Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Assessment of Land Use Changes in Kaduna Metropolis. A case study of Mahuta, Chickun LGA

The only constant thing in life is change. The Landuse of a place tend to change due to the nature and type of activities of its inhabitants. These changes over time have significant effect on the environment. The positive and negative indication of such changes need to be noticed before the settlement decay. In this research work, the Landuse change ndicators are assessed and solutions are proffered to mitigate the negative effects of such changes.

Assessment of Land Use Changes in Kaduna Metropolis

The only constant thing in life is change. The Landuse of a place tend to change due to the nature and type of activities of its inhabitants. These changes over time have significant effect on the environment. The positive and negative indication of such changes need to be noticed before the settlement decay. In this research work, the Landuse change ndicators are assessed and solutions are proffered to mitigate the negative effects of such changes.

Assessment of Educational Facilities in Kaduna South LGA

In Nigeria, educational facilities are not evenly distributed; hence, the need for the assessment of the distribution pattern arises. The student enrolment into primary and secondary school differs depending on the Socio-economic activities of the location or region.

Assessment of Housing Affordability in Federal Housing Estate Oke-Ila

ABSTRACT This research attempts to assess housing affordability in Federal Housing Estate, Oke-Ila. It utilised a structured questionnaire for this purpose. The result of the analysis of this questionnaire reveals that among other things, greater percentage of people in the study area spend above 30% of their monthly income on housing. This is against the 30% affordability benchmark set by scholars such as Andrew (1998), Cox Dand Pavletich (2010) as well as Adedeji (2006). The resear...

EVALUATION OF CSR IN THE NIGER DELTA (NEMBE REGIONS) OF BAYELSA STATE: A CASE STUDY OF SHELL

ABSTRACT Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become a much debated issue between host communities (HC) and Multinational Oil Companies (MOCs) in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region. The singular pursuit of profit by MOCs, at the expense of CSR, has placed some MOCs on a collision course with host communities in Niger Delta, who are asking that economic, social, and environmental sustainability be taken seriously by operational oil companies in the region. These arguments have resulted...

Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report

Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. It is economically very important, providing water to more than 20 million people living in the four countries which surround it — Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. It is located mainly in the far west of Chad, bordering on north eastern Nigeria. The Chari River is its largest source of water, providing over 90% of Lake Chad's water. The lake possesses many small islands and mud banks, and its shorelines are largely...

IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH QUALITY OF GWAGWALADA TOWN, ABUJA, NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1            Background to the StudyContemporary globalization and urbanization is reproducing classic conditions historically associated with the emergence of infectious diseases and the periodically recurring pattern of epidemics and pandemics. The dynamics of contemporary globalization has contributed to various institutional gaps that make dealing with infectious diseases is increasing difficult and threaten concentrated human populations with p...

The Environmental Implications of Gwagwalada Rapid Urbanization on Health of Residents

Abstract The study assessed the environmental implications of Gwagwalada rapid urbanization on health of residents. The study specifically examined health outcome of rapid urbanization on the different socio-economic class; the health outcome of rapid urbanization on water and sanitation; and on housing and residential occupation ratio. A total of 156respondents was drawn from planned, unplanned and rural Gwagwalada through random sampling techniques and simple percentage was used in...

POLLUTION STATUS OF THE URBAN SECTION OF DELIMI RIVER.HYDROLOGICAL SOCIETY(1)

 Abstract River pollution in the urban areas is a common problem in many parts of Nigeria. This study examines the physio-chemical and biological parameters of the river Delimi within the Jos urban area. The specific objectives were to identify the dominant activities that constitute factors of pollution, and assess the pollution levels at different activity positions and different times of the year. Eight water samples were collected at eight locations on the river stretch...

Evaluation of Public Housing Programmes in Nigeria: A Theoritical and Conceptual Approach

The  aim  of  this  paper  is  to  develop  and  test  a  theoretical  and  conceptual  framework  for  an  alternative  approach  to evaluation  of  public  housing  programmes  in  Nigeria.  It  seeks  to  address  limitations  of  existing  approaches  where one  theory  or  discipline  has  the  upper  hand  in  evaluating  public  housing  programmes.  This  paper  proposes  a broad-based  framework  for  assessing  relationships  be...

Application of GIS in Estate Management (A Case Study of Araromi Phase IV, Oyo. Nigeria)

The aim  of the project is the application of Geographic  Information System  in the  effective management  of  Estate  and its resources.  While  the objectives included  capturing  of geometric and  attribute data  about the estate features,  such  as road,  parcel building,  electric  poles, wells, land use,  ownership  and  address,  design  of  a  database for the estate, perform  spatial  analysis  and product  presentation.  The geometric  data  acquisit...

Peri-urban Settlements and Sustainable Land Management in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Urbanization causes urban expansion, dramatically transforming peri-urban environments and societies. In this process, rural lands are consumed by an expanding city, exploiting the large rent gap between agricultural and urban land. On the basis of the aforementioned reason, understanding peri-urban settlement growth is key to helping city managers develop strategies to curb undesirable development trends around the city’s periphery. To these ends, this study was under...

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS IN THE TROPICS

[ABSTRACTThe environment has been seen as human beings, fauna and flora; soil, water, air, climate and the landscape; the interaction between the factors mentioned in the first and second items; material assets and the cultural heritage. The Tropics are latitudinal locations 23°27' north to 23°27' south  of the equator, within the earth's surface, over which the sun is almost directly overhead during the entire year. Environmental Hazards in the Tropics are those substances or actions ...

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF ROAD TRANSPORT TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN OWO, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.

Limited resources, invested for the development of transport facilities, such as infrastructure and vehicles, coupled with the rapid rise in transport demand, existence of a huge number of no motorized vehicles on roads, lack of application of adequate and proper traffic management schemes are producing severe transport problems in almost all the urban areas of Nigeria. Worsening situation is the traffic congestion in the streets and sufferings of the inhabitants from vehicle emiss...

STRATEGIES FOR CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

In the process of man’s consumption of natural resources in his natural environment, a number of stress is created which affects adversely the quality of the environment in which he lives. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify the various methods through which public awareness that are considered effective as well as the strategies for their implication are discussed in the light of the achievement of a sustainable environment in Nigeria. In its introductory section...


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