Environmental & Physical Sciences

Environmental & Physical Sciences Research Papers/Topics

THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT This paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighbou...

GEOLOGY OF ENUGU - NGWO AND ENVIRONMENTS

ABSTRACT This work presents a detailed geology of Enugu-Ngwo and environments. The study area is bounded by latitudes 7o23’N and 7o30’N and longitude 7o23’E and 7o30’E.The area extent covers approximately 167.7km. Three distinct formations such as Enugu Shale, Mamu Formation and Ajali Formation are exposed in the area. The Enugu Shale is carbonaceous, fissile, grey and jointed with beds of siltstone and clay. The Mamu Formation contains a distinctive assemblage of sandstone, Shale, mu...

THE APPRAISAL OF THE EFFECT OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT ON PROPERTY VALUE. (A Case study of commercial properties in Awka)

1.1BACKGROUND OF STUDY The issue of property management has persisted in the Nigeria society for quite sometime. Property management is the art and science of real estate with respect to it’s development, maintenance, cash flow from users and occupiers in order to achieve optimum benefits for the owner and all parties interested in the property within the ambit of relevant laws.It is observed that for many years. most properties have lacked proper management due to absence of qualified pro...

THE EFFECT OF THE LAND USE ACT IN PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU URBAN)

1.0INTRODUCTION  The land use Decree No. 6 of 1978 otherwise popularly called Land Use Act was promulgated on 29th March, 1978, the effective date of the commencement of its operation in Nigeria. It is a statutory approach or device used by the federal government to consolidate and harmonize the diverse tenures prevalent in the country before the promulgation. It aims at ensuring the protection of the rights of all Nigerians to enable them to provide for the sustenance of themselves and thei...

EVALUATION OF THE PROBLEMS OF RENT COLLECTION AS AN ASPECT OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT IN ENUGU STATE (A CASE STUDY OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACT Rent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –...

THE LAW OF COMPULSORY ACQUISITION AND COMPENSATION AND THE LAW OF EQUITY

INTRODUCTION 1.1BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR THE STUDY Although the various governments in the federation could acquire land at any time by working their power of eminent domain they still (most in the south) face the problem of rigidity associated with native laws and customs. In an attempt to breakdown these rigidity the various land laws were enacted by government among which are public land acquisition decree No 33 of 1976 the state land compensation decree No 38 and the latest of the laws con...

Evaluation of the Problems of Rent Collection as Aspect of Property Management in Enugu State.

ABSTRACT Rent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –...

AN APPRAISAL OF THE QUANTITY SURVEYORS COST CONTROL ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

ABSTRACT It is interesting to bring to light the demands challenges and development in the twenty-first century the key role of the quantity surveying profession in the economic with emphasis on an appraisal of the quantity surveyor cost control in Nigeria construction industry. The work shall attempt to explore the quantity surveyor who is essentially cost expert whose prime task is to ensure that contract sum of project is kept within the client’s approved budget (cost limit) and resource...

EVALUATION OF THE PROBLEMS OF RENT COLLECTION AS AN ASPECT OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT IN ENUGU STATE (A CASE STUDY RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACT Rent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –...

FINANCING OF REAL ESTATE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF EBEANO HOUSING ESTATE ENUGU)

ABSTRACT For sometimes now, it has been observed that some people dwell in tents while others live in thatched mud houses, some yet live in dilapidated concrete buildings while other chose to live in tenements, bungalows, flats and messiness of varied structural strength and aesthetics.  Also, the size of these structures and their construction materials vary greatly and site differences exist. As a result of these observations, the study was on the housing problems and why these discrepanci...

THE EFFECT OF SLUM ON PROPERTY VALUES (A CASE STUDY AGUOWA IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)

ABSTRACT The aim of this dissertation is to evaluate the effects of slum on property values at Aguowa via Trans-Ekulu and confirm that slum was responsible for the low property value in the area. The study showed that the slum occurrence was as a result of rural migration to urban areas and lack of original planning in the area. This work is organized in five chapters. Chapter one deals with the introduction, statement of the problem, purpose of study, limitation and delimitation, background ...

THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU METROPOLIS IN ENUGU STATE)

INTRODUCTION  Housing is one of the three basic needs of mankind and it is the most important for the physical survival of man after the provision of food.  Decent housing is one of the basic needs of every individual, the family and the community in general.  As a pre-requisite to the survival of man, it ranks secondly only the food.  It is also one of the best indicates of a persons standard of driving and his place in a society.  The housing and individual lives in a symbol of his sta...

EXPLAIN PREPARATION OF NEW TOWN PLAN

ABSTRACT Urban Development – Preparation of Master Plan for areas other area – Preparation of existing land use map using modern techniques. We have respected and implemented the international conventions which are approved by us? According to the rate of population growth, and need of social, economical, physical development and evaluation of present statement, this article emphasizes on population needs, growth speed, and management institutions in different dimensions from national to ...

DISCUSS THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT This paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighbor...

Environmental Impact Assessment of a proposed Tankfarm (A case Study of OKFTZ, Ondo State)

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess environmental impacts of a proposed tankfarm which is to be situated at the Olokola Free Trade Zone in Ondo State (OKFTZ). It encompasses various field sampling which includes soil, air and noise sampling taken from the proposed site. These samples were tested in the laboratory for parameters such as Total Hydro Carbon, pH values, Total Mean Percentage of Organic Matter, Heavy Metal Investigation, cation concentration. The Total Hydro Carbon which...


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