Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

The Role Of Wetland Inspection Dwision In Promotion Of Wetland Conservation Acase Study Of Mutungo Parish Kampala District

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out at Mutungo parish, part of Kirombi-Kachanga wetland KampalaDistrict as a chosen case study to identify the activities carried out In Mutungo wetland, findout what the Wetland Inspection Division does to conserve wetlands and to establish thechallenges faced by the Wetland Inspection Division in executing its activities. In carryingout the study the researcher, adopted a research design which was descriptive simple randomsampling and purposive sampling we...

The Impact Of Local Community Activities On Wetland Conservation In Olyanai Swamp In Kalaki Sub County, Kaberamaido Eastern Ugand

ABSTRACTAn investigation to assess the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation was conducted in Olyanai swamp, Kalaki Sub county, Kaberamaido district in Uganda. The aim of this study was to find out the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation of Olyanai swamp. The purpose of the study was to establish different community activities carried out, the impacts of those activities, the conservation practices and peoples att...

The Rol 0 F Indigenous Knowledge in Forest Conservation: Case Study Of Kazimzumbwi Forest Coast Region

ABSTRACTThough forests give a lot benefits to the local communities, they arethreatened by over exploitation as a result of deforestation activities The maindriving force behind this deforestation is land conversion, slash and burnagriculture, shifting cultivation and fuel wood gathering. In Kazimzumbwj, anancient custom is slash and burn agriculture or shifting cultivation where bytrees are cut down, allowed to dry, and then burnt to create nutrient ashes,which are mixed with soils in ...

Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTGlobally, the main factors responsible for diarrhoeal disease are inadequate drinking water,sanitation and hygiene practices. In particular. diarrhoeal disease due to inadequate water andsanitation is one of the two most important factors in childhood mortality in low~incoinecountries. The objectives of the study were to find out the causes of poor hygiene and sanitationin primary schools of Kasulu Town Council of Tanzania, to determine the effects of poorhygiene and sanitation o...

Assessment Of Economic Impacts Of Climate Change On Livestock And Crop Returns In The Coastal Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe overall objective of this study was to assess the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kenya’s coastal region. To achieve this, specific objectives were used: to assess which impact climate change has on crop net revenue; to evaluate the impact of climate change on livestock net revenue; and to estimate the impact of climate change on combined net revenue. The study was conducted in all the six counties in the coastal Kenya: Kwale, Mombasa, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana Riv...

Positron-Impact Excitation Of The Lowest Autoionizing State In Rubidium Atom Using Distorted Wave Method

 ABSTRACTMany calculations on atomic collisions and scattering processes have been performed on electronimpact excitation of the lowest autoionizing state of rubidium, but not much attempt has beenmade with positron impact which is of equally fundamental importance and is receiving attentionnowadays with the availability of improved positron beam experiments. So, in this study, totalcross-sections, differential cross-sections, lambda parameter, R parameter and the alignmentparam...

Assessment Of Climate Change Impacts On Natural Resources And The Different Gender Among The Pastoralist Communities Of Samburu, Kenya

ABSTRACTClimate change due to anthropogenic induced global warming is one of the greatest anddefining challenges of the current and future centuries. The Intergovernmental Panel onClimate Change (IPGC) has unequivocally affirmed it and directly linked it toanthropogenic Green-House Gases (GHGs) emissions from fossil fuel burning and landuse changes. Although the impacts of climate change are global, they will be differentlyfelt and distributed among different regions, generations, age c...

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Adult Mosquito Sampling Methods In Three Ecological Habitats In Kwale County In South Coast, Kenya

ABSTRACT Malaria and lymphatic filariasis transmission along the coastal strip of Kenya is endemic. The predominant mosquito vectors of human malaria include Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Anopheles funestus. The same mosquitoes transmit lymphatic filariasis with an added role for Culex quinquefasciatus. Current control strategies for anthropophagic mosquitoes largely involve methods that sample for adult mosquitoes inside human dwellings before they are implemented. Despite the intensive ...

Relationship Between Socio-Economic Exclusion And Community Based Waste Management Practices In Kibera Informal Settlements, Nairobi County, Kenya

ABSTRACTOne of the greatest environmental challenges in the 21st century is ensuring successful implementation of participatory community based waste management practices in cities particularly in slums and informal settlements. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between socio-economic exclusion and community based waste management practices in Kibera informal settlements, Nairobi County. To achieve the study objectives this study was guided by Marxist theoretical framework on...

Impacts Of Water Hyacith On The Fishing Industry At The Winam Gulf, Kisumu County

ABSTRACTFresh water bodies constitute a vital component of a wide variety of living environments as integral water resource base in many human societies in the world. Water hyacinth has invadedFreshwater systems in over 50 countries on five continents and changes to its density have the potential to affect other ecological and human communities in areas where it is established either positively or negatively. The hyacinth, since its introduction in Kenya, has been a menace to the riparian com...

Influence Of Aquaculture Development On Fish Pond Water Quality And Livelihoods Of Fish Farmers In Gatundu, Kiambu County

ABSTRACTA growing fish demand in Kenya, coupled with Government support from theGovernment has seen an upsurge in the aquaculture sub-sector. The Government’sEconomic Stimulus Programme (ESP) has been the main boost to Aquaculturedevelopment in the country. Despite the high growth, there is inadequate information onimpact of the growth in aquaculture on water quality and livelihoods. The main objectiveof this study therefore was to establish the quality of water in the fish ponds and ...

The Performance Of Selected Tree Species In The Rehabilitation Of A Limestone Quarry At East African Portland Cement Company Land, Athi River, Kenya

ABSTRACTQuarrying for limestone is an economic necessity that is not only hazardous to human but also one that invariably has deleterious effect on the environment. Information on the performance of trees species is important as plants are key in the revegetation of exhausted quarries. A comparison of field performance of Acacia xanthophloea, Schinus molle, Casuarina equisetifolia and Grevillea robusta was made in an exhausted limestone quarry, backfilled with limestone mine waste, in a semi-...

Influence Of Fish Trade Activities On The Environment In Gikomba Fish Market, Nairobi County, Kenya

ABSTRACTPost-harvest fisheries activities have been cited as contributors to environmental degradation. The current sanitary situation in urban fish markets is worrying and present threats to the public health and the surrounding environment. The research aimed to investigate and understand how the fish trader’s activities influence the environmental situation in fish markets. A descriptive survey design was used for the research. The target for the study was the fish traders of Gikomba fis...

Oil And Gas Exploration And Sustainable Environmental Management In Oil Block 13t South Lokichar Basin, Turkana County, Kenya

ABSTRACTCommercial oil and gas was discovered in Kenya in 2012. Few academic studies have been done on the effects of the mentioned discovery to the environment.The oil and gas resources are expected to transform the economic wellbeing of the locals and the nation at large.However,land degradation, environmental pollution and socio-economic problems have always ensued oil and gas exporation ventures globally.This study aimed at determining the effects of oil and gas exploration on biophysical...

Challenges And Opportunities Of Indigenous Bamboo And Its Environmental Conservation In Kieni Forest, Gakoe Location Of Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTYushania alpina formerly known as Arundinaria alpina is the only species of native bamboo indigenous forests in Kenya. It plays an integral part in the indigenous forests in which it occurs. Bamboo is a fast growing, renewable, widespread, low cost, environment enhancing resource with great potential in environmental conservation and poverty alleviation. The lack of rules surrounding bamboo exploitation in Kenya has resulted in unsustainable harvesting and utilization of bamboo. There...


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