SWEET POTATO WEEVILS (CYLAS SPECIES) IN SOUTHERN GHANA.

ABSTRACT Species composition of sweet potato weevils (Cylas spp) on two sweet potato varieties was determined in the southern parts of the country. One species, Cylas puncticollis Boh. was found to be present in the southern part of Ghana. Studies on the biology of Cylas puncticollis were evaluated on two varieties, red and white varieties, under laboratory conditions at 27.0°C and 70% RK The incubation period of the eggs were 4 days on the red variety and 5 days on the white variety. L...

Observed Automobile Drivers' Mobile Phone Use Rates in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The use of mobile phone while driving is a growing problem in both developed and developing countries. This problem was investigated among automobile drivers through fixed location observational survey in three residential densities in Ibadan Metropolis. The survey was undertaken for seven days between 7.00am and 7.00pm everyday. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were usedfor data analysis. The average phone use rates in low, medium and high densities were 4.3%, 4.2% and 4....

The August 2011 Flood in Ibadan, Nigeria: Anthropogenic Causes and Consequences

Abstract Determining when and where flood strikes can be a daunting task. Apart from heavy and prolonged rainfalls and river overflows, there are anthropogenic causal factors of flooding. These anthropogenic factors are significantly variable and exacerbate floods, but may be difficult to measure. This study aims to unravel some of the anthropogenic factors, particularly with respect to their contributions to the flood in Ibadan City on 26 August 2011. Data were collected through structured ...

Perspectives of Transport Operators and Passengers on the Spread of Communicable Diseases on the Public Road Transport System in Accra, Ghana

ABSTRACT Transport facilitates socio-economic and political development of every country. In spite of its role in the development of nations, transport has also been identified as a means of spreading some communicable diseases where there are inadequate measures to prevent such spread. Preparedness is facilitated by people’s awareness of the existence of these communicable diseases, and their attitude also play a key role in preventing such diseases from spreading. This study sought to ex...

INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF MENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT The study sought to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence and quality of life, and the moderating role of marital status, educational level and age among menopausal women in the Kumasi Metropolis. The Descriptive survey design with a sample size of 260 respondents were selected through the multistage sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used and data was generally analyzed using Frequencies and Percentages, Mean and Standard Deviation and Multivariate Regressio...

SOME ASPECTS OF POLLINATION ECOLOGY AND EFFECT OF PESTICIDES ON THE FLOWER VISITORS AND YIELD OF THE WATERMELON CROP Citrullus lanatus (THUNB.) (CUCURBITALES: CUCURBITACEAE) IN THE SHAI-OSUDO

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of pesticide application on the abundance and diversity of watermelon flower visitors as well as its effect on the crop yield. This was to help identify the most beneficial insecticide application regime to ensure pollinator health and the control of insect pests whiles ensuring maximum yield. Insects that visited watermelon flowers were collected weekly with the use of sweep nets and pan traps from plots with pesticide applic...

FISH AS BIOINDICATORS OF HABITAT DEGRADATION IN COASTAL LAGOONS

ABSTRACT  Lagoons and their wetlands are some of the most biologically and ecologically important ecosystems. The lagoon habitat also forms an integral part of the marine fishing industry and provides important spawning and nursery grounds for many fishes. Aquatic communities including fish and other species act as biological indicators of water quality and alterations by summarizing information about their environment. Two lagoons, Laloi and Oyibi in the and Greater Accra and Central R...

MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE WHITE VOLTA RIVER: AN EVALUATION OF THEMATIC ACCURACY

ABSTRACT Rivers are natural forces that continue to shape the surface of the earth and also play an important role in supporting life. They serve as part of the earth’s interconnected circulatory system. This system acts on the rivers to alter topography and shape of river basins and nearby landmasses which influence river currents. Earth observation tools have developed over the years with enhanced and advanced technological input to also observe such changes. The White Volta has been affe...

MOBILITY AND BORDER CONTROL PRACTICES IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF PAGA BORDER POST

ABSTRACT Issues of international borders have been of security concern to governments particularly, in the post 9/11 era. The securitization discourse has taken centre stage as governments move towards tightening their border controls against ‘perceived threats’ such as terrorism. Many African countries face the difficult task of securing their borders. Numerous challenges encountered in this regard means that borders have become transnational crime zones. In recent times, transnational s...

FLOODING RELATED CHALLENGES OF LAGOON SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF KETA, GHANA

ABSTRACT  Floods occur when a body of water rises to overflow land which is normally not submerged. The causes and socio-economic effects of flooding in the lagoon settlement  basin  have  been  investigated  in  this  research.  The  Keta  Lagoon floods  its  banks  and  as  a  consequence  leads  to  destruction  of  lives  and properties. This study aimed at investigating the effects of lagoon flooding on communities  along  the  Keta  lagoon,  as  an  en...

Assessment of Government and NGOs Joint Efforts and Role in Drought Mitigation Program: The Case of East Guji Zone Drought Vulnerable Areas

The focus of this paper is to examine the responses of NGOs and governmental bodies joint efforts in drought mitigation programs of southern Ethiopia, East Guji Oromo drought vulnerable areas in the 20th century. The manuscript also explores the role of thus bodies and the perceptions of local communities towards those organization intervention extents and ways of assistance to occurred hardships. Likewise, the article also tries to look, assess and well exhibit a well-known and still active ...

The Application Of Gis And Remote Sensing For Road And Transportation Planning And Management In Case Of Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia

Contents CHAPTER ONE1 1.INTRODUCTION1 1.1Background of study1 1.2 Objectives3 1.2.1 General objective3 1.2.2 Specific objectives3 1.3 Research question3 1.3 Statement problem3 1.4 Significance of the study4 1.5 Scope of the study5 2. LITERATURE REVIEW6 2.1 Information System for Transportation6 2.2 Role of GIS for transportation6 2.3 GIS in Road and Transport Infrastructure8 2.4 GIS in roadnetworkplanning activity8 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS9 3.1 Descriptionofthestudyarea9 3.1.1 Geographiclocati...

Technical Report of SIWES Undertaken at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, FUTA

In our world today, even in every education system, abstract knowledge alone would not be sufficed to prepare an educated person for the world of work without practical skills. The worker or productive individual must not only be knowledgeable but must also be versatile in the application of skills to perform defined task or work. There are two basic forms of learning; the first one is Education and the second one is Training. Both of which are indispensable to the productive world of work an...

Examining Compulsory Acquisition and Compensation in Kano Municipal

ABSTRACT The current method of compensation adopted by government has been criticized by many scholars and claimants. Scholars held a view that the compensation paid to the claimants is much inadequate. The claimants on the other hand do sometimes claim that the compensation paid to them does not restore them back to the state they were before the acquisition, the compensation is not paid to them on due time and the quit notice given to them is sometimes inadequate. This research examines the...


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