Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Planning Implications of Housing Development in Jos Jarawa District, Jos North, Plateau State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACTThis study aims at examining the housing development in Jos Jarawa. 150 households were surveyed across the District employing simple random sampling technique in order to generate data on the physical, social and economics characteristics of households. The analysis revealed that residents are of high density zone with their occupation of householders being served as basis for establishing status. It assumes that the status of a person translates into his earning, which also influenc...

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Design and Provision of a Central Administration (senate) Building for Caritas University

The project shall be based on provision of a central administration building which is the senate building for Caritas university which will accommodate the following; the vice –chancellor’s office, the registry, the planning unit, students affairs department, bursary and general administration.The senate also houses the senate chamber and the council chamber.Caritas University came into existence in 2005 and from inception; the university senate has been within the administrative block wh...

A Design Proposal for a Regional Secretariat Building for the Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA) in Enugu State

Architecture is the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers to those designs that are customarily significant.Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. More prosaically, one would say today that architecture must satisfy its intended uses, must technically be sound and must convey aesthetic meaning. But the best buildings are often so well-constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful ob...

Fire Service Station 9th Mile Corner Enugu

This thesis report is properly documented to facilitate the presentation of the proposed fire service station.The existence of fire service station in Nigeria and its system of operation which enhances the design of proposed station. Although there are some various problems which are to be tackled like circulation, zoning and other services.Nevertheless there are several goals that are achieve through the study and design of fire station by providing good circulation system, adequate services...

A Design Proposal for a Modern Staff Secondary School Case Study Caritas University

Throughout history, education has always been man’s most important activity. Infect, man cannot carry on government, family life, religion or earn a living without some form of education. School then is a shelter and a stage that brings people together on daily business, generating intellectual abilities in life and growing up.Education can be the transmission of values and accumulated knowledge of a society or the process by which an individual gains skills. Social scientists term it socia...

The Effects of Slum on Rental Property Values in Obiagu

The aim of the study is to examine the effects of slum on rental property values in Obiagu. To achieve this aim, the following objectives were raised, they are:a. To identify the causes and effects of slum on rental property values in the study area. b. To establish the negative and positive effects of slum on rental property values in the study area. c. To establish whether slum environment makes investment in real estate and property market transactions, a viable venture. BAC...

A Comparatuve Analysis of Rental Variation in Residential and Commercial Properties in Nigeria

Location of economic properties has been a difficult concept to understand.  Although the primary objective of commercial properties is the derivation of financial gains, while that of residential properties is for habitation, shelter and comfort, the demand for land is a reflection of the profitability or utility derivable from its use. The greater the benefit to be obtained from a particular use, the higher the rent that the user will be willing to pay for it.There appear to be wide ra...

Management Of Cost Overrun In Selected Building Construction Project In Ilorin

INTRODUCTIONThe construction industry is a very  important sector of the  Nigerian  economy.   It contributes significantly to its Gross National Product. The rapid growth in Nigeria's economy and population, particularly during the oil-boom years, required additional physical infrastructures to accommodate additional inputs to various components of the TCSS national product. Thus, the construction industry has a weighted influence on all sectors of the Nigerian econo...

Assessment Of Construction Management Techniques In Nigeria Construction Industry

ABSTRACT Construction Management is the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a construction project by using modern construction management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, cost, time, and quality and participation satisfaction. Project management in construction encompasses a set of objectives which may be accomplished by implementing a series of operations subject to resource constraints. There are potential confl...

Cost Control Techniques Used On Building Construction Sites in Uganda

ABSTRACTMany projects in Uganda and the world over have suffered from cost and time overruns due to factors stemming from poor cost control during the design and project implementation stages. Research aimed at studying the cost control techniques being used in Uganda was done on a selection of 130 contractors involved in the construction of buildings in Nakawa division, Kampala City. It specifically studied the cost control techniques currently being used by individual developers; the proble...

The Effects of Land Use Act on Sustainable Housing Provision in Nigeria: The Lagos State Experience

ABSTRACTWe have watched over the decades the problems encountered in acquisition of land and subsequently in obtaining the approval of certificate of occupancy and housing delivery in Nigeria. In the commencement of the Land Use Act 1978, it was stated that “whereas it is in the public interest that the rights of all Nigerians to the land of Nigeria be asserted and preserved by law”. Our concern is not really another criticism against the Act but an in-depth evaluation of how it has achie...

Rural Depopulation: The Planning Implications For The Development Of Urban Lagos

ABSTRACT  This paper investigates the challenges posed by cities in developing countries, particularly Lagos urban area otherwise called Lagos megacity against the backdrop of rural and even urban exodus from different parts of the country into it. Using mainly secondary data, the paper x-rayed the genesis of rural –urban migration and rural depopulation and implications to planning and managing a typical large urban city in developing countries such as Lagos megacity.  The impact...

Water, Sanitation and the Modern City: Colonial and Post-colonial Experiences in Lagos and Mumbai

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY• The technological and political arrangements for the provision of water and sanitation that emerged out of the chaos of the nineteenth-century industrial city can be characterized as the “bacteriological city”. This ideal type, which reflected the design principles of leading engineers, involved the development of centralized, universal and public water supply and sanitation systems in preference to chaotic, expensive and unaccountable private sector provision.&nbs...


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