Environmental & Physical Sciences

Environmental & Physical Sciences Research Papers/Topics

Self-Reported Health Status Of Fish Smokers At Abuesi, A Fishing Community In The Western Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to assess the reported health problems associated with the burning of biomass fuel for fish smoking. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to May 2017 among fish smokers at Abuesi in the Western Region of Ghana. A total of 434 fish smokers were selected to assess their level of knowledge of health effects associated with fish smoking as well as disease symptoms they have encountered as a result of smoking fish. Additionally, 60 smoke houses...

The Role Of Remittances On The Adaptive Capacity Of Smallholder Farmers In The Lawra District Of The Upper West Region Of Ghana.

ABSTRACT The changing climate pattern in the Northern Regions of Ghana has influenced the movement of people, especially the youth, out of the Lawra District in the Upper West Region. Smallholder farmers that still live in the District tend to rely on remittances sent by their migrant relatives to support their livelihoods, however, little is known about how these remittances influence their adaptation processes. This study assesses smallholder farmers‘ perception on climate change and its ...

Studies On Soil Amendment Strategies And Neem Products For The Management Of Insect Pests Of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus (L.) Moench)

ABSTRACT The effect of different soil amendment strategies, and neem products for the management of insect pests of okra was studied in the field at the Ashaiman irrigation project site. The insect pests encountered fell into seven orders belonging to twenty-three families. The important ones among these were Aphis gossypii (Glov.), Bemesia tabaci (Genn.), Dysdercus spp. Podagrica uniformis (Jac.), Heliothis armigera (Hb.) synonym Helicoverpa armigera (Hb,), Sylepta derogata (Fab.), Anthonomu...

Modeling Open Nuclear Fuel Cycle For Nuclear Power Plant In Nigeria: A Case Study Of Vver-1200 And Hpr-1000

ABSTRACT Nuclear power plants vary based on their technology, design and material composition of the various components of the reactor. Nigeria's decision to adopt nuclear technology for power generation presents the need for comparison of the different types of nuclear power plants based on waste generation, to help in choosing which of the reactors to adopt using Open Fuel Cycle, knowing that the generation of waste during the lifetime and operation of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) is a point...

Evaluation Of Neem Seed Water Extract, Biobit And Karate On Insect Abundance And Yield Of Local Garden Egg (Solanvm Integrifolium L.)

ABSTRACT The effect of Neem Seed Water Extract (NSWE) on insects and growth performance of eggplant (local garden egg) was evaluated in the field from June to October 1998 at Ekoso in the Eastern region, Ghana. The extract was applied at the rate of 75 g of seed per litre of water and compared with a standard insecticide (Karate), a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. (Biobit) and water only as control. The effect of each treatment on leaf, shoot and fruit damage caused by defoliators, sh...

Comparative Assessment Of Ectoparasitic Infestations In Urban And Rural Livestock Production Systems In The Greater Accra And Eastern Regions Of Ghana

ABSTRACT Livestock are important contributors to food production in Ghana, providing meat, milk and a source of income for many. Rearing of livestock is practiced by the majority of the farming communities in which they are considered as an investment and insurance against risk and to meet seasonal and emergency purchases such as food crop, improved seed, fertilizers and medicine. However, production of animals is constrained by compound effects of parasitic infestation, diseases, poor feedin...

Investigation Of The X - Ray Shielding Properties Of Concrete Containing Lime Kiln Dust

ABSTRACT An x-ray dose above the maximum permissible limit is harmful to human beings. A study of x-ray attenuation by materials is an important subject in protecting humans from harmful effects of radiation. Thus it is desirable to have knowledge about materials for effective x-ray shielding. Concrete is the most widely used construction material for this purpose and its composition plays an essential role in modifying the mechanical properties which affects significantly the shielding prope...

