Environmental & Physical Sciences

Environmental & Physical Sciences Research Papers/Topics

Assessing Surface Water Quality in the Birim North District of Ghana Using Spatial Modelling

ABSTRACT Surface water quality considerations are becoming increasingly important in Ghana due to anthropogenic activities which affect their benefits to humans and aquatic life but studies on spatial modelling to assess surface water quality in Ghana are nascent. This study explores surface water quality in the Birim North District of Ghana using spatial modelling. Using a cross-sectional study design, 540 surface water samples were collected from 15 rivers and streams in 2018. Surface wate...

AMOS TWEHWAY SAWMADAL

ABSTRACT It has been predicted that, the overall impacts of climate change or variation on agriculture will be negative. Hence the significance of adaptation measures for poverty reduction, especially among crop producers has been emphasised. It has however been noted that although climate variation affects everybody, it is not gender neutral. Data on the nature and extent of adaptation to climate variation by cassava farmers from a gender perspective in Ghana are lacking. Therefore, the pres...

NESTING ECOLOGY OF STINGLESS BEES WITHIN THREE LANDSCAPES IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE VOLTA REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT This research was carried out to investigate the nesting ecology of stingless bees in three selected landscapes in the northern part of the Volta Region of Ghana, from June 2011 to February 2012. The study focused on three stingless bee species Meliponula bocandei (Spinola), Meliponula ferruginea (Lepeletier) and Dactylurina staudingeri (Gribodo). Using eight transects (500 X 40 m) in each landscape, number of nests, nesting heights, diameter at breast heights (DBH) of nest trees and...

PHYSICAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF MODERN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES IN THE RURAL AREA OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Studies on health care facilities, apart from being urban biased, have focused more on spatial inequality and patronage pattern to the neglect of physical planning and management. This study, therefore, evaluated the distribution pattern of the facilities, degree of conformity with planning standard and perception of their management in the rural areas of Ondo state, Nigeria. Ondo state was chosen due to its peculiar characteristics of having upland, midland and coastland areas. A c...

Assessment of Rainfall Variability, Rainwater Harvesting Potential and Storage Requirements in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State in South-western Nigeria

Abstract:  Rainfall variability with periodicity of 5–6 years has been demonstrated for our study area and may be attributed to tropical and extra-tropical factors which operate during different months, seasons and years. Rainfall variability in terms of coefficient of variation ranges from 24 to 39% and 26 to 41% for the seasons and months. The mean increase of 1.63 mm/year and 1.37 mm/year experienced in the dry season months (November–April) and the wet season months (May–October...

Bound State and Scattering Phase Shift of the Schröndinger Equation With Modified Trigonometry Scarf Type Potential

ABSTRACT The approximate bound state of the nonrelativistic Schrӧdinger equation was obtained with the modified trigonometric scarf type potential in the framework of asymptotic iteration method for any arbitrary angular momentum quantum number l using a suitable approximate scheme to the centrifugal term. The effect of the screening parameter and potential depth on the eigenvalue was studied numerically. Finally, the scattering phase shift of the nonrelativistic Schrӧdinger equation with ...

Assessing Pesticides Application and Impact Among Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Western Region, Ghana

ABSTRACT The study assessed the risk of pesticides use among cocoa farmers in three districts of Western Region of Ghana. It employed a descriptive survey study design, where data were collected from 225 smallholders farmers using a questionnaire. The farmers‟ survey revealed inappropriate pesticide application is dangerous to their own health. This was buttressed by a high number of the respondents experiencing headache (66%), dizziness (58%), body weakness or being unusually tired (55%)...

THE POTENTIALS OF URBAN RAIL TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT IN IBADAN, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The goal of efficient transportation in cities requires that all modes should function at their optimal capacities to provide adequate choices for commuters. However, the neglect of the rail transport has been a contributory factor to the persistent mobility crisis prevalent in Nigerian cities. Ibadan once enjoyed intra-urban rail transport services (passenger and freight) until it became moribund. Given the current rate of urban expansion and increased commuting distances within the...

