Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Grazing Effects on The Riparian Vegetation and Human Community Along River Benue, Adamawa State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study purposely investigated the grazing effects on riparian vegetation and human communities along river Benue, Adamawa states. The objectives were; i) to determine grazing effects on the plant community; ii) to determine the socio economic effects of grazing along river Benue on human community; and iii) to identify effective management strategies for conservation and sustainability of riparian area along river Benue. The study used cross-sectional and observational survey des...

Wetland Degradation in Jinja District; A Case Study of Lake Victoria, Uganda.

ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study was to find out the causes of wetland degradation in Jinja District, Uganda. The study covered the awareness of the people on wetlands; the values of the ecosystems; and the impacts of wetland’ degradation, so as to come up with strategies for better management and conservation of the Lake Victoria wetlands. This study found that wetland degradation was attributed to by anthropogenic factors including industrial pollution, over-harvesting, dumping, in...

The Effects of Charcoal Burning on Mabira Forest Resource Mukono District, Central-Uganda

ABSTRACT The effects of charcoal burning on the forest resources is intended to discover the extent of the problem because of unhealthy combination of deforestation and booming population was inflicting hardship on women and children . They could no longer find charcoal, and when they could, they couldnTt afford it. The rapid population growth in Mabira forest in Mukono district has led to increased deforestation in pen-urban areas and the densely populated fragile highlands’~ in the east a...

Art Of Solid Waste Disposal on The Environment the Case Study of Kitezi Landfill Kampala Uganda

ABSTRACTThe objectives of the study were to find out the impacts of solid waste disposal in the environment. The methods used in sold waste displease,challenges faced and to come up with recommendations on effective solid waste disposal at kitezi landfill.Data was subjected to a number of stages that collectively added up to the whole process of data analysis, where results from observation andinterviews were tested.The results indicated that garbage delivered at the site were ...

Effects of Water Accessibility to The Community Of Hakibale Sub County, Kabarole District, Western Uganda

ABSTRACTThe lack of access to sufficient water and sanitation facilities is one of the largest hindrances towards the sustainable development of the poorest 2.2 billion people in the world. The research was conducted in Hakibale Sub County in Kabarole district. The availability and accessibility of water in a community helps reduce wastage of time which would have been used for productive work especially income generation, it alsofacilitates production in terms of water fo...

Wetland Degradation in Uganda; The Case Study of Kinawataka, Nakawa Division Kampala District.

ABSTRACT The study focused on wetland degradation in Uganda: A case study of Kiwanataka wetland in Kampala District.lt was carried out to examine the varrious causes of kinawataka wet land degradation,asses the human activities carried in and around the wet land and to establish solution for the problems brought about as a result of kinawataka wet land degragation. The wetland of Kinawatalca in Kampala was used as a sample for the study. Questionnaires, interviews, literature review, recordin...

Environmental Hygiene and Household Health in Kamuli Town Council Kamuli District

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATIONAPPROVAL iiDEDICATION iiiACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ivLIST OF ACRONYMS vLIST OF TABLES viiLIST OF FIGURES viiiTABLE OF CONTENTS ixABSTRACT xiiCHAPTER ONE 11.0 Introduction 11.1 Background of the study 11.2 Statement of the problem 31.3 Objectives of the study 31.3.1 Main objective 31.3.2 Specific objectives 41.4 Research questions 41.5 Scope of the study 41.6 Purpose of the study 4CHAPTER TWO 6LITERATURE REVIEW 62.0 Introduction 62.1 Accessibility and Health 62.2 Adoption of...

The Role of Soil Conservation Techniques to Food Security: Case Study of Yambio State, Southern Sudan

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATION iAPPROVAL iiDEDICATION ivAKNOWLEDGEMENT vTABLE OF CONTENTS viCHAPTER ONE 11.0 Introduction 11.1 Background 21 .2 Problem Statement 41.3 Objective 51.3.1 Overall objective~ 51.3.2 Specific objectives 51.4 Research Questions 51.5 Scope Of The Study 51.6 Justification Of The Study 61.7 Conceptual Framework~ 7CHAPTER TWO 8LITERATURE REVIEW 82.0 INTRODUCTION 82.1 SOIL CONSERVATION TECHNIQUES 82.1.1 Planting Vegetation~ 82.1.2 Contour P1oughing~ 92.1.3 Maintaining the S...