Determination Of Shielding Effectiveness Of Some Selected Materials Available In Lesotho Using Mcnp Code

ABSTRACT In this study, the Monte Carlo N-particle simulation code MCNPX-2.6.0 was used to determine the shielding effectiveness of clay, wood and sandstone. This was done by determining the transmission of 60Co gamma and X-rays with energies 60 keV, 120 keV and 300 keV through wood, clay and sandstone. The transport computations were done for slab shield, computing half-value layers (HVLs), tenth-value layers (TVLs), buildup factors, and attenuation coefficients (both linear and mass attenua...

Quality Kindergarten Education In The Tamale Metropolis: A Study Of Public And Private Schools

ABSTRACT Access to kindergarten education has increased in Ghana currently, however, due to poor monitoring and evaluation systems, standards are often compromised. This study sought to assess quality kindergarten education using one hundred and two (102) public (52) and private (63) kindergartens in the Tamale Metropolis, of Ghana. A crosssectional design with mixed method approach was used to sample one hundred and twenty (120) teachers and ten (10) head teachers from the sampled schools. T...

Assessment Of Groundwater Quality And Its Suitability For Domestic And Agricultural Purposes In The North-Western Part Of The Central Region, Ghana.

ABSTRACT Groundwater samples collected from 40 institutions and public boreholes within the Twifo Hemang Lower Denkyira (T), Assin North (AN) and Assin South (AS) districts of the Central Region of Ghana were assessed to determine their suitability for domestic and agricultural purposes, based primarily on recommended permissible limits for parameters stated by World Health Organisation. The area covers an area of about 4,199 km2 . The quality assessment was made through the estimation of Ca2...

Deployment of the cowpea aphid resistance gene for cowpea improvement in Ghana

Abstract Resistance to the cowpea aphid is important component of integrated pest management of cowpea cropping systems most especially at the vegetative stage. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of the aphid resistance locus identified in advanced breeding line SARC 1-57-2 in reducing damage from the cowpea aphid in Ghana. Using an F2 population developed from Apagbaala x SARC 1-57-2, the resistance locus was tagged with the SSR marker CP 171F/172R with a recom...

THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON CROP PRODUCTION IN MAKURDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE

The study was conducted to determine the relationship between climatic variation and agricultural production as well as to identify their impact in Makurdi Local Government Area. The research went further to determine effective weather for livestock production in Fiidi, Wailomayo, Wadata, agan, Bar, Mbalagh, market Clark, modern market, NorthBank 1, Northbank II and Mission Wards which constitute the study area. The result shows that there is marked inter annual variations in the rainfal...

Evaluating Post Flood Disaster Respnse Strategies in Ashaiman And Agona Swedru

ABSTRACT Highly concentrated urban areas have experienced many floods over the last decades. There has been significant increase in the trend of extreme rainfall events, in the face of a lack of effective flood management systems. Though rainfall in Ghana has been decreasing since the 1970’s, and the government has initiated many disaster reduction interventions, incidences of flooding have ironically continued to increase. The study explores the post-flood disaster response mechanisms, ef...

The Impact Of Storage On The Purpleness Of Cocoa Beans And Level Of Insect Damage In Stored Cocoa Beans

ABSTRACT Cocoa is one of the most important cash crops in West Africa especially Ghana. It contributes 23% of the foreign export earnings from the agricultural sector in Ghana. Cocoa beans are fermented and dried before exporting. The fermentation period in Ghana is 6 to 7 days but some cocoa farmers under-ferment their cocoa beans leading to the development of purple cocoa beans. This study was carried out at CRIG and African Regional Postgraduate Programme in Insect Science (ARPPIS) at the ...

Hydro-Geochemical Studies Of Groundwater In The Southwestern Coastal Districts Of The Central Region, Ghana.

ABSTRACT The hydrogeochemical data of groundwater of southwestern coastal Districts of the Central Region of Ghana were examined to determine the main factors controlling the groundwater chemistry and study the resultant water type formed in order to determine the suitability of the water for different uses. Different geochemical interpretation methods were used to identify the geochemical characteristics. The pH values of groundwater samples showed that 36 samples had pH values below lower...


1741 - 1755 Of 2147 Results