Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

THE CHALLENGES OF VALUING PROPERTIES IN SUB-URBAN SETTLEMENT

ABSTRACTSub-urban settlement is an area that is usually between urban and rural settlements. They are usually between urban and rural settlements. They are usually found at the peripheries of an urban area. These settlements may not necessarily have facilities of an urban setup but some particularities stands them out and place them at a disadvantage position in terms of valuation. The availability of insufficient comparable, incompatibility of uses and relatively low econom...

AN ASSESSMENT OF LAND USE ALLOCATION IN DORBEN POLYTECHNIC (MAIN CAMPUS) BWARI, ABUJA

ABSTRACTAn assessment of Land use Allocation is a topic chosen from the Estate management field. The research was conducted mainly to assessed the positive and negatives effects on land use in a tertiary institution. For effective research on this topic “An assessment of Land Use Allocation” both primary and secondary data were used to elicit information from sample studied, the primary source data were response from the personal interview conducted, questionnaire and physical observation...

Urban and Regional planning

What is Environmental Integrity? In an attempt to understand the meaning of the phrase “environmental integrity”, this paper, shall attempt to separate the phrase to enable it arrive at a definition.While the phrase “Environmental” concerns with the environment; connected with the natural conditions in which people, animals and plant live” . The term integrity connotes uprightness, honesty, purity entireness, wholeness; the unimpaired state of anything .  Given the above m...

SUSTAINABLE CITY: ISSUES AND CONSIDERATIONS

‘Sustainability’ has been everybody’s concern in different spheres of human settlements and their development. Every effort is made to make provisions for the inhabitants of these settlements to make their living better. Thus, quality of life has been the prime concern for the planners and policy makers while considering planning and developmental options for the settlements. Urban settlements have been in the limelight since past one and ...

TIPS ON CARRYING OUT A CASE STUDY FOR BEGINNERS

What is the purpose of conducting a Case Study?As the term Case Study suggests, it is the study of a particular case that is similar to your topic of design project. Doing a case study will help you understand the various aspects that you have to consider while designing.When students begin studying Architecture at a University, the first thing that they are supposed to become excellent at, is doing a documentation or a case study. It could be a case study of a small village, town, a villa, a...

WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE

 ABSTRACTWater is one of the most important natural resources for all life on earth. The availability and quality of water always have played an important part in determining not only where people can live, but also their quality of life. Even though there always has been plenty of fresh water on earth, water has not always been available when and where it is needed, nor is it always of suitable quality for all uses. Water must be considered as a finite resource that has limits and bound...

An Assessment Of Solid Waste Disposal Practices In Residential Buildings (A Case Study Of Majidadi 'B' Ward, Bauchi)

ABSTRACT This research was conducted on “Assessment of Solid Waste Disposal Practices in Majidadi ‘B’ ward in the Bauchi metropolis” aimed at assessing the nature and the methods used by the users of the area, which was first carried out through survey with the use of structured questionnaires to some persons chosen from the study area. 152 questionnaires were administered out of which 84.87% response was received. The data was analyzed using frequency table and the use of pie chart ...

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COST PLANNING OF PUBLIC BUILDING PROJECT

ABSTRACT The importance of accurate estimate during the early stage of cost planning of capital project has been widely recognized for many years. Even so, very few quantitative method are available that enable estimators and business managers to objectively evaluate the accuracy of early estimates and planning. The primary purpose of this study was to identify and examine the factors influencing cost planning of building projec...

POTENTIALITIES OF WHISTLEBLOWING IN DEALING WITH UNETHICAL PRACTICES IN THE NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES

ABSTRACTConstruction industry is a very challenging and complex sector. The ability to control and communicate with various stages, process and parties to meet the project objectives are not an easy job and these responsibilities are on the professionals shoulders. Besides that, the professionals are also facing their own crisis and dilemma as an ethical professional. This study is focusing on three group of professionals; engineers, architects and quantity surveyors. The objectives of this s...

THE EFFECTS OF PASSIVE SOLAR CONTROL ON HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT

ABSTRACTBuildings are supposed to shield their occupant from the solar radiation which especially in the hot dry climate of Bauchi pose problems of high indoor temperatures, thermal and visual discomfort among others. But to what extent does the Architectural solar control measures viz; shading, building orientation with respect to cardinal direction, and design or planning affect cooling? The current study investigates effect of exploiting these strategies on passive solar control in institu...

AN APPRECIATION OF THE ECONOMIC BASIS OF PROPERTY VALUES

For an object to have value it must be scarce in relative to demand, i.e. it has to be limited in supply relative to its demand, this also applies to the case of properties. If an item is in high supply and there is limited demand for it, then ion an economic sense that object has no value. For example, air is useful for many purposes because it is in free supply, it has no economic value. Apart from being a measure of...

A SAMPLE OF QUANTITY SURVEYING TAKING-OFF

ELEMENT NO.1: SUBSTRUCTURE GROUND WOK.   D20: EXCAVATING AND FILLING       Cut down trees girth 600mm – 1.50m. 3nrs (D20:1.2.1.)   3nrs (D20:1.2.2.)3265m2 D20:1.3.4.   TOP SOIL Excavate Over site To Removed Vegetable Soil Ave...

EFFECTS OF SOLAR CONTROL (A CASE STUDY OF DOMITORY BUILDINGS IN MAUTECH)

ABSTRACTBuildings supposed to shield their occupant from the perturbing solar radiation which especially in the hot dry climate of Yola pose problems of high indoor temperatures, thermal and visual discomfort among others. But to what extend does the Architectural solar control measures viz; shading, building orientation with respect to cardinal direction, and design or planning affect cooling. The current study examined effect of exploiting these strategies on passive cooling in dormitory bu...

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COST PLANNING OF A PUBLIC BUILDING PROJECT

ABSTRACT The importance of accurate estimate during the early stage of cost planning of capital project has been widely recognized for many years. Even so, very few quantitative method are available that enable estimators and business managers to objectively evaluate the accuracy of early estimates and planning. The primary purpose of this study was to identify and examine the factors influencing cost planning ...

PREPARATION OF A CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT PLAN

A campus development plan is the deliberate spatial organisation of human activities to achieve the highest possible social and economic benefit, convenient and aesthetics in the light of available resources of land, manpower, finance, technology, time among others. (Jeriko, 1998)Section 91 of the urban and regional planning law of 1992, decree no. 88 defines a development plan as “a plan indicating the manner in which an are...


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