Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

A Design Proposal for a Regional Secretariat Building for the Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA) in Enugu State

Architecture is the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers to those designs that are customarily significant.Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. More prosaically, one would say today that architecture must satisfy its intended uses, must technically be sound and must convey aesthetic meaning. But the best buildings are often so well-constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful ob...

Fire Service Station 9th Mile Corner Enugu

This thesis report is properly documented to facilitate the presentation of the proposed fire service station.The existence of fire service station in Nigeria and its system of operation which enhances the design of proposed station. Although there are some various problems which are to be tackled like circulation, zoning and other services.Nevertheless there are several goals that are achieve through the study and design of fire station by providing good circulation system, adequate services...

A Design Proposal for a Modern Staff Secondary School Case Study Caritas University

Throughout history, education has always been man’s most important activity. Infect, man cannot carry on government, family life, religion or earn a living without some form of education. School then is a shelter and a stage that brings people together on daily business, generating intellectual abilities in life and growing up.Education can be the transmission of values and accumulated knowledge of a society or the process by which an individual gains skills. Social scientists term it socia...

The Effects of Land Use Act on Sustainable Housing Provision in Nigeria: The Lagos State Experience

ABSTRACTWe have watched over the decades the problems encountered in acquisition of land and subsequently in obtaining the approval of certificate of occupancy and housing delivery in Nigeria. In the commencement of the Land Use Act 1978, it was stated that “whereas it is in the public interest that the rights of all Nigerians to the land of Nigeria be asserted and preserved by law”. Our concern is not really another criticism against the Act but an in-depth evaluation of how it has achie...

THE LAW OF COMPULSORY ACQUISITION AND COMPENSATION AND THE LAW OF EQUITY

INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR THE STUDYAlthough the various governments in the federation could acquire land at any time by working their power of eminent domain they still (most in the south) face the problem of rigidity associated with native laws and customs. In an attempt to breakdown these rigidity the various land laws were enacted by government among which are public land acquisition decree No 33 of 1976 the state land compensation decree No 38 and the latest of the laws conc...

The Effects of Slum on Rental Property Values in Obiagu

The aim of the study is to examine the effects of slum on rental property values in Obiagu. To achieve this aim, the following objectives were raised, they are:a. To identify the causes and effects of slum on rental property values in the study area. b. To establish the negative and positive effects of slum on rental property values in the study area. c. To establish whether slum environment makes investment in real estate and property market transactions, a viable venture. BAC...

A Comparatuve Analysis of Rental Variation in Residential and Commercial Properties in Nigeria

Location of economic properties has been a difficult concept to understand.  Although the primary objective of commercial properties is the derivation of financial gains, while that of residential properties is for habitation, shelter and comfort, the demand for land is a reflection of the profitability or utility derivable from its use. The greater the benefit to be obtained from a particular use, the higher the rent that the user will be willing to pay for it.There appear to be wide ra...

Environmental Impact Assessment of a proposed Tankfarm (A case Study of OKFTZ, Ondo State)

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to assess environmental impacts of a proposed tankfarm which is to be situated at the Olokola Free Trade Zone in Ondo State (OKFTZ).It encompasses various field sampling which includes soil, air and noise sampling taken from the proposed site. These samples were tested in the laboratory for parameters such as Total Hydro Carbon, pH values, Total Mean Percentage of Organic Matter, Heavy Metal Investigation, cation concentration. The Total Hydro Carbon which r...

DISCUSS THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACTThis paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighborh...

EXPLAIN PREPARATION OF NEW TOWN PLAN

ABSTRACTUrban Development – Preparation of Master Plan for areas other area – Preparation of existing land use map using modern techniques. We have respected and implemented the international conventions which are approved by us? According to the rate of population growth, and need of social, economical, physical development and evaluation of present statement, this article emphasizes on population needs, growth speed, and management institutions in different dimensions from national to l...

EVALUATION OF THE PROBLEMS OF RENT COLLECTION AS AN ASPECT OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT IN ENUGU STATE (A CASE STUDY OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACTRent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –t...

Rural Depopulation: The Planning Implications For The Development Of Urban Lagos

ABSTRACT  This paper investigates the challenges posed by cities in developing countries, particularly Lagos urban area otherwise called Lagos megacity against the backdrop of rural and even urban exodus from different parts of the country into it. Using mainly secondary data, the paper x-rayed the genesis of rural –urban migration and rural depopulation and implications to planning and managing a typical large urban city in developing countries such as Lagos megacity.  The impact...

Water, Sanitation and the Modern City: Colonial and Post-colonial Experiences in Lagos and Mumbai

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY• The technological and political arrangements for the provision of water and sanitation that emerged out of the chaos of the nineteenth-century industrial city can be characterized as the “bacteriological city”. This ideal type, which reflected the design principles of leading engineers, involved the development of centralized, universal and public water supply and sanitation systems in preference to chaotic, expensive and unaccountable private sector provision.&nbs...

DESIGN OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE, PORT-HARCOURT

INTRODUCTION"Disaster management" can be defined as the range of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk persons to avoid or recover from the impact of the disaster. Disaster management deals with situations that occur prior to, during, and after the disaster. Globally, there has been lots of disaster on land, air and sea, though these disasters may be natural or man-made, it has however led to the destructi...

The Role of Government Agencies in Urban Housing Delivery Insufficient Political Will and Ineffective Housing Administration in Lagos Metropolis - Case Study of Ajegunle, Lagos

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in big cities of today’s world, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. Of particular concern is the fact that today’s megacities are evolving in the developing world without corresponding growth in the economy, infrastructure and other human development indices. As urban population continues to grow in these cities of the Global South, governing institutions are usually unable to keep pace with their social re...


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