Engineering

Research Papers/Topics in Engineering

Transient Analysis And Performance Prediction Of Passive Cooling Of Buildings Using Long Wave Nocturnal Radiation In Owerri, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Transient analysis and performance prediction of passive cooling of buildings using long wave nocturnal radiation in Owerri, Nigeria are presented. Owerri is a typical urban area in southeastern Nigeria lying between latitude 5° 4' and 6° 3' N and longitude 6° 15'and 7° 34' E. The system modeled consists of the room of a building with a radiator panel attached to its roof, water storage tank located inside the room, pump to circulate water through the radiator panel at nig...

The Effect Of Particle Size And Particle Size Distribution On The Modulus Of Rupture Of Some Nigerian Clays

ABSTRACT The effects of particle size and particle size distributions of three clay samples, on their modulus of rupture were studied. The three clay samples were collected from natural clay deposits at Nsu; OhiyaUmuahia; and Awo-Omamma all in south eastern Nigeria. The particle size analysis of the clay samples was done by laser diffraction in wet suspension mode and the results disclosed that Awo-Omamma clay has greater proportion of the larger sized particles, (21µm - 25µm) and (25...

The Economics Of Crude Oil Stabilization

ABSTRACT Estimating the gas/VOC emissions from oil and gas producing equipments has been a goal which the industry and regulatory agencies have spent a great deal of study and effort to contend with. This research estimated the flashing losses of gas/VOC emission from conventional atmospheric storage tanks to the atmosphere using Vasquez-Beggs Equation (VBE). Using VBE confirmed observed losses experienced in the industry as is represented in a graph showing the losses. It went further...

Synthesis And Characterization Of Biofuels From Various Nigerian Crops For Internal Combustion Engines

ABSTRACT Bio-fuels (Biodiesel and Bio-ethanol fuels) are synthesized from various Nigerian crops (palm(Elaeis Guineensis) wine, raffia(Raffia Vinefera) trunk, sugar cane(Saccharum L), physic nut seed (Jatropha Curcas), castor bean seed(Ricinus Communis), sandbox seed (Hura Crepitans) and African bush mango nut (Dika Nut) (Irvingia Gabonensis)) to serve as alternative fuels for internal combustion engines. The direct base-catalyzed trans-esterification process is employed in the biodiese...

Study Of The Properties Of Some Local Clays For The Production Of Floor Tiles

ABSTRACT The suitability of some clay deposits in South Eastern Nigeria (Unwana, Ekebedi, Okigwe and Nsu) as materials for the production of floor tiles was investigated. The clay samples were analyzed using wet classical method to determine their chemical composition. Floor tile test specimens were produced using standard method. The test specimens were tested for physical properties such as compressive strength and porosity at 10500 C and 11500 C temperature levels. The chemical a...

Structural Characteristics Of Soilcrete Blocks

ABSTRACT This work investigates the structural characteristics of soilcrete blocks (lateritecement blocks and laterite-sand-cement blocks) produced with locally available and affordable laterite. Scheffe’s simplex method and Osadebe’s regression theory were used to formulate mathematical models for optimisation of properties of soilcrete blocks which include compressive strength, split tensile strength, shear strength, flexural strength, Poisson’s ratio, modulus of elasticity, shea...

Optimization Of Transportation Costs In Supply Chain Management (A Case Study Of Coca-Cola Plants In Nigeria)

ABSTRACT In the manufacturing sector management of the supply chain expenses has been identified as major costs driven problem. For many years, researchers and practitioners have concentrated on the individual processes and entities within the Supply Chain. Recently, however, many companies have realized that important cost savings can be achieved through the reduction of transportation costs throughout their Supply Chain. As companies began realizing the benefits of optimizing transp...

Modeling Bioremediation Of A Petroleum Contaminated Soil Enhanced With Npk Fertilizer And Animal/Plant Derived Organic Manure

ABSTRACT In this study, the potential effects of animal derived organic manure (cow dung, poultry droppings), saw dust and NPK fertilizer on the bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil was investigated. The rate of biodegradation was studied for the period of 10 weeks under laboratory conditions. The biodegradation data were fitted to eight models, four of which are based on microbial growth rate and the other four based on order of reaction. Results obtained show that...

Minimizing Electrical Power Outage In Akwa-Ibom State - A Panacea To Poor Power System Reliability

ABSTRACT This work analysed the current state of power system in Nigeria with emphasis on distribution system using Akwa Ibom Distribution System as a case study. The components of the study system were analyzed. This work adopted the analytical and simulation approach to reliability and stability assessment. Analysing the system the way it is shows that the system was not reliable and stable. The outcome gotten from the base state of the system confirmed this. The results for the curr...

Micro-Controller Based Access Control Lock Using Fingerprint Biometrics And Passcode Authentication

ABSTRACT This project report is an excerpt of the design of a Micro-controller based Access Control Lock system implemented to assist the university with the aid of security personnel in the prompt detection of students who have not completed necessary fees payment and to checkmate the problem of the ever increasing rate of examination impersonation perpetuated by students. The Micro-controller based Access Control Lock system is an automatic software-based system having two major part...

Mathematical Models For Sandbag Checkdam

ABSTRACT The study was aimed at developing mathematical models on the hydraulic performance of Sandbags as Checkdam for erosion control. Pilot studies were carried out at two sites. Site ‘A’ was a natural gully at a location in Ezinihitte-Mbaise, Imo State while site ‘B’ was an artificial channel excavated on the slope of Otamiri River at Federal University of Technology, Owerri. Artificial runoff was simulated into site ‘B’ by pumping water from Otamiri River. Sandbags of v...

Kinetic Modelling Of Enhanced Bioremediation Of Hydrocarbon Polluted Soil

ABSTRACT Remediation of hydrocarbon polluted soil applying all existing techniques can be slow, expensive and requires close monitoring. Bioremediation and phytoremediation augmented bioremediation have been used to treat petroleum contaminated soil and even the difficult poly aromatic hydrocarbon polluted soil which takes longer time. What has not been studied was the effect of heavy metals present in petroleum which slows down the substrate degradation by microorganisms. After the pri...

Investigation Of Voltage Stability In Nigeria Integrated Power System Using Pattern Recognition From Power System Simulator For Engineering (PSSE)

ABSTRACT The basic idea deals with detecting the voltage collapse ahead of time to provide the operators a lead time for remedial actions and for possible prevention of blackouts. To detect cases of voltage collapse, pattern recognition in conjunction with power system simulator for engineering (PSSE) program was created and then deployed in Nigeria 330KV integrated power system to develop Regularized Least Squares Classification (RLSC) as well as Classification and Regression Trees (CA...

Investigation Of The Structural Characteristics Of Lime-Cement Concrete

ABSTRACT This work investigated the structural characteristics of lime cement concrete using 30 selected mix ratios. The properties studied include, compressive strength, flexural strength, splitting tensile strength, shear strength, poisson ratio, modulus of elasticity, and modulus of rigidity. A total of 360 concrete cube specimen, 360 concrete prototype beam specimen, and 360 concrete cylinder specimen were cast and cured in open water tanks. 3 specimen were cast for each mix proporti...

Investigation And Simulation Of A Micro Hydro, Solar And Biomas Hybrid Energy System For Off-Grid Locations In Nigeria

ABSTRACT Isolated or Stand-alone power systems with the use of renewable energy sources have become cost-effective and a convenient option for areas where grid connection is neither available nor feasible. A hybrid combination of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) is considered to be the best suited alternative to an expensive grid extension for remote areas around the world. This research focuses on creating a model for electricity generation from a mix of renewable resources (hydro...


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