Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Water, Sanitation and the Modern City: Colonial and Post-colonial Experiences in Lagos and Mumbai

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY• The technological and political arrangements for the provision of water and sanitation that emerged out of the chaos of the nineteenth-century industrial city can be characterized as the “bacteriological city”. This ideal type, which reflected the design principles of leading engineers, involved the development of centralized, universal and public water supply and sanitation systems in preference to chaotic, expensive and unaccountable private sector provision.&nbs...

DESIGN OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE, PORT-HARCOURT

INTRODUCTION"Disaster management" can be defined as the range of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk persons to avoid or recover from the impact of the disaster. Disaster management deals with situations that occur prior to, during, and after the disaster. Globally, there has been lots of disaster on land, air and sea, though these disasters may be natural or man-made, it has however led to the destructi...

The Role of Government Agencies in Urban Housing Delivery Insufficient Political Will and Ineffective Housing Administration in Lagos Metropolis - Case Study of Ajegunle, Lagos

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in big cities of today’s world, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. Of particular concern is the fact that today’s megacities are evolving in the developing world without corresponding growth in the economy, infrastructure and other human development indices. As urban population continues to grow in these cities of the Global South, governing institutions are usually unable to keep pace with their social re...

An Examination Of Estate Surveyors And Valuers’ Perception Of Flood Risk On Residential Property Value In Lagos State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe increasing incidence of flooding across the globe in recent times and the attendant devastating impact has heightened anxiety among the people, investors, investment advisers, policy makers and prompted media attention. Recent research efforts have focused on the assessment of the impacts on people, environments, activities, future implications and mechanisms of arresting the menace. This study contributes to this body of knowledge by examining the perception of valuation experts ...

Neighborhood Citizenship Participation In Environmental Planning And Management In Lagos State: The Estate Surveyors’ View

ABSTRACTSound environmental planning is in the interest of the society and as such those whose neighborhoods are being planned must be carried along through intensive participation as provided for in the existing environmental planning legislations. In the opinion of the general public, this is not seen to be entirely the case in Lagos State. Therefore, this paper is a study into existing planning legislations in Lagos State with emphasis on the opportunities provided for citizen participatio...

Assessing The Effects Of Urban Planning On Residential Property Values In Agege, Lagos

ABSTRACTIn urban centres the essence of land use planning is to ensure that urban activities are organised and developed in physical space with due consideration for protection of public interest which include health, safety, convenience, efficiency, energy conservation, environmental quality, social equity, social choice and amenity. With this background, the study examined the effects of land use planning on residential property values using a comparison of two neighbourhoods in Agege Local...

THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACTThis paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighbour...

The Effect of Agricultural Practices on the Soil

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The Effect of soil erosion on property values in Calabar Metropolis

AbstractThis study examines the effect of soil erosion on property values in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State Nigeria. Questionnaire administration was the major source of data collection. The data gathered were analyzed and hypotheses tested. Oral interview and hypotheses tested clearly show that the problem of soil erosion in Calabar is having severe impacts on the socio-economic life and activities of the residents of the area particularly with respect to the destruction of properties...

Land use act, 1978, and sustainable housing delivery in jos south local government area.

ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to critically examine the Land Act of 1978, and identify the effects on sustainable housing delivery in Jos South Area of Plateau state with a view of arriving at logical conclusion. The three principal survey techniques used include administration of questionnaire, interviews and observations. The choice of these survey techniques was to enable the ...


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