Engineering

Engineering Research Papers/Topics

Design of a gas atomising system capable of producing suitable aluminium powder for Selective Laser Melting (SLM) process

Abstract: Documentation on the correct process parameters and component requirements for setting up efficient aluminum powder production systems capable of manufacturing powder that meets the requirements for the selective laser melting (SLM) process is not available due to its proprietary nature. This hinders powder metallurgy (PM) trainees in acquiring knowledge and skills needed in setting up such metal powder production systems. To address this challenge, powder requirements for the SLM ...

Thermodynamics and kinetic study of metal adsorption on coal fly ash based on a binary mixture of copper and nickel

Abstract: The main purpose of this investigation was to study the potential application of Morupule fly ash for the removal of copper and nickel in wastewater. Batch and column study experiments were carried out by varying parameters such as pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, temperature, bed height and flow rate. The data was fitted into the kinetic models, kinetic isotherms and the thermodynamic parameters to determine the nature of the process. Batch experiments showed a more energetical...

Prediction of blast-induced airblast, ground vibration and rock fragmentation using machine learning methods in Debswana diamond mine

Abstract: This work presents machine learning methods, particularly artificial neural networks (ANN) and multivariate regression analysis (MVRA) to create a mathematical model that will be used to predict the blasting effects in a Debswana diamond mine. These effects include airblast, ground vibration and rock fragmentation. We compare results from ANN, MVRA and empirical formulas using coefficient of determinant (R2) and root mean square error (RMSE). The ANN model with one hidden layer, 14...

LoRa network planning and deployment: a terrestrial navigation application

Abstract: Long Range (LoRa) is a popular low power wide area network (LPWAN) technology which operates in the Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) frequency band transmitting information over ranges in excess of 20 km and 5 km in rural and urban landscapes respectively. This is of significance in applications where LoRa may be used as a terrestrial navigation system, or in any wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. A key system performance parameter for network planning and covera...

Manufacturing of wear resistant clads for slurry/tailings pump impellers via laser cladding (lc).

Abstract: Wear is a huge problem in the mining industry as it depreciates the assets invested. The industry is looking at efficient refurbishment technologies to repair its equipment so as to enhance its service life. This thesis focuses on the development of wear resistant clads via laser cladding (LC) process to mitigate the problem of degradations in slurry tailings’ pump impeller made of 304L stainless steel. A critical literature review indicates that Tribaloy T-800 and Stellite 6 pow...

Assessing repeatable accuracy potential of LoRa: a navigation approach

Abstract: Two main classes of radio navigation systems are satellite and ground-based systems. Examples of such systems are eLoran deployed as a terrestrial system, and BeiDou, Galileo, GPS and Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) deployed as satellite Navigation Systems. These systems have been investigated in different navigation use-cases using a hybrid receiver capable of receiving any navigation signal. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate LoRa’s capability as a signal of opportun...

Zinc oxide nanowire field effect transistor used as a pH sensor

Abstract: An ion sensitive field effect transistor can outperform conventional ion-selective electrodes. Thus, a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire field effect transistor (NWFET) pH sensor was fabricated and measured. The sensor contained a channel with 1.7×1018 cm-3 donor concentration and 100 ZnO nanowires in parallel, each with the following dimensions: 10 μm×120 nm×20 nm. The active channel is passivated with an 18 nm Al2O3 layer. The device was measured under a controlled environment with a...

A review on wingtip devices for reducing induced drag on fixed-wing drones

Abstract: This review paper presents and analyzes previous studies on wingtip devices mainly to reduce induced drag on fixed-wing aircraft and drones. Some of the parameters discussed are the different types of winglets, cant angles, and adjustable wing structures. And these are compared against performance measures including reduced drag, fuel consumption, and improved endurance. This study aims to explore the optimized design of a wing that will give maximum drag reduction for fixed-wing d...

Environmental and socioeconomic impact of copper slag—A review

Abstract: Copper slag is generated when copper and nickel ores are recovered from their parent ores using a pyrometallurgical process, and these ores usually contain other elements which include iron, cobalt, silica, and alumina. Slag is a major problem in the metallurgical industries as it is dumped into heaps which have accumulated into millions of tons over the years. Moreover, they pose a danger to the environment as they occupy vacant land (space problems). Over the past few years, stud...

Comparison of ageing characteristics of superior insulating fluids with mineral oil for power transformer application

Abstract: Natural Esters (NEs) with a high proportion of Unsaturated Fatty Acids (UFAs) were used in this research. A Superior Insulating Fluid (SIF) is prepared by blending NEs like Baobab Oil (BAO) and Mongongo Oil (MGO) with a pure dielectric like Kerosene (KER) and subjected to ultrasonic wave treatment at 30 kHz. Then, accelerated heating of SIF is carried out in the presence of Kraft Paper (KP) and Copper Plate (CP) for 10 hours a day at 90 °C for 30 successive days. The deterioration...

Modeling a sustainable, self-energized Pine Dust Pyrolysis system with staged condensation for optimal recovery of bio-Oil

Abstract: This simulation study explores sustainable improvements that could be made to a pine dust pyrolysis system to eliminate total dependence on external electrical energy supply and improve the yield of high-quality dry bio-oil. The components, stoichiometric yield and composition of oil, char and gas were modeled in ChemCAD using data from literature and results from biomass characterization and pyrolysis. A fast pyrolysis regime was used to increase the overall yield of dry oil fract...

Lateral crashworthiness response of bombyx mori fibre/glass–fibre/epoxy hybrid composite cylindrical tubes-experimental

Abstract: Experimental studies were undertaken to investigate the effect of reinforced fibre hybridization on the crushing characteristics of quasi-static laterally compressed cylindrical composite tubes. Woven glass fibre (GF) and woven bombyx mori fibre (B.mori) were used as reinforcements and industrial epoxy was used as the matrix material to fabricate the reinforced hybrid composite specimen. Three sets of specimen were fabricated, (1) glass fibre/epoxy (2) B.mori fibre/epoxy and (3) GF...

A review on drones controlled in real-time

Abstract: This paper presents related literature review on drones or unmanned aerial vehicles that are controlled in real-time. Systems in real-time control create more deterministic response such that tasks are guaranteed to be completed within a specified time. This system characteristic is very much desirable for drones that are now required to perform more sophisticated tasks. The reviewed materials presented were chosen to highlight drones that are controlled in real time, and to includ...

The effect of a sulphate-reducing bacteria on the rate of corrosion of steel alloys

Abstract: In this article, we investigate the effect of micro-organisms on the rate of corrosion of stainless steel and mild steel alloys. The three analytical techniques we will employ in measuring the rate of corrosion are the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic polarization and the mass loss method. The test material used is the 316L stainless steel and the mild steel coupons. The microorganism we are going to use for this investigation is the sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB). ...

Application of stage condensation of tar during pyrolysis of high ash semi-bituminous-Morupule mine coal

Abstract: Botswana high-ash semi-bituminous coal produced by Morupule mine is under-utilized due to a lack of knowledge in possible applications of derivative products such as tar, syngas, and charcoal. This study is aimed to determine the possibility of producing tar as the main product via stage condensation in a semi-batch pyrolysis plant. A conventional process that incorporates fractional distillation to refine tar makes the low-quality coal uneconomical for coal to tar application beca...


76 - 90 Of 3337 Results