Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

INFLUENCE OF SALT STRESS ON SEED GERMINATION, GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND YIELD OF FABA BEAN (Vicia faba L.)

Abstract: In Ethiopia, salt affected soils are prevalent in the Rift Valley and lowland areas. Beans, which grow in different parts of Ethiopia, are salt sensitive. This experiment was conducted with the objective of screening bean varieties: namely Tumsa, Gora and Gachena for salt tolerance by the use of some agronomic traits such as days to seed germination, seedling shoot and root length, seedling shoot and root fresh weight, seedling shoot and root dry weight were measured in the laborat...

RESPONSE OF CHICKPEA (Cicer aritienum L.) TO SULPHUR AND ZINC NUTRIENTS APPLICATION AND RHIZOBIUM INOCULATION IN NORTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: In sub-Saharan Africa, plant nutrient deficiency, due to nutrient mining, is a major growth limiting factor for crop production. As a result, some soils become non responsive to Rhizobial inoculation. In an effort to find out possible correction, a field experiment was carried out on-farm, during 2016/17 growing season, at Gondar Zuria woreda in Tsion and Denzaz Kebeles to evaluate the effect of Rhizobium inoculation, S and Zn application on yield and yield parameters, nodulation, ...

Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Potato growth, Yield, Yield Components and Physico-chemical Properties of Soil, Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

Abstract: Potato is an important food security and cash crop in eastern Hararghe Zone. However, the productivity of the crop is constrained by low soil fertility and poor fertilizer management practices. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Haramaya watershed in Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia; during the 2014 using irrigation. The main objective of the study was to assess the effects of integrated nutrient management on potato growth, yield and yield components and selected ph...

EFFECT OF INTEGRATED SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AND YIELD OF BREAD WHEAT (Triticum aestivum L.) IN SINANA DISTRICT, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Bread wheat is an important food security and cash crop in Ethiopia, particularly in the Bale and Arsi highlands. However, the yield of the crop is constrained by poor soil fertility management practices. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted during the 2015 main cropping season at Selka Kebele of Sinana District in Bale zone of Oromia Regional State, southeastern Ethiopian with the objective of investigating the influence of biochar, farmyard manure, and mineral nitrogen fer...

POPULATION STATUS AND FEEDING ECOLOGY OF OSTRICH (Struthio camelus) IN ABIJATA-SHALLA LAKES NATIONAL PARK, , WEST ARSI ZONE, OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The ostriches (Struthio camelus) are the largest flightless birds (Ratites) in the world and characterized by their heavy weights and large wings. They are also among the common birds that inhabit the park areas as feeding and nesting sites.This study was conducted to assess and document the population status and feeding ecology of Ostrich in Abijata-Shalla Lakes National Park, West Arsi Zone of Oromia Regional State. A cross sectional research design was used to collect informatio...

POPULATION SIZE, FEEDING ECOLOGY AND THREATS TO COLOBUS MONKEY (Colobus guereza R.) IN BETERIA FOREST, AWI ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The Colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) is black and white in color, distributed mainly in forests and savanna woodlands. They are easily be identified by a combination of facial features and tail morphology from other primates; they are also among ideal subjects to study animal abundance and feeding ecology. A cross sectional survey was conducted to provide and document baseline information regarding the population size, feeding ecology and threats to C. guereza in Beteria Forest, Aw...

GENETIC VARIABILITY OF FABA BEAN (Vicia faba L. ) BASED ON PHENOTYPIC TRAITS AT GUNA DISTRICT, ARSI HIGHLAND OF ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is one of the earliest food legumes of the world used as source of high protein for human and animal consumption. In Guna wereda no studies were conducted on faba bean genetic variability and this study is designed to fill this gap. The study was designed to reveal the genetic variability and using phenotypic traits, fifteen accessions were laid out in a Randomized complete block designs (RCBD) with three replications. Each block consisted of 15 genotypes....

IMPACT OF SALINITY STERESS ON SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH ON SELECTED VARIETY OF TOMATO (LycopersiconesculentumMill.)

