Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

AN ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA (EDO STATE AS A STUDY AREA)

Abstract The age-less interaction between man and his built environment has always had positive and negative impacts on the two. Environmental disaster of varying origin from man-made to natural is one of the most negative effects of the built environment on man. An assessment of the magnitude of these disasters and an evaluation of the existing capacities to prevent, mitigate or prepare for them are necessary tools to provide future safe living for man in his built environment. Buildin...

Spatial Analysis of Informal Settlements: The Case of Kibera Slum, Nairobi County Kenya (2008-2013)

ABSTRACTThe rate at which informal settlements are mushrooming all over the world is alarming causing health problems, environmental deterioration, social distress, economic destruction (fire), and urban violence. This has forced many countries to put in place measures and efforts to eradicate the informal settlements. There has been no clear indicator as to whether the efforts put in place are bearing fruits or not. The overall aim of this study was to analyze the extent of spatial...

ASSESSMENT OF INTRA-URBAN AUTO-RICKSHAW SERVICES IN LAGOS STATE: THE CASE OF ALIMOSHO L.G.A (IYANA PAJA AXIS)

Aim & ObjectivesAim: The aim of this research is to assess intra-urban auto-rickshaw (tricycles) operations and services with a  view to establishing policies that can enhance intra-urban travels in Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos. Nigeria.Objectives: The specific objectives are to:-i. Assess the operations of Auto-rickshaw services in selected route of Alimosho LGA, Lagos.ii.  Examine  socio-economic characteristics of auto-rickshaw operators and  passengers in...

SPATIO-CLIMATIC INFLUENCE ON MALARIA VECTOR DISTRIBUTION

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health disease in Nigeria and the risk exists throughout all the country. However, it is a widely accepted view that climate change may affect the distribution of vector species. To better understand the epidemiology of the disease, it is important to study the climatic parameter such as temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall because these parameters influence the life cycles and development of both the malaria parasite and mosquito vector. Climate chan...

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA LOCATION ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF GIDAN KWANO VILLAGE

ABSTRACT; It has been argued from several quarters that the l guided and monitored. ocation of a Tertiary institution in an area is a The establishment of Federal University of Technology Minna in Gidan Kwano has led to the emergent of various transformations in the community which shows tendencies towards chaotic physical development and unprecedented growth in the environment. This res earch aims to Assess of the Impact of Federal University of Technology Minna Location on the Physical Deve...

ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS

ABSTRACTThe research investigated the root-cause of the 2013-2014 unrests witnessed by communities in Makurdi and environs while examining the effects on the welfare of lives and livelihoods. Substantially, the study assessed the response and preparedness, adaptation and resilience strategies of communities to the event aiming at proffering possible solutions. Data sourced were drawn from primary and secondary sources; questionnaire and oral interviews from the field and&n...

ASSESSMENT OF FARMERS PERCEPTION ON CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CROP PRODUCTION PLANNING IN OGBOMOSHO AND ITS ENVIRONS, OYO STATE NIGERIA

ASSESSMENT OF FARMERS PERCEPTION ON CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CROP PRODUCTION PLANNING IN OGBOMOSHO AND ITS ENVIRONS, OYO STATE NIGERIABYIMORU, Ahmed Abimbola(2011/1/38130BG)PROJECT SUBMITTED TO DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHYSCHOOL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES (SPS) FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, MINNA, NIGERIAIN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY (B.Tech) IN GEOGRAPHY (METEOROLOGY)SEPTEMBER, 2016                         ...

OIL PIPELINE VANDALISM IN NIGERIA A PLANNERS PERCEPTION

ABSTRACT            Pipeline vandalism is a persistent social problem in all the major Nigerian urban centres today. Despite the inadequacy, the available have been consistently vandalized by criminals and mob. This has undoubtedly strained the limited resources of the governments. This paper examines the nature, types, location and costs of vandalism as well as identifying the various actors involved in vandalism of infrastructural facilities in Nigeria The paper highlights ...

DETERMINANTS OF HOUSE OWNERSHIP AMONG UNIVERSITY OF UYO STAFF

Man has consistently tried to build his immediate environment so as to provide a means to cover and protect himself from the external elements. Despite man’s effort to provide decent accommodation, his effort seems unrealizable with processes that are too cumbersome. This paper seeks to investigate determinants of house ownership among University of Uyo Staff. For the purpose of collecting data, a population size of 2494 Staff was identified through the Department of Establishment, ...

Impact of Laterite Excavation on Vegetal Cover in Birigi Village of Niger State

The excavation of laterite has totally removed the vegetative cover of the land area which served as an ecosystem community for Plants and Animals Resistant and successional species of plants and animals would be able to cope with unstable situations which were caused   by the excavation activities.The dwellers around the excavation site are not well enlightened about the environmental impact of the laterite excavation activity in their locality; they only see it as a source of income witho...

Assessment of Pedestrian Circulation in Advanced Trauma Centre in Niger State.

The design of an Advance Trauma Centre taking cognisance of pedestrian circulation is bringing into exploit was has been neglected and rarely used as a medium of creating healing environment for the users or patients of the healthcare centre. This research work seeks to analyse the basic sources of navigation problem in and out of the existing trauma centres in Niger state; also, taking into considerations the necessary norms and ethics that guide the design of healthcare centre. The causes o...

Development of Land Information System for Talba Housing Estate in Minna, Niger State

ABSTRACTThe increase in human population has lay more pressure on land, because of the static nature and importance of land it is highly demanded thereby leading People to search for reliable information relating to such land which is appropriate, has integrity, up-to-date and most importantly secured for development. An information which is not secured is regarded as an irrelevant information and hardly satisfies the need for obtaining it. In surveying, information processed from raw facts a...

THE IMPORTANCE OF LANDSCAPE IN EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

The desire to combine nature with architecture had been courted for a very long time. The research results in this area has proved that private and communal spaces should interplay creatively the nature for the benefit of the environment and the planet at large, various activities in these areas had been initiated by individuals and governments at private and city-scale levels. For, just as architecture and urban planning concern themselves with issues of comfort, safety, security, convenienc...

Problems of Compulsory Acquisition and Compensation in the Land Use Act 1978

ABSTRACTThe word land means different things to different people and in different context. These different meanings notwithstanding, land, since prehistoric time, has been of elemental significance to the affairs of man.In this thesis the various interests compulsory acquired were looked into. The compensation paid for these interests were adequately examined to determine the adequacy of the compensation. In the payment of compensation, time factor was also considered  This study examined t...

IMPACT OF HIGHER INSTITUTION ON ITS NEIGHBOURING RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY MARKET

ABSTRACTThis project examines the impact of higher institution on its neighbouring residential property market. Part of the objectives was to identify the trend of rental values of property market located close to the higher institution. To achieve this, residents were contacted and their opinions were gotten through questionnaires issued. A total number of hundred (100) questionnaires were issued and seventy (70) were retrieved with response rate at 70%. The use of frequency distribution tab...


76 - 90 Of 234 Results