Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Influence Of Environmental Clubs On Pupils‟ Environmental Awareness: A Study Of Primary Schools In Mwea Division, Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Environmental awareness is one of the goals of environmental education. Insufficient environmental awareness aggravates the problem of environmental degradation. Environmental clubs in primary schools are voluntary groups that promote participation of learners in learning about and working towards conservation and sustainability of the environment. The study on influence of environmental clubs on environmental awareness of pupils was carried out in Mbeere South Sub-County, Embu...

The Role Of Biogas Use In Promoting Environment Conservation In Bukanga Sub County, Isingiro District, Uganda

ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to examine the role of biogas use on environmentalconservation. The specific objectives were to examine the different types offuels/energies used in developing countries, find out the benefits of using biogas overother fuels in developing countries and investigate the relationship between biogas useand environmental conservation. The methods used in the study are purposive andsnowball sampling. The data collection instruments were the structured ques...

Effects Of Natural Resource Based Conflicts On Community Livelihoods In Lake Ol’bolossat Catchment Area, Nyandarua County, Kenya

ABSTRACT One of the major challenges to sustainable use of wetlands is lack of awareness by communities on the values of these ecosystems. Wetland resources are important for socio-economic, cultural and ecological supply of goods and services. Despite their importance, wetlands have remained unprotected and they are exploited beyond what they can endure. The main objective of the study was to establish the effects of natural resource based conflicts on community livelihoods in Ol‟Bol...

Implications Of Conservation Agroforestry On Carbon Sequestration, Soil Fertility And Costs In The Drylands Of Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Kenya’s drylands constitutes about 80% of the country’s size. These drylands are prone to relatively high vegetation and general environmental degradation; translating to changes in soil physical and chemical properties. Conservation agriculture with trees presents an opportunity to reduce vegetation and soil degradation thereby enhancing soil characteristics and carbon sequestration, which is an important component of redressing dryland problems associated with greenhouse ...

The Impacts Of Local Communities Enchroachment On Wetland Ecosystem; A Case Study Of Tana River Wetlands In Tana River County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe study investigated the impacts of local communities’ encroachment on wetland ecosystemusing Tana River wetlands in Tana County, Kenya. The main objective was to find out theactivities of local communities that are responsible for Tana River wetland degradation. Theproblem in the context was because many people have considered wetlands as useless or wastelands, there has always been drained or reclaimed, filled in or used as dumping grounds yetwetlands play very important ro...

Mixed Farming And Soil Degradation; A Case Study Of Nyarubuye Sub County Kisoro District South Western Uganda

ABSTRACTThe study was undertaken to analyze the relationship between mixed farming and soildegradation in Nyarubuye Sub County. The study objectives included; finding out differentmixed farming practices in Nyarubuye Sub County, identify impacts of mixed farming on soildegradation in Nyarubuye Sub County and to analyze the solutions of on how to over come soildegradation. Data was collected basing on the above objectives and each objective was handledafter the other. Different mixed fam...

Impact Of Water Conservation Practices On Land Productivity In Ngugulo Parish, Busujju County, Mityana District

ABSTRACTThe study examined the importance water conservation on land productivity in Ngugulo Parish,Busujju County in Mityana District. It was guided by specific objectives that included;examining the practices farmers use to conserve water for agricultural land productivity, theeffect of water conservation practices on land productivity, establishing the challenges faced inconserving water for agricultural land productivity and recommending strategies farmers mayuse to overcome the chal...

The Role Of Gender Iin The Utiiliisation And Conservation Of Medicinal Plants A Case Study Of Mtelgon National Park

ABSTRACTThis study is an inspired effort to examine the ole of gender in the utilization and conservation of medicinal plants in Mt. Elgon National Park.The role of gender in the conservation and utilization of medicinal plants hasbeen a debatable issue over a long period of time.By design, this was a descriptive and cross sectional qualitative study whoseresults were based on both primary and secondary sources of datasupplemented by research tools as structured questionnaires, intervie...

The Assessment Of Agroforestry In The Conservation Of Forest Resource In Central Districts Of Uganda A Case Study Of Busujju County - Mityana District

ABSTRACTThe study assessed the role of Agroforestry in the Conservation of Forest Resource in Central District of Uganda: A Case Study of Busujju County - Mityana District. The objectives of the study included; to analyze the different agro-forestry practices, to examine the causes and impact of forest degradation and to assess the effect of agro-forestry practices in the conservation of forest resource in central districts of Uganda: a case study of Busujju County ...

Hospital Wastes Handling And Disposal: A Case Study Of Hospitals In Shinyanga Municipality, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTA case study of hospital wastes handling and disposal was carried out Shinyanga municipality in Tanzania, where issues dealing with the kind of waste produced at the health facilities, waste storage, collection, transport and disposal were looked at. The challenges experienced by the people in charge of the hospital wastes were also studied. The literature review covered kinds of hospital waste generated, basic elements of h6spital care waste management, and c...

The Role Of Wetland Inspection Dwision In Promotion Of Wetland Conservation Acase Study Of Mutungo Parish Kampala District

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out at Mutungo parish, part of Kirombi-Kachanga wetland KampalaDistrict as a chosen case study to identify the activities carried out In Mutungo wetland, findout what the Wetland Inspection Division does to conserve wetlands and to establish thechallenges faced by the Wetland Inspection Division in executing its activities. In carryingout the study the researcher, adopted a research design which was descriptive simple randomsampling and purposive sampling we...

The Impact Of Local Community Activities On Wetland Conservation In Olyanai Swamp In Kalaki Sub County, Kaberamaido Eastern Ugand

ABSTRACTAn investigation to assess the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation was conducted in Olyanai swamp, Kalaki Sub county, Kaberamaido district in Uganda. The aim of this study was to find out the impacts of local community activities on wetland conservation of Olyanai swamp. The purpose of the study was to establish different community activities carried out, the impacts of those activities, the conservation practices and peoples att...

The Rol 0 F Indigenous Knowledge in Forest Conservation: Case Study Of Kazimzumbwi Forest Coast Region

ABSTRACTThough forests give a lot benefits to the local communities, they arethreatened by over exploitation as a result of deforestation activities The maindriving force behind this deforestation is land conversion, slash and burnagriculture, shifting cultivation and fuel wood gathering. In Kazimzumbwj, anancient custom is slash and burn agriculture or shifting cultivation where bytrees are cut down, allowed to dry, and then burnt to create nutrient ashes,which are mixed with soils in ...

Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTGlobally, the main factors responsible for diarrhoeal disease are inadequate drinking water,sanitation and hygiene practices. In particular. diarrhoeal disease due to inadequate water andsanitation is one of the two most important factors in childhood mortality in low~incoinecountries. The objectives of the study were to find out the causes of poor hygiene and sanitationin primary schools of Kasulu Town Council of Tanzania, to determine the effects of poorhygiene and sanitation o...

Assessment Of Economic Impacts Of Climate Change On Livestock And Crop Returns In The Coastal Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe overall objective of this study was to assess the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kenya’s coastal region. To achieve this, specific objectives were used: to assess which impact climate change has on crop net revenue; to evaluate the impact of climate change on livestock net revenue; and to estimate the impact of climate change on combined net revenue. The study was conducted in all the six counties in the coastal Kenya: Kwale, Mombasa, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana Riv...


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