Abstract: Soil salinity is a major environmental issue threatening agricultural productivity worldwide. Therefore, screening for salt tolerant varieties is the most important and overcomes the salinity problems and treated with different saltconcentration.thus, this study aimed to study five selected tomato varieties collected from Awash Malkasa agriculture. An experiment was conducted at xii Haramaya University School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology laboratory and a greenhouse expe...

ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION IN TANNERY SOLID WASTE AND SOIL AT THE DUMPING SITE IN MOJO TOWN, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Tannery industry considered to be one of the polluting industries in case of water, soil and air due to the deferent types of chemicals used in transforming hide to leather. The study was conducted in order to determine the concentration of heavy metal of Chromium, Iron, Zink, Nickel, Manganese, Lead, Copper and Cadmium and particle size distribution of tannery solid waste and tannery dumping site soil. The sample was selected purposively and analyzed for the presence of heavy meta...

GENETIC VARIABILITY AND ASSOCIATIONS AMONG YIELD AND YIELD RELATED TRAITS OF CHICKPEA (Cicer arietinum L.) GENOTYPES AT WEST BADEWACHO DISTRICT, HADDIYA ZONE, SOUTH REGIONAL STATE OF ETHIO

Abstract: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a mulit important legumes in Ethiopia; however, despite of all the multi benefits of chickpea, its productivity has remained low in Ethiopian agriculture than the attainable yield (5 tons/ha) under improved and good management condition. Reasonable seed yield in chickpea could be achieved by using improved genotypes with appropriate agronomic practices. The investigation of improved genotypes requires a good breeding program, which usually depends o...

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN THE ADOPTION OF CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE PRACTICES IN SHEEMA DISTRICT, WESTERN UGANDA

Abstract: The diffusion of agricultural practices is shaped by the relationships among actors in the social systems and this influences the extent of their adoption by the farmers. The objectives of this study were to assess farmers’ social networks and their explicit role in the diffusion and adoption of selected Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices in Sheema District of Uganda. The mixed-methods approach including both qualitative and quantitative measurements to contextually collec...

ACIDITY STATUS AND LIME REQUIREMENT OF SOILS OF AMEYA DISTRICT, SOUTHWEST SHOWA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Soil acidity is one of the main factors that limit agricultural productivity in many parts of the world. Study was conducted at Southwest showa Ameya District on acidic soils collected from dominant crop fields of the four selected kebeles in South Westshowa Zone, Ameya District to determine the status, and extents of acidity, and determination of lime requirements to neutralize the acidity effects. The selected kebeles were Gulti Bola, Bero Salen, Dire Aroji, and Kechema Jiran. Fi...

EFFECTS OF TYPES AND RATES OF BLENDED FERTILIZERS ON SELECTED CHEMICAL SOIL PROPERTIES AND YIELD OF COMMON BEAN (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) IN DEBUB ARI DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Production and productivity of common bean is decreased mainly by soil fertility depletion, inappropriate rate of poor nutrients availability and application without soil test, and inefficient crop response. Crop specific fertilizer recommendation is necessary for sustainable crop production. Accordingly, a field experiment was conducted during the main rainy season of 2019 to evaluate the effects of types and rates of blended fertilizers on selected soil chemical properties and yi...

SOIL FERTILITY STATUS AND EFFECTIVENESS OF NP, NPS AND NPSB FERTILIZERS FOR WHEAT (Triticum aesticum L.) PRODUCTION AT GULTI BOLA IN AMEYA DISTRICT, SOUTHWEST SHOA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Ensuring food security for the ever-increasing world population has direct relation with management of lands resources that are vital for crop production. Inadequate information on soil fertility status and poor management practices are among the main constraints to crop production in Ethiopia. Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in Ethiopia. Yield of this crop is low mainly due to low soil fertility. In Ethiopia, Urea and DAP (di-ammonium phosphate) are the only fertil...

DETERMINANTS OF FARMERS’ CHOICES OF ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE: THE CASE OF GUANGUA DISTRICT OF AWI ZONE, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, NORTHWESTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Climate change has higher impact on agricultural production by its effect flood, drought, crop pests and diseases. The main objective of study was to assess the determinants of farmers’ choices of adaptation strategies to climate change. Both primary and secondary data were used. A multistage sampling technique was used. This study depends on cross-sectional data. Descriptive statistics,weighted average index, principal component analysis and Multivariate Probit model were used. ...


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