Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Crime Mapping and Residents Safety Survey in Lagos. Case of Lagos Island

The problem of crime has always posed not only a big threat to the society and people but has also raised great concerns all over the world. This study is aimed to assess the spatial analysis and evaluate residents‟ feeling of safety in relation to criminal activities in Lagos Island with a view of recommending sustainable measures. The objectives for this research include to - carry out a detailed analysis on the type of crime and location in Lagos Island; determine the socio-economic char...

The Effect of Megaprojects on Surrounding Communities. Case Study of Lekki Free Trade Zone

The project thoroughly analyzed the effects the development of Lekki Free Trade Zone has on the surrounding communities.

Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State

ABSTRACTRoad traffic crashes are major global problem that has led to loss of lives and increase in travel time by motorist.  Against this background, the vehicular crashes were assessed on selected arterial roads in Niger State. The locus map was used to map the arterial roads under study (Minna- Suleja road and Minna – Bida road). In achieving the aim, the following objectives were address; mapped out the various locations of vehicular crashes hot spots, establish factors responsible for...

Effect of Climate Variability on Cassava Yield in Ajasse-Ipo (Irepodun Local Government Area of Kwara State) 2017

ABSTRACTThis study examined effect of climate variability on cassava yield in Ajasse-Ipo. To achieve this aim, this study examined trend of climatic elements of rainfall, minimum and maximum temperature, and relative humidity over the years; examined trend of cassava yield over the years; determined effect of climate variability on yield of cassava and finally predicted future trend of climate variables and their effect on cassava yield. Time series data on climatic elements: rainfall (mm), r...

FACTORS INFLUENCING HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN COMMUNITIES SURROUNDING PROTECTED AREAS AT OL PEJETA CONSERVANCY, TIGITHI WARD, LAIKIPIA COUNTY, KENYA

ABSTRACT Human-wildlife conflicts pose a great challenge to wildlife conservation and are increasing as human migration settlement from rural to urban areas increases, development expands, global climate changes and other human and environmental factors put people and wildlife in greater direct competition for a shrinking resource base. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors influencing human-wildlife conflict in communities surrounding protected areas; a case of O...

Using GIS to monitor Spatial Expansion of Federal College of Agriculture, Akure

Topic: Using GIS to monitor Spatial Expansion of Federal College of Agriculture, AkureTable of Contents Declaration ....................................................................................................................................... i Dedication ...................................................................................................................................... iii Acknowledgement.................................................................................

ENERGY SUPPLY FOR DOMESTIC USE AND IMPACT ON THE URBAN POOR IN MAKURDI NIGERIA

In Nigeria, as many developing countries, providing energy for the population has proven to be a great challenge thereby increasing dependence on other sources of energy such as fuel-wood. The consumption of forest product such as wood in Nigeria exceeds its regeneration rate thereby resulting in environmental problems such as deforestation, desert encroachment, soil erosion and habitat loss. The aim of the research is to investigate household’s fuel-wood consumption pattern and its i...

ASSESSMENT_OF_HEAVY_METAL_POLLUTANTS_IN_ROMI_RIVER_QUEEN

Heavy metals are known to be carcinogenic when consumed by humans above certain permissible limits over a long period of time. This study assessed the concentrations of some heavy metal contaminants in River Romi, Kaduna and the consequences of these heavy metals on human health. The Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) technique was employed to assess the concentration of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr and Ni in surface water samples from River Romi.  The results of the finding show that ...

PG Paper

ABSTRACT Rapid increase in population, in conjunction with increase in the rate of urbanization, has led to unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of Minna town. These have also resulted in the gradual loss of open spaces in the city, due to quest for built up area. The aim of the research is to assess the rate and pattern of urban green space conversion in Minna metropolis, with a view to generating adequate information that would facilitate and improve urban land management. The ...

Roles of government agencies in housing delivery

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in cities of today’sworld, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. This research, therefore, evaluated urbangovernance through housing administration in the state capital. It examines the extent ofhousing problems in the town, the causal factors and the culpability of government agenciesstatutorily responsible for the provision, control and management of housing development inOndo state. The systematic approach w...

FACTORS AFFECTING ESTIMATING ACCURACY IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

ABSTRACT The importance of estimating process when dealing with construction projects cannot be over- emphasized. That is why, the greatest problem facing Quantity Surveying practice globally is that of achieving a correlation between conceptual estimate and the final project cost which is often used by some employers to determine the efficiency of the Quantity Surveyor. This study was geared towards showing how different factors affect estimating process, the techniques used for su...

Impact Of Cash Flow And Resource Control In Construction Projects And Delivery

ABSTRACTConstruction projects are complex and risky. According to the literature, even profitable construction companies can fail due to poor cash flow. In order to survive in this rapidly changing environment, effective cash flow management is essential. Many unforeseen factors affect a construction project’s cash flow. The objective of the research presented in this paper is to examine the impact of these factors on contractor cash flow during the construction process. A model has ...

AN ASSESSMENT OF POVERTY AND URBAN LIVELIHOOD IMPACT ON PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

Background to Study Urban poverty and livelihoods has been the major concern of professionals in the built environment such as urban economists and urban planners for many decades, which they considered as an impediments to the physical development of most cities in the developing countries like Nigeria. However, majority of these professionals have common views in conceptualizing, measuring and establishing the key indicators for contemporary poverty issues such as t...

Impact of Flooding on Housing Development in Gani Fawehinmi Area, Ondo Town, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study examined the impact of flooding on housing development in Gani fawehinmi area, Ondo town, Nigeria.  Flood is any overland flow of water, over street, sufficient to cause significant damage to lives and property, nuisance and health hazards. Data for this study were collected from primary sources, through the administration of one hundred and twenty one (121) questionnaires on respondents in the study area. Results from this study revealed that high intensity of rainfall, d...


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