Households' Solid Waste Seperation Practices in the Cape Coast Metropolis Area

ABSTRACT Source separation of solid waste, though rarely practiced in Ghana and Africa, holds great promise to usher the country and continent into the realm of integrated and sustainable solid waste management option. The study investigated households’ solid waste separation practices in the Cape Coast Metropolis. Descriptive research design was employed and multi-stage sampling method was used to obtain data from 246 household respondents whereas 7 key informants were purposively selecte...

Urban Growth and Access to Utilities in Sub-Urban Settlements: A Study of Effia-Kwesimintsim Sub Metropolitan Area in Western Region

ABSTRACT There has been an increase in urban population of Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolitan Assembly from 246,169 in the year 2000 to 402,874, 2010. This is supposed to have a corresponding expansion in infrastructure (including utilities and amenities) provision to suit the growing population, however this has not been the case. The study sought to assess urban growth and access to utilities in sub-urban settlement of Effia-Kwesimintsim sub-metro of STMA. A total sample size of 253 respondents...

ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO MOTHERHOOD CHALLENGES: A STUDY OF TEENAGE MOTHERS IN THE ADAKLU DISTRICT OF GHANA

ABSTRACT Teenage mothers face many challenges including those of physical, emotional and psychological nature. Despite the difficulties teenage mothers encounter, some of them are able to succeed in life when the appropriate support systems and adaptive measures are made available to them. This study assessed adaptation strategies of teenage mothers to cope with challenges associated with teenage motherhood. Qualitative data methods including narrative, focus group discussion, photo voice and...

RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOODS IN THE AGONA WEST MUNICIPALITY, GHANA

ABSTRACT This thesis examines the interrelationships between migration and rural livelihoods in the Agona West Municipality. The central argument of the study is that remittances from migrants’ affect the livelihood of the households left behind in the Agona West Municipality. The study employed descriptive design drawn from both the positivist and interpretive research design using the interview schedules and FGDs respectively. Among the migrants, males constituted the majority (54.8%) in ...

ESTIMATION OF GROUNDWATER RECHARGE IN GUSHIEGU AND SURROUNDING AREAS

ABSTRACT Gushiegu and surrounding areas are lowland terrain underlain by the Voltaian System which consists of medium grains sandstones, micaceous sandstones, interbedded mudstones, siltstones and shales. Lack of perennial surface water has led to most of the communities in the area relying solely on groundwater as source of water for domestic and commercial use. Over abstraction of groundwater can cause significant drawdown of the hydraulic heads leading to significant ecological consequen...

ASSESSING RENTAL HOUSING DELIVERY IN GHANA. THE CASE OF ABEKA, A SUBURB OF ACCRA METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY

ABSTRACT The supply of housing in Ghana is seen to be lacking behind demand due to the increasing number of population, especially in urban areas. This has caused many Ghanaians in the low and middle-income groups to resort to the rental sector for their housing needs. This study seeks to assess rental housing delivery in Abeka and specifically aims at Identifying the types of rental houses in the study area, analyse the factors that influence the rental prices, examine the challenges faced b...

PREVALENCE OF TRYPANOSOMA CONGOLENSE, T. VIVAX AND 7. BRUCEI IN CATTLE ANI) TSETSE-FLY, GLOSSINA SPP (DIPTERA; GLOSSINIDAE) IN AN AREA OF TRYPANOCIDAL DRUG USAGE IN GHANA

The Livestock sector in Ghana has incurred significant losses due to the African Animal Trypanosomiasis (AAT), transmitted by tsetse flies. Attempts to reduce the disease prevalence have been mainly through vector control and the use of trypanocidal drugs. An assessment of these control measures gives appreciable information on the impact of the efforts involved in such activities.This study was therefore firstly to identify a trypanosomiasis endemic area where trypanocidal drugs are use...


1846 - 1860 Of 2122 Results