Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

THE EFFECTS OF PASSIVE SOLAR CONTROL ON HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT

ABSTRACTBuildings are supposed to shield their occupant from the solar radiation which especially in the hot dry climate of Bauchi pose problems of high indoor temperatures, thermal and visual discomfort among others. But to what extent does the Architectural solar control measures viz; shading, building orientation with respect to cardinal direction, and design or planning affect cooling? The current study investigates effect of exploiting these strategies on passive solar control in institu...

AN APPRECIATION OF THE ECONOMIC BASIS OF PROPERTY VALUES

For an object to have value it must be scarce in relative to demand, i.e. it has to be limited in supply relative to its demand, this also applies to the case of properties. If an item is in high supply and there is limited demand for it, then ion an economic sense that object has no value. For example, air is useful for many purposes because it is in free supply, it has no economic value. Apart from being a measure of...

A SAMPLE OF QUANTITY SURVEYING TAKING-OFF

ELEMENT NO.1: SUBSTRUCTURE GROUND WOK.   D20: EXCAVATING AND FILLING       Cut down trees girth 600mm – 1.50m. 3nrs (D20:1.2.1.)   3nrs (D20:1.2.2.)3265m2 D20:1.3.4.   TOP SOIL Excavate Over site To Removed Vegetable Soil Ave...

EFFECTS OF SOLAR CONTROL (A CASE STUDY OF DOMITORY BUILDINGS IN MAUTECH)

ABSTRACTBuildings supposed to shield their occupant from the perturbing solar radiation which especially in the hot dry climate of Yola pose problems of high indoor temperatures, thermal and visual discomfort among others. But to what extend does the Architectural solar control measures viz; shading, building orientation with respect to cardinal direction, and design or planning affect cooling. The current study examined effect of exploiting these strategies on passive cooling in dormitory bu...

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COST PLANNING OF A PUBLIC BUILDING PROJECT

ABSTRACT The importance of accurate estimate during the early stage of cost planning of capital project has been widely recognized for many years. Even so, very few quantitative method are available that enable estimators and business managers to objectively evaluate the accuracy of early estimates and planning. The primary purpose of this study was to identify and examine the factors influencing cost planning ...

PREPARATION OF A CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT PLAN

A campus development plan is the deliberate spatial organisation of human activities to achieve the highest possible social and economic benefit, convenient and aesthetics in the light of available resources of land, manpower, finance, technology, time among others. (Jeriko, 1998)Section 91 of the urban and regional planning law of 1992, decree no. 88 defines a development plan as “a plan indicating the manner in which an are...

SIWES I. T report undertaken at the department of development control wuse zone 6,Abuja.

ABSTRACTThis report is based on my six months Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme undertaken at Department Of Development Control, Abuja Metropolitan Management Council, No 2 Juba Street, Wuse Zone 6, Abuja, F.C.T.The information I was able to gather was basically through my perso...

Bid Rent

Assume for a moment, we live a life of not having the knowledge of cities. Population are dispersed evenly, with population density equal in all areas. Transportation to work do not exist because everyone works from home. Exchange of goods occurs instantly and at zero cost, no matter the distance. This assumption cannot exist because we cities existing, exchange is costly and dense area stand alongside spares ones. ...

Bid Rent Theory

BID-RENT MODELSIntroduction Assume for a moment, we live a life of not having the knowledge of cities. Population are dispersed evenly, with population density equal in all areas. Transportation to work do not exist because everyone works from home. Exchange of goods occurs instantly and at zero cost, no matter the distance. This assumption cannot exist because we cities existing, exchange is costly and dense area stand alongside spares ones.The major reason of assuming a life without ci...

Impact of urbanization on fct abuja

INTRODUCTIONUrbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas or the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas (Wikipedia). The United Nations projected that half of the world's population would live in urban areas at the end of 2038. It is predi...

Socio-economic impact of Obudu Ranch Resort on the host communities of Cross River State-Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study examined the socio-economic impact of the Obudu Ranch Resort on the Host Communities, Cross River State-Nigeria. Data for the study were collected through questionnaire survey, interviews, field inventory and participatory rural appraisal (PPR) methods. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, averages, graphs, charts, frequencies and maps. An inferential statistics (Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient) was adop...

THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION IN IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF ORGANIZATION A CASE STUDY OF ANAMCO MANUFACTURING COMPANY LTD ENUGU)

   ABSTRACTThis research work undertaken to examine how the employee of Anamco manufacturing company LTD, Enugu more motivated and job satisfied. The concept of motivation and job satisfaction has to do with the total feeling involve in effect weighting the sum total influences in the job, the nature of supervisor etc. When the sum of total influences gives rise to positive feeling that is motivation and it also lead to satisfaction.  In surveying the role of motivation and job...

HEALTH IMPLCATION OF STUDENT HOUSING IN NIGERIA TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS: A STUDY OF KADUNA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GIDAN WAYA.

ABSTRACTThe student housing has been a major area of concern with increasing student population as a result of increasing interest in the higher institutions of learning over the years. The rise in population which has led to various problematic conditions of student housing which range from inadequate infrastructure facilities to overcrowding and poor sanitary conditions thus leading to severe health problems amongst students residing in hostels, has i...

THE PLUTO DEBATE IN THE NEW DEFINITION OF SOLAR SYSTEM

This paper gives an overview of the Pluto debate in solar system. It explains the new definition of planet and how it affects students in the elementary schools.The paper also seeks the active participation of stakeholders in educating people on new discoveries in space explorations.IntroductionThe composition of planets in the solar system has been a point of debate among astronomers, planetary scientist, astrophysicist etc on the status of some planets. It is known that the planets, satelli...

The Relevance Of A Good Urban Design In Man-aging Urban Sprawl In Nigeria.

The condition of cities in Nigeria has become very alarming today, considering the state of planning in the country. Many cities have grown haphazardly without a plan, making it take the form of a slum and shanty settlements; it is expected that urban design principle can be utilized to design a habitable and aesthetically pleasing environment. This paper seeks to discuss the ways in which urban sprawl can be managed  with good urban design principles.


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