Effects of Land use Changes on Soil Fertility in Kapuonja Village, Kisumu District, Kenya.

INTRODUCTION Environmental problems are as old as the beginning of mans creation. Concern about the environment is a recent and localized phenomenon that began only in the late 1960s. Thus, the recognition of the deteriorating state of environment quality has been understood and seen now, after many years of accumulation of public outcries. Environmental issues affect every life on this planet from the smallest microorganisms to the human race. The reason for this is simple. A single disrupti...

Communities’ Awareness On Climate Change And Its Effects: A Case Study Of Trans Nzoia District, Kenya.

ABSTRACT Global climate change is caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere that trap radiant heat thereby leading to an accelerated anthropogenic greenhouse effect that has huge negative global ramifications. Awareness levels on the very existence of the climate change issue is currently very low especially in areas considered to be most vulnerable to the anticipated changes thereby informing the research undertaken titled “Communities’ Awareness on Climate C...

Accessibility To Potable Water And Its Implications To Rural Community Health: A Case Study Of Maddu County, Gomba District

ABSTRACTHistorically there has been life behind our ways of living and human health has always beenlinked to our environment. Though the problem of water is common in most parts of maddu,most people have cultures affiliated to water accessibilities which have an effect on childhealth.Today most people are faced with water related problems which has left most communities infear hindering sustainable development, such problems include rape, kidnapping, anddefilement due to water sources being f...

AN APPRAISAL OF TREND IN RENTAL VALUE OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY WITHIN THE LAST TEN YEARS (2003-2012) (A CASE STUDY OF GRA (TPS100 ILORIN)

TABLE OF CONTENTTitle pageCertificationDedicationAcknowledgementTable of contentsSynopsisCHAPTER ONE1.0 Introduction1.1 Statement of the problem1.2 Aim and objectives1.3 Significant of the study1.4 Scope of the study1.5 Limitations of the study1.6 Study Area (Geographical setting and historical background)1.7 Definition of termsCHAPTER TWO2.0 Literature review2.1 conceptual framework2.2 Concept of value2.3 Concept of rental value2.4 Nature of value2.5 Concepts of rent2.6 Factors affecting ren...

Water Accessibility and Community Welfare, A Case Study of Logoba Parish of Moyo District North Western Uganda

TABLE OF CONTENTDECLARATION .APPROVALDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENTS j.TABLE OF CONTENTLIST OF TABLES ixLIST OF FIGURESDEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMSLIST OF ACRONYMSABSTRACTCHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTIONI .OBackground of the studyI. Problem statement 3I .2Objectives 41.2.lGeneral objectives 4I .2.2Specific objectives 4I.3Research questions 41.4 Scope of the research 51.6 Justification of the study (significance) sCIIAPTER TWO 6LITERATURE REVIEW 62.Olntroduction 62. 1 Water, its sources and uses 62.2Prob...

Effects Of Quarrying On The Environment: A Case Study Of Tala, Machakos District, Kenya

ABSTACT The study was conducted to establish the effects of qua1Tying on the environment using Tala, Machakos district as the case study in Kenya. Machakos district is found in the Eastern province of Kenya. It was intended to establish the extent to which quarrying has affected the environment in Tala. To examine what are the causes of quanying and suggest the possible measures through which quarrying effects on the environment. Fifty (50) respondents were randomly selected and these includ...

The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division.

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATIONAPPROVALDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENT ivABSTRACTLIST OF ACRONYMSLIST OF TABLESLIST OF FIGURES xiiCHAPTER ONE 11.0 Introduction 11.1 Background i1.2 Statement ofthe problem 51.3 General objective 51 .4 Specific objective 51.5 Research questions sCHAPTER TWO 72.0 Literature review 72.lDeflnition of terms 72.2 The concept of Subsistence Agriculture 72.2.1 Types of Subsistence Agriculture 82.3 The concept of Wetland conservation 112.3.1 Wet land functions 112.4 Effects of ...


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