Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

The Effects of Land Use Act on Sustainable Housing Provision in Nigeria: The Lagos State Experience

ABSTRACT We have watched over the decades the problems encountered in acquisition of land and subsequently in obtaining the approval of certificate of occupancy and housing delivery in Nigeria. In the commencement of the Land Use Act 1978, it was stated that “whereas it is in the public interest that the rights of all Nigerians to the land of Nigeria be asserted and preserved by law”. Our concern is not really another criticism against the Act but an in-depth evaluation of how it has achi...

Rural Depopulation: The Planning Implications For The Development Of Urban Lagos

ABSTRACT   This paper investigates the challenges posed by cities in developing countries, particularly Lagos urban area otherwise called Lagos megacity against the backdrop of rural and even urban exodus from different parts of the country into it. Using mainly secondary data, the paper x-rayed the genesis of rural –urban migration and rural depopulation and implications to planning and managing a typical large urban city in developing countries such as Lagos megacity.  The impacts of th...

Water, Sanitation and the Modern City: Colonial and Post-colonial Experiences in Lagos and Mumbai

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY •The technological and political arrangements for the provision of water and sanitation that emerged out of the chaos of the nineteenth-century industrial city can be characterized as the “bacteriological city”. This ideal type, which reflected the design principles of leading engineers, involved the development of centralized, universal and public water supply and sanitation systems in preference to chaotic, expensive and unaccountable private sector provision.  •...

The Role of Government Agencies in Urban Housing Delivery Insufficient Political Will and Ineffective Housing Administration in Lagos Metropolis - Case Study of Ajegunle, Lagos

ABSTRACT There is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in big cities of today’s world, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. Of particular concern is the fact that today’s megacities are evolving in the developing world without corresponding growth in the economy, infrastructure and other human development indices. As urban population continues to grow in these cities of the Global South, governing institutions are usually unable to keep pace with their social r...

DISCUSS THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT This paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighbor...

EXPLAIN PREPARATION OF NEW TOWN PLAN

ABSTRACT Urban Development – Preparation of Master Plan for areas other area – Preparation of existing land use map using modern techniques. We have respected and implemented the international conventions which are approved by us? According to the rate of population growth, and need of social, economical, physical development and evaluation of present statement, this article emphasizes on population needs, growth speed, and management institutions in different dimensions from national to ...

THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT This paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighbou...

Land use act, 1978, and sustainable housing delivery in jos south local government area.

ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to critically examine the Land Act of 1978, and identify the effects on sustainable housing delivery in Jos South Area of Plateau state with a view of arriving at logical conclusion. The three principal survey techniques used include administration of questionnaire, interviews and observations. The choice of these survey techniques was to enable the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data for the study. The research samples used were drawn fr...

APPRAISAL OF E-WASTE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES IN ONITSHA MAIN MARKET: towards environmental planning and management.

ABSTARCT Urban waste management, collection and disposal have always been a universal problem. Extant literatures have documented the importance of solid waste management to the urban environment. Yet the performance of the authorities charged with the responsibility of solid waste management in this respect leaves much to be desired. Therefore, this research study appraises e-waste management activities with respect to Onitcha main market, Anambra state. To achieve the primary aim of t...


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