Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

EVALUATION-OF-COW-DUNG-AND-TALINUM-TRIANGULARE-AS-A-SEEDING-AGENT-FOR-THE-PRODUCTION-OF-BIOGAS-FROM-DOMESTIC-WASTES-IN-WARRI-METROPOLIS(1) - Copy

The evaluation of cow dung and talinum triangulare (water leaf) as a seeding agent for the production of biogas from organic domestic wastes was conducted in Warri metropolis, Nigeria. The experiments were conducted within a period of thirty seven days in a steel bio-digester. The biogas produced was dried, purified and transferred into a commercially available 7.5Kg gas cylinder using a compressor. The results obtained showed that the domestic wastes seeded with cow-dung and talinum triangul...

Economic Potential and Benefits of Sawdust in Nigeria

At present, the main conventional source of energy used all over the world is the fossil fuels which are non-renewable and hence their deposits will eventually be exhausted. Wood is one of the oldest fuel sources known to man. Research have shown that about 80 million cubic metres, equivalent to 43.4 x 109 kg (or 43.4 million tonnes) of fuel wood with an average daily consumption ranging from 0.5- 1.0 kg of dry fuel wood per person is being consumed in the country annually for cooking and oth...

DESIGN OF IMPROVED CASSAVA PEELING MACHINE

Cassava peeling remains the only unsuccessfully mechanized process which has constituted a global challenge to the cassava food industries. A major constraint in existing cassava peeling machine is the poor quality of finished products obtained, coupled with poor efficiency of the technologies. This research work is focused on the design and development of an improved continuous cassava peeling machine. The machine frame work is rectangular in shape measuring 2700mm in length by 1200mm in...

Strategies for Field Development in a Low Oil Price Environment

In low oil price regimes, oil and gas companies explores several options to remain profitable in the short run. The traditional response has been to shelf all projects until the price of oil rebound or carryout workover operations, but this might not be the best option for these companies. This study discussed how Shell Petroleum Development Company significantly reduced the cost of its workover operations using effective planning and project management. This study then showed how the GE/McKi...

The Challenges to Sustainable Development in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry

The goals of this research are to determine how the Nigeria oil and gas industry has impacted the actualization of the sustainable development goals and how the Nigeria oil and gas industry overcome its present challenges to achieve sustainability.This paper found out that Nigeria oil and gas industry has not significantly contributed to the actualization of the sustainable development goals and Nigeria is at danger of not meeting the 2030 deadline for their actualization. In fact, the oil an...

Energy for the Future: The Renewable or LNG?

The goal of this paper is to determine the most suitable source of energy for the future between the Renewables and LNG. The paper found that the Renewables are the fastest growing energy source, followed by gas; and transporting gas as LNG is the fastest growing method of transporting gas. Furthermore, the paper found out that for large-scale deployment of the renewables, energy storage is vital, but the cost of storage is high, the material for storage are non-renewable, and there are geopo...

Design of a Multi-Purpose Crushing Machine for Processing of Food Grains in Nigeria

Crushing of farm produce for easy storage and consumption is still a problem in most rural areas in Nigeria. Large tons of food crops are lost annually in Nigeria as a result of unavailability of storage facilities. This necessitated the design of a multi-purpose crusher to save crushing energy with minimal grain losses, being the primary aim of this study. The major components of the designed crushing machine consists of a hopper, crushing chamber, shaft, hammers, screen, bearings, discharge...

Design and Development of Low Cost Groundnut Decorticating Machine for Home and Commercial Use in Nigeria

This work is aim at the design and development of a low cost groundnut decorticating machine for home and commercial use in Nigeria.4.36Kg of roasted groundnut was fed into the machine; this produces an average mass of 3.43Kg of peeled roasted groundnut seeds, 0.462Kg of unpeeled groundnut seeds,0.399Kg of partially peeled groundnut seed and 0.07Kg of broken groundnut seed. An average time of 488.8seconds and an average peeling efficiency of 78.46% was recorded. It was observed that the highe...

Comparative Analysis of Yam Pounding Machine and the

In this paper, traditional method of pounding yam with mortar and pestle was compared to yam pounding machine.  Random yam selection was done from a mix of new and old yam. Cooking time, temperature and pounding time were all recorded. The machine consists of a metallic casing with an electric motor sitting on a suspended floor base and connected via a pulley to a shaft and blade.  A unique modification to the concept is its water heating and cooking ability by the inclusion of a he...

Electrodialysis

this paper shows separation technique with research.

A PHASE FAULT DETECTOR FOR POWER TRANSFORMER

ABSTRACTA power  transformer is a very  simple device. It  is a vital  link in the  electronic  distribution  system. A power transformer is associated with faults. The design and construction of the phase fault detector is to provide simple, reliable and comprehensive electrical phase fault detections and response system. The system  includes  means for  detecting  any of the  various electrical  faults, such  as&nbsp...

2.5KVA AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE REGULATOR (AVR)

ABSTRACTThe AVR is an automatic voltage regulator and it is a device whichis used to regulate or stabilize electrical power supply for electrical orelectronic appliances.Inthisprojecttherefore,weareinterestedintheconstructionofthis allimportantdevice.Furthermore we shalldiscuses thetechniques,processes,switching stages and then the workingprincipleoftheautomaticvoltageregulatorChapteroneofthisprojectdwellsontheintroductionoftheprojecttopic.Italsotalksabouttheobjectivesoftheproject,bringingtom...

VALORIZATION OF BIO-PLASTIC (PHA) FROM WASTEWATER AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY

ABSTRACT Circular economy requires sustainable supply of raw materials to industries. Social and economic networks are needed in order to develop circular economies that would drive value chains in renewable resource processing from wastewater into renewable bioplastic products. Current plastic is non-biodegraded which can cause harm to our environment. A pilot scale investigation was carried-out so as to evaluate the feasibility of producing value-added bioplastic from wastewat...

Comparative analysis of internet performance over 3 sites with and without VPN

   ABSTRACTNowadays, there is an increase in the demand to connect to the internal networks of organizations by their branches from distant locations. Members of such organizations often need to access internal networks from their homes, hotels or other far away business places and external networks over the internet which is insecure by virtue of its public nature.The security of information transferred in the network becomes a major challenge when staff or partners in business acc...

Inventory of University of Ibadan Road Facilities

Road inventory is the compilation of information about the state and condition of the road system. This study was carried out to collect road data and analyze selected road facilities within the University of Ibadan to serve as an inventory for future purpose. This was done to help resolve the issue of insufficient information about the road facilities within the University premises. In this project a survey of the roads was done which involved the use of photo/video log system and th...


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