Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Impacts Of Traditional Farming Methods On Soil: A Case Study Of Kasameni Division Kwale County, Kenya

ABSTRACTTraditional farming embraces the use of local tools like hoes, jembes, sticks and indigenousfarming technology for a wide range of farm operations from land preparation to planting,harvesting, storage and selling the surplus harvests while the impacts of traditional farminginclude soil degradation, soil erosion and others. This study was therefore to assess the degree oftraditional farming and its impacts on soil degradation in Kasemeni division in Kwale County,Kenya. The study w...

The Effect Of Squatter Settlements On The Environment: A Case Study Of Nkere Zone Makindye Division Kampala Uganda

A study was conducted in Nkere zone Makindye Division a Kampala suburb, the main issues considered included the manner squatter settlements develop, who establishes them and why it happens so. Then their impact on both the human and bio-physical environments. The study also considered measures and controls to reduce the development of slums around cities. A general study survey research design was used in carrying out this study and instruments in data collection included questionnaires...

The Influence Of Indigenous Knowledge On Climate Change Adaptation And Mitigation By Local Communities In Kidongole Sub-county, Bukedea District, Uganda.

Long before the initiation of modern scientific methods for weather forecasting and climate prediction, most of the local people used traditional ways and indicators of rainfall forecasting/prediction in order to develop local adaptation and mitigation strategies. The main objective of the study was to assess the influence of indigenous knowledge on climate change adaptation in climate change adaptation and mitigation by local communities in Kidongole sub county, Bukedea district by iden...

Urban Environmental Management: A Case Study Of The Kariobangi Slum, Nairobi City Council, Kenya

ABSTRACTBuilding strong partnerships with urban authorities can enhance development andenvironmental conservation. The purpose of the study was to establish persistentenvironmental concerns in the study area and try to understand how the community is addressing them. A qualitative approach was used involving use of questionnaires,interviews, FGDs and PRA tools to gather primary data, while reference to relevantliterature provided secondary data. Key informants for the study include...

Human Migration And Land Management In Kibale County Kamwenge District, Western Uganda

ABSTRACTThe research was set out to assess the effects of rapid human migration on land management inKibale - County Kamwenge district, western Uganda. The study was carried out on objectives toassess a general analysis on forms of land degradation in Kibale County that could result fromhuman migration; evaluating the forms land use patterns and land use in Kibale County; andidentifying possible to be adopted in order to improve on land resource management inKibale County Kamwenge distri...

The Benefits Of Using Briquettees As Energy Sources Over The Use Of Wood Fuel At Household Level. A Case Study Of Busimbi Sue-County Mityana District-Uganda

Biomass which is by far the most important energy carrier is used in a highly inefficient way primarily for cooking, leading to a considerable overuse of Uganda’s forestry resources for the last 15 years. The research was about the benefits of using briquettes as energy sources over the use of wood fuel at household level. The objectives of this study were, to determine the energy conservation values and the extent of briquettes usage at household level with regard to use of wood fuel ...

The Effects Of Poor Solid Waste Management In Urban Centers A Case Study Of Kalerwe Zone In Kawempe Division, Kampala City

Solid Waste ma~1agement was one of the most sensitive environmental issues today, The issues of public and environmental health related to municipal wastes management. It was also observed that careless disposal of solid wastes or disposing them in a trash may pose risks to human health and environment as whole. The specific objectives of the study was to find out the nature of solid wastes generated , to find out the effects of solid wastes on the people and the environment and to est...

Causes And Effects Of Poor Environmental Sanitation In Division B, Entebbe.

AbstractThe study focused on the causes, effects and of poor environmentalsanitation. It was carried out in Entebbe Division ‘B’ Kitoro, Kigungu,Nakiwogo, and Lugonjo. Basically with the guidance of the objectives,information was obtained and they included to finding out causes and effectsof poor environmental sanitation, and suggestions of the solution to theproblem. The extra information was obtained from textbooks, newspapers,reports and journals.The major causes of poor environm...

Causes And Effects Of Poor Environmental Sanitation In Division B, Entebbe

AbstractThe study focused on the causes, effects and of poor environmentalsanitation. It was carried out in Entebbe Division ‘B’ Kitoro, Kigungu,Nakiwogo, and Lugonjo. Basically with the guidance of the objectives,information was obtained and they included to finding out causes and effectsof poor environmental sanitation, and suggestions of the solution to theproblem. The extra information was obtained from textbooks, newspapers,reports and journals.The major causes of poor environm...

Water Availability And Household Sanitation And Hygiene: Case Study Of Koboko Town Council, Koboko District Nothern Uganda

ABSTRACTThe research on “Water Availability and Household Sanitation and Hygiene” was carried out in Koboko Town Council, Koboko District with specifically on finding out the available watersources; examine the level of accessibility of the available water sources; examine the extent to which accessibility of the water sources influences household sanitation and hygiene; and assess the level of success of town council authorities in improving household sanitation and h...

The Efects Of Slum Establishment On The Health Of The Local Community: A Case Study Of Juba, Southern Sudan

ABSTRACTSlums are inadequate multifamily tenants or rooming houses, either built to rent orconverted from some other use. The main purpose of this study was to identify theeffects of the slum establishment on the health of the local community. A total number of140 respondents were randomly sampled. Data were collected using questionnaires andinterviews. The data collected were analyzed using Statistical Package for SocialSciences (SPSS Ver.l 1.5) and presented in frequencies and percent...

Effects Of Agricultural Production On Wetlands: A Case Study Of Koniala Wetland, Kisumu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research is to evaluate the extent to which wetland agriculturalproduction allows the wetland ecosystems of the developing countries to be temperedwith due to the increased human activities i.e. agro-production. Similarly, it allows usto establish quantitative relationships between anthropogenic activities and ecologicalresponses. Effect of farming practices on wetlands in Kisumu District wasdetermined through assessment of farmers’ environmental awareness....

An Assessment Of The Use Of Indigenous Knowledge In Soil Management. • , Case Study: Musoma Province Mara Region Tanzania

ABSTRACTSoil faces many threats throughout the world, deforestation for charcoal burning andbrick making, overgrazing by livestock, and agricultural practices that fail to conservesoil are three main causes of accelerated soil loss. There has been a general trend of soilproductivity decline on crop land in Musoma province. Soil degradation is one of majorthreats to agricultural development in the province and it has become the prob !em inmany parts of the province. As the scenario leads ...

The Impact Of Deforestation On Environment In Rwanda Parish, Kooki County In Rakai District

ABSTRACTThe study examined the impact of deforestation on the environment in Rwanda Parish, in Kooki County in Rakai District. It was guided by specific objectives that included; examining the causes, effects and measures to deforestation in Rwanda Parish. Kooki County in Rakai District. The study took place in five villages that included; Nzosibiri, Nakitokolo, Kachumu, Kitabi and Nabyala. A total of 250 respondents that included; modal farmers, agricultural extensio...

The Impact Of Slum Development On Fragile Ecosystems (Wetlands), A Case Study Of Namuwongo Slum, Kampala District, Uganda.

AbstractThis Research is about the impact of slum development on fragile ecosystems in Namuwongo slum, Kampala district, Uganda. This study covers the negative effects of slums on the wetland. In this research a number of impacts were shown such as how they contribute to the degradation of the wetland through the different human activities such as agriculture, industrilisation and others and finally how the wetland has been conserved having all factors constant. These...


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