Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Effects of Stabilization on the Performance of Deltaic Lateritic Soils as a Road Pavement Material

Abstract Deltaic lateritic soils of the Niger delta region of Nigeria differ markedly fiom the other lateritic soils because of some mode of formation related peculiarities. As the most widely used soil materials for road earthworks in the entire region, their continual exploitation based on properties of the more matured and widely studied lateritic soils of the hinterland has met with mixed degrees of failure and success. In this study, samples of this soil material fiom different locations...

Comparison of Call Drop Minimization Techniques in Wcdma Wireless Communication Network

ABSTRACT One of the research challenges in cellular networks is the design of an efficient model that can reduce callblocking probability and improve the quality of service (QoS) provided to mobile users. One most important parameter for assessing the quality of service (QoS) in a network is the probability of dropped calls, which has so far not been deeply studied within the context of established cellular networks. Call/packet dropping refers to the event described as the termination of cal...

Analysis of Orthotropic Plates in Free Vibration Regime Using Rayleigh – Ritz Method

ABSTRACT The assumed deflection shapes used in the approximate methods such asin the Rayleigh–Ritz method were normally formulated by inspection andsometimes by trial and error, until recently, when a systematic method ofconstructing such a function in the form of characteristic orthogonal polynomials(COPs) was developed in 1985. However, vibrational analyses of plates with all edges free or clamped are much more complicated. This project aims at establishing particular expressions for the ...

Implementation of a Student Information Database for Digital Bridge Institute

ABSTRACT Effective management of large amount and different types of data encountered in daily operations is a major challenge facing academic institutions. Traditional paper based operation is not only costly, but also ineffective. Based on the requirements of the Student Records Office, a student information management system (SIMS) is designed and implemented for Digital Bridge Institute (DBI) in this work. The system is developed to provide DBI with a means to effectively manage its infor...

Comparative Analysis of the Compressive Strength of Concrete with Gravel and Crushed Burnt Bricks as Coarse Aggregates.

ABSTRACT The research was conducted to study the possibility of utilizing the waste bricks abundantly available in most parts of Gwer-West Local Government Area of Benue State, particularly Naka, the Local Government capital, as coarse aggregates in structural concrete. Trial mixes were prepared using the crushed burnt bricks known also as brick bats as coarse aggregates only, mixture of crushed bricks and river washed gravel as well as using river washed gravel from River Benue only at varyi...

Study and Comparison of Modern Nosql Models for Large Scaled Websites

ABSTRACT With the rise of internet and the explosion of data sources, more and more companies are facing new challenges are facing new challenges that were previously very rare. Those problems concern the storage and the usability of set of data so big and often growing so fast that the usual tools were no more adapted. Moreover the multiplication of data sources and types lead to the problem of storing data that should be considered as unstructured in fixed and structured data models provide...

An Improved Gaussian Filter Technique for Biomedical Image Processing: An Early Lung Cancer Detection Technique

ABSTRACT For accurate and high rate of lung cancer detection using image processing, an effective preprocessing technique is required. A quality preprocessing technique is necessary to ensure effective removal of noise that interferes with the features of the image and hence improves lung cancer detection rate and accuracy. In this research, an Improved Gaussian Filter (IGF) technique was developed for effective lung image preprocessing. For image segmentation, Otsu thresholding method was us...

Effect of Delay Period on Performance of Compression Engine Running on Jatropha Fuel

Abstract Jatropha Biodiesel was tested in a single cylinder direct-injection, water cooled diesel engine to investigate the operational parameters of a small capacity diesel engine under five engine loads, constant speed test. The jatropha oil is used as a non edible oil to produce the biodiesel. The investigated blends were B0, B25, B50, B75 and B100, where (B#) denotes bio-diesel fuel volume percentage in diesel oil. The jatropha biodiesel was prepared locally in Sudan, specifications of wh...

Potentials of Processed Termite as a Stabilizing Agent

ABSTRACT Clay soil posses a great threat causes problem on civil engineering structures due to its tendency to swell when it is in contact with water and shrinks when they dry out. Stabilization using chemical admixtures is the oldest and popular method of soil improvement. In this study, an investigation was conducted to explore the possibility of using processed termite mound as a stabilizing admixture to improve clay soils. This investigation involves the determination of the swelling pote...

A Hybrid Technique for Speckle Noise Reduction in ultrasound images

Abstract In the field of biomedical imaging, Ultrasound is an incontestable vital tool for diagnosis, it provides in non-invasive manner the internal structure of the body to detect eventually diseases or abnormalities tissues. These images are obtained with a simple linear or sector scan US probe, which show a granular appearance called speckle. . Unfortunately, the presence of speckle noise affects edges and fine details which limit the contrast resolution and make diagnostic more difficult...

Power System Compensation Using Passive Compensators and Facts Controllers

ABSTRACT The study used passive compensators and FACTS controllers to achieve power system compensation by obtaining load flow of the Northern Nigerian 330kV transmission grid; determining the voltage magnitudes at the various buses; identifying the voltage violations and applying the passive compensators and FACTS controllers at the worst case scenarios of the voltage violations. The work compared the effects of the compensators on the Northern Nigerian 330kV transmission grid. The load flow...

Forecasting Active and Reactive Power at a Substation Transformer in Distribution Network

ABSTRACT This work addressed the problem of forecasting active and reactive power at a substation transformer in a distribution system. Accurate power forecast is of great importance in power distribution planning, reactive power support control and intelligent power management. Due to the complexity of the power system, an intelligent and adaptive forecast algorithm based on the Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) was modeled for the power forecast. For the proposed ANFIS forecast ...

The Influence of Rotor Cage Winding on the Performance of a Transfer Field Machine

ABSTRACT This work presents the influence of rotor Caged winding on the performance of a Transfer Field (TF) machine. The transfer field (TF) machine comprises two identical machines that are integrally wound and mechanically coupled together but with their pole axes 90 electrical degrees out of phase. This project investigates the influence of rotor caged winding on the performance of a transfer field machine using the analysis of the caged and cage-less rotor winding configurations. From th...

Resource Reservation Scheme with Retrial for Improved Gsm Network Performance

ABSTRACT The need to increase the number of channels in a limited radio spectrum while covering a large area in a mobile cellular network has lead to the use of various cell design techniques. With an increased number of channels, handover calls can be dropped while moving from one cell to another in the search of a better signal or as a result of user mobility. New calls are also blocked when the traffic channels are fully occupied. However, new calls should be treated fairly and not to be e...

A Current Source Inverter-Fed Constant Air Gap Flux Controlled Squirrel Cage Induction Motor Drive.

ABSTRACT In this thesis, a current source inverter fed squirrel cage induction motor drive at constant air gap flux is presented. The drive scheme is conceived to take advantage of the short circuit withstand capability of the current source inverter and the ruggedness (even under harsh conditions) of the squirrel cage induction motor. The variable inverter input dc link current is derivable from either a controlled ac to dc converter or a controlled dc to dc converter. The constant motor air...


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