Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Analysis Of The Transient Stability Limit Of Nigeria’s 330kv Transmission Sub-Network

ABSTRACT The poor investment in the network expansion programme has led to high level of grid fragility experienced in the power transmission system in Nigeria. Thus, any little disturbance often results in cascaded outage which is very hazardous to the power system equipment and operation. In order to overcome or ameliorate the influence of this challenge, the network engineers have to devise methodologies based on the dynamic stability analysis. This motivates the development of power ...

Substitution Of Kaolin With Coal Fly Ash As A Raw Material For The Manufacture Of Cement

ABSTRACT This dissertation investigated the substitution of Kaolin with Coal Fly Ash (CFA) as raw material for the manufacture of cement. The research sought to establish the optimum quantity of CFA, Sand and Limestone required to produce a cement that had improved early day strength and latter strengths of cement due to substitution of kaolin with CFA. This was a novel and creative research where a total of twenty experiments formulated from the central composite design were carried ou...

Techno-Economic Viability Of Off-Grid Standalone PV-Powered LED Street Lighting System In Lagos, Nigeria

The majority of the street lighting systems in Nigeria are predominantly composed of inefficient lighting fixtures powered either by the grid or diesel generators. Due to the epileptic nature of the grid and the fluctuations in diesel fuel pump prices, these methods for powering street lights are neither reliable nor sustainable. Use of energy-efficient lamps and photovoltaic (PV) panels has the tendency to reduce energy consumption and emissions. This study therefore presents a techno-eco...

Establishment of Electrical Energy Benchmarking Protocol for the Assessment of the Carbon Emissions in Hotel Industry

Abstract The hotel industry consumes quite a sizeable quantum of energy. The industry stakeholders contend with energy related challenges; this includes high cost of service provision as a fall out of electricity price as well as poor energy policy. More so, this industry remains an unattractive subsector to both the energy players and succeeding governments (in Nigeria). Due to the great importance of this industry to commerce, tourism and hospitality; it is thus necessary to conduct i...

Optimal Under-Frequency Loads Curtailment Via Continuous Load Control In A Single Area Power System Using Fuzzy Logic, Pidfuzzy And Neuro-Fuzzy (ANFIS) Controllers

Abstract In situations where maximum load demand exceeds power generation capacity, frequency would drop during cases of overload; and if appropriate under-frequency load curtailment scheme is not put in place, it could cause permanent turbine damage or affect the expected working operation of electric equipment. Various existing works on load curtailment in power systems have been done to great effect using meta-heuristic and classical control techniques. This paper seeks to comparativel...

Optimal Under-Frequency Load Curtailment Via Continuous Load Control In A Single Area Power System Using Fuzzy Logic, Pidfuzzy And Neuro-Fuzzy (Anfis) Controllers

Abstract In situations where maximum load demand exceeds power generation capacity, frequency would drop during cases of overload; and if appropriate under-frequency load curtailment scheme is not put in place, it could cause permanent turbine damage or affect the expected working operation of electric equipment. Various existing works on load curtailment in power systems have been done to great effect using meta-heuristic and classical control techniques. This paper seeks to comparativel...

Development Of Energy Benchmarking Protocol For Commercial Banks, Lagos State, Nigeria

Energy consumption is a central factor taken into consideration as far as management decisions are concerned in any firm and the same goes for the banking industry. More importantly is the extent to which firms consume energy efficiently. In the light of this, this study investigates the energy benchmarking of 50 commercial bank branches in Lagos. With the aid of questionnaires and by observation and consultation with the staff of the selected bank branches, data were collected on the ene...

Assessment Of Energy Consumption And Carbon Footprint From The Hotel Sector Within Lagos, Nigeria

Nigeria has one of the lowest electricity consumption per capita in Africa and this is because the power grid capacity has not been able to meet the ever increasing demand for electricity. To remain in business, several business enterprises rely on captive generation of electricity; thus, the hospitality industry is not left out of this experience. Primarily, this study evaluates the energy consumption trend in the Nigerian hotel industry. The energy utilization is modeled in order to app...

Techno-Economic And Environmental Evaluation Of Demand Side Management Techniques For Rural Electrification In Ibadan, Nigeria

Abstract According to the United Nation Development Programme, access to modern low-cost energy systems in developing countries is important in the realization of the globally agreed developmental goals, as well as the Millennium Development Goals, and sustainable development, which would assist in the reduction of poverty and to improve the conditions and quality of life for the greater part of the world’s population. Planners have suggested hybrid energy system for the electrificat...

Development Of An Expert System For The Optimal Design Of Roof And Bridge Trusses

ABSTRACT Several attempts have been made to optimize the design of bridge and roof trusses. This work presents the development of an Expert System (ES) for the optimal design of bridge trusses subjected to moving loads and roof trusses as well. The research improves on such previous attempts in many areas including automation of structure data generation, experience gaining facilities, suggestions and decision making, flexibility, and structural arrangement, shortest possible volume of ...

Design Of Digital Filters Using Incremental Changes In Processing

ABSTRACT Procedures are developed for designing high-speed, modular digital filters. The techniques presented  here are based on the use of differences in the data signal in processing. The use of one-bit word, and the use of mapping of differentials in processing to produce a multiplication free, fast, and modular structured digital filters is considered in details in this thesis. A new algorithm for the digital filter is also proposed in the thesis which leads to the possibi...

Design Of Adaptive Control Schemes For An Industrial Robot Arm

ABSTRACTThis study has investigated the techniques for motion control of industrial robots with an application in which the robotics end-effector is required to track prescribed paths under conditions of changing payload masses, friction and elasticity in the gear boxes. In particular, the minimal configuration (the first three degrees-of-freedom) necessary for positioning the end-effector of a revolute industrial robot arm, MIMO, has been studied in terms of kinematics, dynamics and co...

Correlation Of Load-Point Reliability Indices With Power System Fault Levels

ABSTRACTExtensive literature abounds on the evaluating techniques of load-point reliability indices of electrical power systems. On the whole, all the efforts of the published works have been the establishment of conventional methods to evaluate load-point reliability indices from raw component reliability data. Any system change that warrants new set of load-point reliability indices would require the whole process of reliability evaluation to be repeated. That is an inherent character...

Correlation Of Equilibrium Data For Multicomponent Distillation Design

ABSTRACTThe most pertinent problem which must be solved in the design of multicomponent distillation process is the evaluation of the vapour-liquid equilibrium (VLE) ratio and enthalpy (liquid and vapour) values of each component in each of the stages. Good experimental data are not easily obtained but require considerable experimental skill, experience and patience. It is therefore of economical necessity to consider techniques for estimating vapour-liquid equilibrium and enthalpies da...

Combined Free And Forced Laminar Convection In Incuned Wide Rectangular Channels Heated From Below And Cooled From Above

ABSTRACT The steady-state two-dimensional problem of combined free and forced laminar convection with upward flow in inclined rectangular channels heated from below and cooled from above, has been investigated by numerical, parameter perturbation and experimental methods. The results indicate that for air (Pr = 0.73), maximum heat transfer rates occur at the hotwall for inclinations between 30° and 60° to the horizontal. In addition, the perturbation analysis predicts the occurence...


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