Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND FROM 1990-2004

The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collecte...

THE EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES ON THE OCCURRENCE OF FLOODS IN THE MBABANECITY SWAZILAND

:Urbanization and expansion of structural developments within the urban area of Mbabane are challenges that require a rapid response in terms of flood-damage mitigation measures. There have been several cases of flash floods in Mbabane mostly resulting from heavy downpour and a poor drainage system, thus causing in loss of property and goods. In this study, the effects of development activities on the occurrence of floods in Mbabane City were investigated using two set of orthophotomaps one f...

RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS (A CASE STUDY OF AMORITES ESTATE, OSOGBO).

This dissertation is model that examine residential property investment in Osun State and its associated problems. The main objective of the dissertation is to examine the means of satisfying additional housing unit requirement in Osun State, particularly Osogbo. The methodology that was adopted or employed in gathering information was the questionnaire method, through which necessary information were collected. This project work was based on the residential property investment in Osun Sate w...

An assessment of residential property investment and it's associated problems .(in IMO state a case study of owerri)

This dissertation is model that examine residential property investment in Imo State and its associated problems. The main objective of the dissertation is to examine the means of satisfying additional housing unit requirement in Imo State, particularly Imo. The methodology that was adopted or employed in gathering information was the questionnaire method, through which necessary information were collected. This project work was based on the residential property investment in Imo Sate which v...

Crime Mapping and Residents Safety Survey in Lagos. Case of Lagos Island

The problem of crime has always posed not only a big threat to the society and people but has also raised great concerns all over the world. This study is aimed to assess the spatial analysis and evaluate residents‟ feeling of safety in relation to criminal activities in Lagos Island with a view of recommending sustainable measures. The objectives for this research include to - carry out a detailed analysis on the type of crime and location in Lagos Island; determine the socio-economic char...

The Effect of Megaprojects on Surrounding Communities. Case Study of Lekki Free Trade Zone

The project thoroughly analyzed the effects the development of Lekki Free Trade Zone has on the surrounding communities.

Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State

ABSTRACTRoad traffic crashes are major global problem that has led to loss of lives and increase in travel time by motorist.  Against this background, the vehicular crashes were assessed on selected arterial roads in Niger State. The locus map was used to map the arterial roads under study (Minna- Suleja road and Minna – Bida road). In achieving the aim, the following objectives were address; mapped out the various locations of vehicular crashes hot spots, establish factors responsible for...

Effect of Climate Variability on Cassava Yield in Ajasse-Ipo (Irepodun Local Government Area of Kwara State) 2017

ABSTRACTThis study examined effect of climate variability on cassava yield in Ajasse-Ipo. To achieve this aim, this study examined trend of climatic elements of rainfall, minimum and maximum temperature, and relative humidity over the years; examined trend of cassava yield over the years; determined effect of climate variability on yield of cassava and finally predicted future trend of climate variables and their effect on cassava yield. Time series data on climatic elements: rainfall (mm), r...

FACTORS INFLUENCING HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN COMMUNITIES SURROUNDING PROTECTED AREAS AT OL PEJETA CONSERVANCY, TIGITHI WARD, LAIKIPIA COUNTY, KENYA

ABSTRACT Human-wildlife conflicts pose a great challenge to wildlife conservation and are increasing as human migration settlement from rural to urban areas increases, development expands, global climate changes and other human and environmental factors put people and wildlife in greater direct competition for a shrinking resource base. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors influencing human-wildlife conflict in communities surrounding protected areas; a case of O...

Using GIS to monitor Spatial Expansion of Federal College of Agriculture, Akure

Topic: Using GIS to monitor Spatial Expansion of Federal College of Agriculture, AkureTable of Contents Declaration ....................................................................................................................................... i Dedication ...................................................................................................................................... iii Acknowledgement.................................................................................

ENERGY SUPPLY FOR DOMESTIC USE AND IMPACT ON THE URBAN POOR IN MAKURDI NIGERIA

In Nigeria, as many developing countries, providing energy for the population has proven to be a great challenge thereby increasing dependence on other sources of energy such as fuel-wood. The consumption of forest product such as wood in Nigeria exceeds its regeneration rate thereby resulting in environmental problems such as deforestation, desert encroachment, soil erosion and habitat loss. The aim of the research is to investigate household’s fuel-wood consumption pattern and its i...

ASSESSMENT_OF_HEAVY_METAL_POLLUTANTS_IN_ROMI_RIVER_QUEEN

Heavy metals are known to be carcinogenic when consumed by humans above certain permissible limits over a long period of time. This study assessed the concentrations of some heavy metal contaminants in River Romi, Kaduna and the consequences of these heavy metals on human health. The Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) technique was employed to assess the concentration of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr and Ni in surface water samples from River Romi.  The results of the finding show that ...

PG Paper

ABSTRACT Rapid increase in population, in conjunction with increase in the rate of urbanization, has led to unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of Minna town. These have also resulted in the gradual loss of open spaces in the city, due to quest for built up area. The aim of the research is to assess the rate and pattern of urban green space conversion in Minna metropolis, with a view to generating adequate information that would facilitate and improve urban land management. The ...

Roles of government agencies in housing delivery

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in cities of today’sworld, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. This research, therefore, evaluated urbangovernance through housing administration in the state capital. It examines the extent ofhousing problems in the town, the causal factors and the culpability of government agenciesstatutorily responsible for the provision, control and management of housing development inOndo state. The systematic approach w...


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