Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF ANTHROPOENIC ACTIVITIES AND DOMESTIC WASTE ON SURFACE WATER QUALITY (A CASE STUDY OF EKULU RIVER, ENUGU).

ABSTRACTThe microbiological and organic pollutants characteristics of umuosoko stream in ikwuano local government area, Enugu state, Nigeria were carried out. Twenty water samples were collected from four different parts of the river.  The pour plate technique was employed for the isolation of micro-organisms. Colonial morphology, Gram staining and biochemical tests were used for identification and characterization. The statistical analyses used were analysis of variance and standard dev...

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON THREE VARIETIES OF RICE (A CASE STUDY OF ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE)

ABSTRACTFlooding has been described as one of the most important environmental factors determining the distribution of salt marsh plants. We studied the impact of five water levels on the germination and establishment of the invasive cord-grass spartina deniflora. Plant house experiment was carried out to determine the effects of time and depth of flooding on the survival and growth of rice. Data showed that time and depth of flooding had significant effects on the survival and growth of rice...

ASSESSMENT OF CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) LEVEL IN ENUGU METROPOLIS MONITORING INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL AREA

ABSTRACTAir pollutions pollutant showed that the extent of spreading depends on the motor vehicle traffic population of the area. This pollution strongly generated through combustion of fossil fuels presents difficult environmental challenge to societies as it could degrade the environment and affect human health and quality of life. Vehicular emissions are major contributors to air pollution in urban areas as they contain harmful gases. The levels of carbon monoxide has been investigated in ...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF 1000VA POWER INVERTER SYSTEM

ABSTRACT As the name of the project implies “Power Inverter”, is an electronics system that converts DC Energy (voltage) to an AC energy.  The major aim of this project is to design and construct a 1000VA Power inverter that is capable of powering loads of equivalent ratings, in the absence of power supply from NEPA or Generator. The system (power inverter) consists of the AC mains sensor section, Relay/change over section, Battery charger section, oscillator section, Driver sectio...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATIC EMERGENCY LIGHT

ABSTRACTAs the name of the project implies “Automatic Emergency Light” is an electronic system that can provide light during emergency situations i.e when mains (NEPA) supply fails.  This system can provide enough light with full brightness in a given room or office.   The system makes use of white light emitting diodes for the lightings.  It is automatic in operation, in the sense that it can switch itself off when the battery charges full. Automatic Emergency light compr...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM

INTRODUCTIONA public address system is an electronics sound amplification and distribution system with a microphone, amplifier and loud speaker used to allow a person to address a large public. The public address system consists of three main parts namely, the microphone (input transducer), amplifier and the loudspeaker (output transducer).The microphone picks up the sound and convert it to electronic signal in milivolts and this is fed to the amplifier for amplification. In this project, a d...

DESIGN OF MOLTEN SALT COOLER IN PROCESS PLANT FOR PRODUCTION OF 2-7 X 104 TONNES/YR OF PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE BY DIRET

ABSTRACTThe general approach to any design of a process plant involve an advanced network of Chemical Engineering processes.  This equipment design project was carried out to design a molten salt cooler (heat exchanger) for production of 2.7 x 104 tonnes/year capacity of phthalic anhydride by direct synthesis of gaseous naphthalene.The information concerning the design of this equipment was gotten from literature review which was then used to obtain the physical properties datas.  T...

ANALYSIS OF BUSH PEAR AND ITS OIL

ABSTRACTThe research project studies the analysis of pear and its oil. The mesocarp from edible African pear “DacryodesEdulis” were evaluated for their oil yield. The pulp from this pear were oven dried at 100oC-105oC to a moisture content level of 29%.The mesocarp was subjected to proximate analysis to determine the percentage of the moisture, ash, fat, crude fibre, crude protein and carbohydrate content which resulted to the values of 29%, 2%, 19.6%, 25.5%, 11.9%, and 12% respectively. ...

Technical report on the fabrication of a fan blade

ABSTRACTIn recent times, most of the household appliances are using electric power and as such, electricity shortage has become a major problem throughout the world. Ceiling fan is one of such appliances that consume electric power. The best way to minimize the power consumption of the ceiling fan is to reduce the weight of the ceiling fan blade. Thus, this project work entails the design of a new ceiling fan blade in which case the weight and power consumption was compared to the Panasonic m...

COMAPARISM OF THE EFFICIENCY OF SAWDUST, COCONUT FIBRE, WOOD CHIPS IN PURIFICATION CRUDE OIL POLLUTED WATER

ABSTRACTA comparative study was conducted among organic waste materials namely coconut fiber, hair, sawdust and woodchips as crude oil absorbents. Twenty grams of each of these materials were wrapped in a pouch and submerged into two set-ups, Set-up A: Pure Crude Oil and Set-up B: Crude Oil with seawater, for an hour. Amount of oil absorbed was gathered and recorded. ANOVA was conducted to verify if the results significantly differed. The results show that hair had the highest amount of ...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF FOUR-WAY TRAFFIC LIGHT

ABSTRACTThe project “microcontroller based intelligent traffic light system with automatic street light and warning light” was designed to tackle the traffic issues in the country so as to establish automatic traffic control and monitoring system with near perfection. The project intelligent traffic light with automatic street light and warning light is a complex microcontroller based project that was designed to control traffic on a four way road network.The system is embedded with ...

THE STUDY OF PROPERTIES OF BRIQUETTE PRODUCED FROM GROUNDNUT SHELL COAL BLEND

ABSTRACTBiomass, particularly agricultural residues seem to be one of the most promising energy resources for developing countries (Patomsok, 2008). Rural households and minority of urban dwellers depend solely on fuel woods (charcoal, firewood and sawdust) as their primary sources of energy for the past decades (Onuegbu, 2010). Of all the available energy resources in Nigeria, coal and coal derivatives such as smokeless coal briquettes, bio-coal briquettes, and biomass briquettes have been s...

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHEMICAL AND MICROWAVE SYNTHESIZED ACTIVATED CARBORN FROM CORN COB

ABSTRACTActivated carbon, also widely known as activated charcoal or activated coal is a form of carbon which has been processed to make it extremely porous and thus to have a very large surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions (Mattson et al., 1971). The word active is sometimes used in place of activated. It is characterized by high degree of micro porosity. A gram of activated carbon can have a surface area in excess of 500 m2. Sufficient activation for useful applicatio...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COAL, FUEL OIL AND NATURAL GAS FOR CEMENT PRODUCTION

ABSTRACTThis study is a comparative analysis of the use of coal, fuel oil and natural gas for cement production noting their physical and chemical properties, cost and availability, impact on the environment and human health. Out of the seven cement manufacturing industries in Nigeria, three industries use these fuels were selected for the study. The industries are NigerCem –Ebonyi state, Dangote cement –Benue state and UniCem -Cross river state. Questionnaires were used to gather informa...

EFFECT OF PARTICLE SIZE ON OIL YIELD USING SCENT BEAN SEED (‘OZAKI’).

ABSTRACTThis project was done to extract and characterize bean oil according to their particle sizes. The experiment was carried out using scent bean (i.e. ‘Ozaki’, ‘Ijilizi’or ‘Azamu’) as sample. The oils were extracted by solvent extraction /leaching extraction using n-hexane. Proximate analysis was carried out to obtain percentage moisture content, ash content, total oil content, protein content and carbohydrate content of the extracted oils. From observation, it was noticed th...


1996 - 2010 Of 2056 Results