Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Water, Sanitation and the Modern City: Colonial and Post-colonial Experiences in Lagos and Mumbai

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY• The technological and political arrangements for the provision of water and sanitation that emerged out of the chaos of the nineteenth-century industrial city can be characterized as the “bacteriological city”. This ideal type, which reflected the design principles of leading engineers, involved the development of centralized, universal and public water supply and sanitation systems in preference to chaotic, expensive and unaccountable private sector provision.&nbs...

The Role of Government Agencies in Urban Housing Delivery Insufficient Political Will and Ineffective Housing Administration in Lagos Metropolis - Case Study of Ajegunle, Lagos

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in big cities of today’s world, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. Of particular concern is the fact that today’s megacities are evolving in the developing world without corresponding growth in the economy, infrastructure and other human development indices. As urban population continues to grow in these cities of the Global South, governing institutions are usually unable to keep pace with their social re...

An Examination Of Estate Surveyors And Valuers’ Perception Of Flood Risk On Residential Property Value In Lagos State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe increasing incidence of flooding across the globe in recent times and the attendant devastating impact has heightened anxiety among the people, investors, investment advisers, policy makers and prompted media attention. Recent research efforts have focused on the assessment of the impacts on people, environments, activities, future implications and mechanisms of arresting the menace. This study contributes to this body of knowledge by examining the perception of valuation experts ...

Neighborhood Citizenship Participation In Environmental Planning And Management In Lagos State: The Estate Surveyors’ View

ABSTRACTSound environmental planning is in the interest of the society and as such those whose neighborhoods are being planned must be carried along through intensive participation as provided for in the existing environmental planning legislations. In the opinion of the general public, this is not seen to be entirely the case in Lagos State. Therefore, this paper is a study into existing planning legislations in Lagos State with emphasis on the opportunities provided for citizen participatio...

Assessing The Effects Of Urban Planning On Residential Property Values In Agege, Lagos

ABSTRACTIn urban centres the essence of land use planning is to ensure that urban activities are organised and developed in physical space with due consideration for protection of public interest which include health, safety, convenience, efficiency, energy conservation, environmental quality, social equity, social choice and amenity. With this background, the study examined the effects of land use planning on residential property values using a comparison of two neighbourhoods in Agege Local...

EFFECTIVE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AS A BOOSTER TO NIGERIA ECONOMY

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to assess the effective solid waste management as a booster to Nigeria economy.   The researcher using the questionnaire method collected first hand information from the management and staff of the company in question. Interviews were also granted to some selected management staff.   Based on the findings.   The researchers were able to draw reasonable conclusions from where they were able to give useful recommendations which they...

Environmental Impact Assessment of a proposed Tankfarm (A case Study of OKFTZ, Ondo State)

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to assess environmental impacts of a proposed tankfarm which is to be situated at the Olokola Free Trade Zone in Ondo State (OKFTZ).It encompasses various field sampling which includes soil, air and noise sampling taken from the proposed site. These samples were tested in the laboratory for parameters such as Total Hydro Carbon, pH values, Total Mean Percentage of Organic Matter, Heavy Metal Investigation, cation concentration. The Total Hydro Carbon which r...

DISCUSS THE PHENOMENA OF URBAN-SPRAWLS AND SUB-URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACTThis paper suggests a cause of low density urban development or urban sprawl that has not been given much attention in the literature. There have been a number of arguments put forward for market failures that may account for urban sprawl, including incomplete pricing of infrastructure, environmental externalities, and unpriced congestion. The problem analyzed here is that urban growth creates benefits for an entire urban area, but the costs of growth are borne by individual neighborh...

EXPLAIN PREPARATION OF NEW TOWN PLAN

ABSTRACTUrban Development – Preparation of Master Plan for areas other area – Preparation of existing land use map using modern techniques. We have respected and implemented the international conventions which are approved by us? According to the rate of population growth, and need of social, economical, physical development and evaluation of present statement, this article emphasizes on population needs, growth speed, and management institutions in different dimensions from national to l...

THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU METROPOLIS IN ENUGU STATE)

INTRODUCTION Housing is one of the three basic needs of mankind and it is the most important for the physical survival of man after the provision of food.  Decent housing is one of the basic needs of every individual, the family and the community in general.  As a pre-requisite to the survival of man, it ranks secondly only the food.  It is also one of the best indicates of a persons standard of driving and his place in a society.  The housing and individual lives in ...

THE EFFECT OF SLUM ON PROPERTY VALUES (A CASE STUDY AGUOWA IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)

ABSTRACT The aim of this dissertation is to evaluate the effects of slum on property values at Aguowa via Trans-Ekulu and confirm that slum was responsible for the low property value in the area. The study showed that the slum occurrence was as a result of rural migration to urban areas and lack of original planning in the area. This work is organized in five chapters. Chapter one deals with the introduction, statement of the problem, purpose of study, limitation and delimitation, backgroun...

FINANCING OF REAL ESTATE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF EBEANO HOUSING ESTATE ENUGU)

ABSTRACT For sometimes now, it has been observed that some people dwell in tents while others live in thatched mud houses, some yet live in dilapidated concrete buildings while other chose to live in tenements, bungalows, flats and messiness of varied structural strength and aesthetics.  Also, the size of these structures and their construction materials vary greatly and site differences exist. As a result of these observations, the study was on the housing problems and why these disc...

EVALUATION OF THE PROBLEMS OF RENT COLLECTION AS AN ASPECT OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT IN ENUGU STATE (A CASE STUDY RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACTRent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –t...

AN APPRAISAL OF THE QUANTITY SURVEYORS COST CONTROL ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

ABSTRACTIt is interesting to bring to light the demands challenges and development in the twenty-first century the key role of the quantity surveying profession in the economic with emphasis on an appraisal of the quantity surveyor cost control in Nigeria construction industry. The work shall attempt to explore the quantity surveyor who is essentially cost expert whose prime task is to ensure that contract sum of project is kept within the client’s approved budget (cost limit) and resources...

Evaluation of the Problems of Rent Collection as Aspect of Property Management in Enugu State.

ABSTRACTRent is a periodic payment made to an owner of a property for the use of such property. This payment is on the increase n modern times due to several factors which includes increase in the price of goods, inflation and greed on the part of landlords. Similarly, the collection of rent is limited by a lot of problems which often results to rifts between landlords and tenants. However, these problems of rent collection can be solved successfully, thereby promoting a cordial landlord –t...


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