Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Impact Of Water Conservation Practices On Land Productivity In Ngugulo Parish, Busujju County, Mityana District

ABSTRACTThe study examined the importance water conservation on land productivity in Ngugulo Parish,Busujju County in Mityana District. It was guided by specific objectives that included;examining the practices farmers use to conserve water for agricultural land productivity, theeffect of water conservation practices on land productivity, establishing the challenges faced inconserving water for agricultural land productivity and recommending strategies farmers mayuse to overcome the chal...

The Role Of Gender Iin The Utiiliisation And Conservation Of Medicinal Plants A Case Study Of Mtelgon National Park

ABSTRACTThis study is an inspired effort to examine the ole of gender in the utilization and conservation of medicinal plants in Mt. Elgon National Park.The role of gender in the conservation and utilization of medicinal plants hasbeen a debatable issue over a long period of time.By design, this was a descriptive and cross sectional qualitative study whoseresults were based on both primary and secondary sources of datasupplemented by research tools as structured questionnaires, intervie...

The Assessment Of Agroforestry In The Conservation Of Forest Resource In Central Districts Of Uganda A Case Study Of Busujju County - Mityana District

ABSTRACTThe study assessed the role of Agroforestry in the Conservation of Forest Resource in Central District of Uganda: A Case Study of Busujju County - Mityana District. The objectives of the study included; to analyze the different agro-forestry practices, to examine the causes and impact of forest degradation and to assess the effect of agro-forestry practices in the conservation of forest resource in central districts of Uganda: a case study of Busujju County ...

Hospital Wastes Handling And Disposal: A Case Study Of Hospitals In Shinyanga Municipality, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTA case study of hospital wastes handling and disposal was carried out Shinyanga municipality in Tanzania, where issues dealing with the kind of waste produced at the health facilities, waste storage, collection, transport and disposal were looked at. The challenges experienced by the people in charge of the hospital wastes were also studied. The literature review covered kinds of hospital waste generated, basic elements of h6spital care waste management, and c...

The Role Of Wetland Inspection Dwision In Promotion Of Wetland Conservation Acase Study Of Mutungo Parish Kampala District

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out at Mutungo parish, part of Kirombi-Kachanga wetland KampalaDistrict as a chosen case study to identify the activities carried out In Mutungo wetland, findout what the Wetland Inspection Division does to conserve wetlands and to establish thechallenges faced by the Wetland Inspection Division in executing its activities. In carryingout the study the researcher, adopted a research design which was descriptive simple randomsampling and purposive sampling we...

The Impact Of Local Community Activities On Wetland Conservation In Olyanai Swamp In Kalaki Sub County, Kaberamaido Eastern Ugand

ABSTRACTAn investigation to assess the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation was conducted in Olyanai swamp, Kalaki Sub county, Kaberamaido district in Uganda. The aim of this study was to find out the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation of Olyanai swamp. The purpose of the study was to establish different community activities carried out, the impacts of those activities, the conservation practices and peoples att...

The Rol 0 F Indigenous Knowledge in Forest Conservation: Case Study Of Kazimzumbwi Forest Coast Region

ABSTRACTThough forests give a lot benefits to the local communities, they arethreatened by over exploitation as a result of deforestation activities The maindriving force behind this deforestation is land conversion, slash and burnagriculture, shifting cultivation and fuel wood gathering. In Kazimzumbwj, anancient custom is slash and burn agriculture or shifting cultivation where bytrees are cut down, allowed to dry, and then burnt to create nutrient ashes,which are mixed with soils in ...

Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTGlobally, the main factors responsible for diarrhoeal disease are inadequate drinking water,sanitation and hygiene practices. In particular. diarrhoeal disease due to inadequate water andsanitation is one of the two most important factors in childhood mortality in low~incoinecountries. The objectives of the study were to find out the causes of poor hygiene and sanitationin primary schools of Kasulu Town Council of Tanzania, to determine the effects of poorhygiene and sanitation o...

Assessment Of Economic Impacts Of Climate Change On Livestock And Crop Returns In The Coastal Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe overall objective of this study was to assess the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kenya’s coastal region. To achieve this, specific objectives were used: to assess which impact climate change has on crop net revenue; to evaluate the impact of climate change on livestock net revenue; and to estimate the impact of climate change on combined net revenue. The study was conducted in all the six counties in the coastal Kenya: Kwale, Mombasa, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana Riv...

Positron-Impact Excitation Of The Lowest Autoionizing State In Rubidium Atom Using Distorted Wave Method

 ABSTRACTMany calculations on atomic collisions and scattering processes have been performed on electronimpact excitation of the lowest autoionizing state of rubidium, but not much attempt has beenmade with positron impact which is of equally fundamental importance and is receiving attentionnowadays with the availability of improved positron beam experiments. So, in this study, totalcross-sections, differential cross-sections, lambda parameter, R parameter and the alignmentparam...

Assessment Of Climate Change Impacts On Natural Resources And The Different Gender Among The Pastoralist Communities Of Samburu, Kenya

ABSTRACTClimate change due to anthropogenic induced global warming is one of the greatest anddefining challenges of the current and future centuries. The Intergovernmental Panel onClimate Change (IPGC) has unequivocally affirmed it and directly linked it toanthropogenic Green-House Gases (GHGs) emissions from fossil fuel burning and landuse changes. Although the impacts of climate change are global, they will be differentlyfelt and distributed among different regions, generations, age c...

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Adult Mosquito Sampling Methods In Three Ecological Habitats In Kwale County In South Coast, Kenya

ABSTRACT Malaria and lymphatic filariasis transmission along the coastal strip of Kenya is endemic. The predominant mosquito vectors of human malaria include Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Anopheles funestus. The same mosquitoes transmit lymphatic filariasis with an added role for Culex quinquefasciatus. Current control strategies for anthropophagic mosquitoes largely involve methods that sample for adult mosquitoes inside human dwellings before they are implemented. Despite the intensive ...

Relationship Between Socio-Economic Exclusion And Community Based Waste Management Practices In Kibera Informal Settlements, Nairobi County, Kenya

ABSTRACTOne of the greatest environmental challenges in the 21st century is ensuring successful implementation of participatory community based waste management practices in cities particularly in slums and informal settlements. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between socio-economic exclusion and community based waste management practices in Kibera informal settlements, Nairobi County. To achieve the study objectives this study was guided by Marxist theoretical framework on...

Impacts Of Water Hyacith On The Fishing Industry At The Winam Gulf, Kisumu County

ABSTRACTFresh water bodies constitute a vital component of a wide variety of living environments as integral water resource base in many human societies in the world. Water hyacinth has invadedFreshwater systems in over 50 countries on five continents and changes to its density have the potential to affect other ecological and human communities in areas where it is established either positively or negatively. The hyacinth, since its introduction in Kenya, has been a menace to the riparian com...

Influence Of Aquaculture Development On Fish Pond Water Quality And Livelihoods Of Fish Farmers In Gatundu, Kiambu County

ABSTRACTA growing fish demand in Kenya, coupled with Government support from theGovernment has seen an upsurge in the aquaculture sub-sector. The Government’sEconomic Stimulus Programme (ESP) has been the main boost to Aquaculturedevelopment in the country. Despite the high growth, there is inadequate information onimpact of the growth in aquaculture on water quality and livelihoods. The main objectiveof this study therefore was to establish the quality of water in the fish ponds and ...


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